02 October 2022 The Hindu Newspaper Analysis

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Prelims Specific Questions:-

1) With reference to Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) consider the following statements: 

1. It grants the armed forces extraordinary powers and legal immunity to bring back order in disturbed areas.
2. It gives power to armed forces to arrest anyone even without a warrant.
3. This act can be applied in the state only after the consent of that state government.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

1 and 2 only
2 and 3 only
1 and 3 only
1, 2 and 3

2) World’s first CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) terminal is going to be present in which of the following state?


3) With reference to Operation Garuda, consider the following statements; 

1. It is an operation against illicit drug trafficking networks.
2. It was launched by Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB).

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

1 only
2 only
Both 1 and 2
Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation :- Operation Garuda is by CBI


News items of the Day:-

  1. All about GST as it was in News:-

What is Goods and Services Tax (GST)?

It is a destination based tax on consumption of goods and services. It is proposed to be levied at all stages right from manufacture up to final consumption with credit of taxes paid at previous stages available as set off. In a nutshell, only value addition will be taxed and burden of tax is to be borne by the final consumer.

What exactly is the concept of destination based tax on consumption?

The tax would accrue to the taxing authority which has jurisdiction over the place of consumption which is also termed as place of supply.

Which of the existing taxes are proposed to be subsumed under GST?

The GST would replace the following taxes:

Taxes currently levied and collected by the Centre:

  • Central Excise duty
  • Duties of Excise (Medicinal and Toilet Preparations)
  • Additional Duties of Excise (Goods of Special Importance)
  • Additional Duties of Excise (Textiles and Textile Products)
  • Additional Duties of Customs (commonly known as CVD)
  • Special Additional Duty of Customs (SAD)
  • Service Tax
  • Central Surcharges and Cesses so far as they relate to supply of goods and services

State taxes that would be subsumed under the GST are:

  • State VAT
  • Central Sales Tax
  • Luxury Tax
  • Entry Tax (all forms)
  • Entertainment and Amusement Tax (except when levied by the local bodies)
  • Taxes on advertisements
  • Purchase Tax
  • Taxes on lotteries, betting and gambling
  • State Surcharges and Cesses so far as they relate to supply of goods and services

The GST Council shall make recommendations to the Union and States on the taxes, cesses and surcharges levied by the Centre, the States and the local bodies which may be subsumed in the GST.

According to Article 279A, it is on the part of the president to give the order to constitute the council of GST within 60 days from the 12th of September 2016 which is already notified by the Government.

2. 5G inaugurated in India :-

The data rate has improved from 64 kbps in 2G to 2 Mbps in 3G and 50–100 Mbps in 4G. 5G is expected to enhance not only the data transfer speed of mobile networks but also the scalability, connectivity, and energy efficiency of the network

In a true “networked society” remote controlled operation of appliances and critical commercial machines over a reliable 5G network will be possible with zero delay. Real-time control of machines by using mobile devices will be possible, making the Internet of things (IoT) more available to all. Finally, but not least important, less energy-hungry network nodes will be required toward a greener world.

Therefore, the following are the most important elements in the description of 5G:

  • high throughput,
  • low-latency,
  • high reliability,
  • increased scalability, and
  • energy efficient mobile communication technology.

3. Indore adjudged cleanest city sixth year in a row :-

Remote controlled operation of appliances and critical commercial machines over a reliable 5G network will be possible with zero delay in a truly “networked society.” Real-time machine control via mobile devices will be possible, making the Internet of Things (IoT) more accessible to all.

Finally, and perhaps most importantly, less energy-hungry network nodes will be required in order to achieve a greener world.

4. Mars rover finds sedimentary rocks under planet’s surface:- Under the Martian surface, China’s Zhurong MARS rover has discovered evidence of two enormous floods that sculpted the terrain. Zhurong has been exploring the northern hemisphere of Mars’ Utopia Planitia since May of last year.

5. Supreme Court rules all women entitled to safe, legal abortion :- No matter of their marital status, the Supreme Court has declared that all women have the right to safe and legal abortions up to 24 weeks of pregnancy.

A court bench made up of Justices DY Chandrachud, JB Pardiwala, and AS Bopanna declared that any distinction made between a married and an unmarried woman for purposes of abortion regulations was “artificial and constitutionally unsustainable.”

Unmarried and single women whose pregnancies were between 20 and 24 weeks cannot be denied access to safe and legal abortion, the bench ruled.

“The rights of reproductive autonomy, dignity, and privacy under Article 21 guarantee an unmarried woman the right to choose whether or not to carry a child, on a comparable footing as a married woman,” the ruling by Justice Chandrachud stated.

What was the Rule:-

Rule 3B lays down the categories of women whose pregnancy can be terminated till 24 weeks. As per the rules laid down in the MTP Act, only survivors of rape, minors, women whose marital status changed during pregnancy, mentally-ill women, or women with foetal malformation are allowed to terminate pregnancy. In pregnancies involving consensual sex, termination of pregnancy is allowed only till 20 weeks as per the Act and rules.

6. According to FSI Report, around 6,000 trees were unlawfully taken down for tiger safari project in Corbett Reserve. :- The eagerly anticipated tiger safari project of the Uttarakhand government is under scrutiny after a Forest Survey of India (FSI) report claimed that over 6,000 trees in the Corbett Tiger Reserve (CTR) were illegally cut down despite having permission for only 163 for creating the Pakhru Tiger Safari.

The Nainital district in the Indian state of Uttarakhand is home to Jim Corbett National Park. As the country’s first national park, it was created in 1936 during the British Raj and given the name Hailey National Park in honour of William Malcolm Hailey, the United Provinces’ governor at the time.

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