04 June 2021 Daily Current Affairs

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Consider the following statements with respect to SWASTIIK Technology

1. It involves disinfection of water using chemical methods such as chlorination that provides safe and healthy drinking water without any harmful disinfection by-products.

2. It has been developed by the Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.   1 only

b.   2 only

c.   Both 1 and 2

d.   Neither 1 nor 2

“India Cycles4Change Challenge”, sometimes seen in the news recently, was launched under which of the following ministries?

a.   Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

b.   Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs

c.   Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

d.   Ministry of Road Transport and Highways

Koyna Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in which of the following states?

a.   Telangana

b.   Andhra Pradesh

c.   Maharashtra

d.   Jharkhand

MAP OF THE DAY

Five Great Lakes : Lake Superior, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Lake Erie, Lake Ontario.
Out of these Only Lake Michigan lies totally in USA rest all lies in USA and Canada together.

Important Ranges :- ROCKY MOUNTAINS, APPLACHIANS, Cascade Ranges

Important Physical Features :- Sierra Nevada,

Prelims Specific News Items

  1. About Seed Minikit Programme :- This programme was launched as a major tool to introduce new varieties of seeds in fields. It will also help in increasing the seed replacement rate.

    Seed Replacement Rate (SSR) or Seed Replacement Ratio is a measure of how much of the total cropped area was sown with certified seeds in comparison to farm saved seeds. … Thus, Seed Replacement Ratio also denotes actual quality seed distributed to farmers vis-a-vis actual seed required for cultivation of crops.

    Under the programme, Mini-kits are being provided by NAFED, National Seeds Corporation (NCS), and Gujarat State Seeds Corporation.

    It is completely funded by government through National Food Security Mission.

2)Indian Railways’ Research Design & Standards Organization (RDSO) has recently become the nation’s first institution to be declared as Standard Developing Organization (SDO) under the mission called “One Nation One Standard” on Bureau of Indian Standards. BIS is an institution under the Department of Consumer Affairs. 

This unique initiative of two organizations under the Government of India is going to set a template for all the rest of India’s leading research and standard development organizations to follow and adapt world-class standards.

The RDSO in Lucknow, which is the sole Research and Design Wing of the Railway Ministry, is one of the nation’s leading standard formulating body undertaking standardization work for the railway sector.

3)On the occasion of 100th anniversary of Chinese Communist Party in 2021, China is promoting ‘red tourism’, which means it is encouraging people to visit places that have historical and cultural importance for communist party.

What are those places? :– Nanhu Lake in Zhejiang, East China and Mao Zedong’s birthplace are among the place.

4)Significant progress in SDGs on clean energy, health: NITI index :- India saw significant improvement in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to clean energy, urban development and health in 2020, according to the NITI Aayog’s 2020 SDG Index. However, there has been a major decline in the areas of industry, innovation and infrastructure as well as decent work and economic growth.

What Is the Gini Index?

The Gini index, or Gini coefficient, is a measure of the distribution of income across a population developed by the Italian statistician Corrado Gini in 1912. It is often used as a gauge of economic inequality, measuring income distribution or, less commonly, wealth distribution among a population. The coefficient ranges from 0 (or 0%) to 1 (or 100%), with 0 representing perfect equality and 1 representing perfect inequality. Values over 1 are  theoretically possible due to negative income or wealth

The Palma ratio is a measure of inequality. It is the ratio of the richest 10% of the population’s share of gross national income (GNI) divided by the poorest 40%’s share.

5)‘Journalists need protection against sedition charges’ :- The Supreme Court quashed a sedition case registered against senior journalist and Padma Shri awardee Vinod Dua for his critical remarks against the Prime Minister and the Union government in a YouTube telecast, underscoring its 59 year-old verdict that “strong words” of disapproval about the ruling regime did not amount to sedition.

SC in Kedarnath Singh :- The 1962 judgment said Section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (sedition) was intended only to punish subversion of a lawfully established government through violent means.

6)NASA Planned Mission to Venus :- The missions, which have each been awarded $500m (£352m) in funding, are due to launch between 2028 and 2030.

Nasa administrator Bill Nelson said the missions would offer the “chance to investigate a planet we haven’t been to in more than 30 years”.

The last US probe to visit the planet was the Magellan orbiter in 1990

Venus is the second planet from the sun and the hottest planet in the solar system with a surface temperature of 500C – high enough to melt lead.

The Davinci+ (Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging) mission will measure the planet’s atmosphere to gain insight into how it formed and evolved. It will also aim to determine whether Venus ever had an ocean.

Davinci+ is expected to return the first high resolution images of the planet’s “tesserae” geological features. Scientists believe these features could be comparable to continents on Earth and could suggest that Venus has plate tectonics.

The second mission, Veritas (Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy), will map the planet’s surface to understand its geological history and investigate how it developed so differently than Earth.

It will use a form of radar to chart surface elevations and discover whether volcanoes and earthquakes are still happening.

7) About Black Carbon :-

Black carbon results from the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass. BC is produced both naturally and by human activities as a result of the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass. Primary sources include emissions from diesel engines, cook stoves, wood burning and forest fires.

Concerns associated:

  1. The fine particles absorb light and about a million times more energy than carbon dioxide.
  2. It is said to be the second largest contributor to climate change after CO2. But unlike CO2, which can stay in the atmosphere for years together, black carbon is short-lived and remains in the atmosphere only for days to weeks before it descends as rain or snow.
  3. Black carbon absorbs solar energy and warms the atmosphere. When it falls to earth with precipitation, it darkens the surface of snow and ice, reducing their albedo (the reflecting power of a surface), warming the snow, and hastening melting.
  4. India is the second largest emitter of black carbon in the world, with emissions expected to increase dramatically in the coming decades, says an April 2019 study in the journal Atmospheric Research, with the Indo Gangetic plains said to be the largest contributor.

How to Reduce Black Carbon :- Some of the ongoing policy measures to cut BC emissions are enhancing fuel efficiency standards for vehicles, phasing out diesel vehicles and promoting electric vehicles, accelerating the use of liquefied petroleum gas for cooking and through clean cookstove programmes, as well as upgrading brick kiln technologies.

EDITORIALS OF THE DAY

EDITORIAL 01 : Rural health care needs fixing, and now

Author says that A takeaway from the pandemic is that India needs to revisit and refurbish its health infrastructure in the rural areas.

Facts :- We have one PHC for 25 villages in India. This needs to be revisited. In the fast changing health scenario, we should have one expanded PHC for every 10 villages along with the provision of some beds and other minimum necessary facilities. We have 5,624 community health centres (CHCs) against the requirement of 7,322.

India has eight hospital beds for a population of 10,000 people, while in China, it has 40 beds for the same number of people.

What Needs to be done :- Villages need adequate health services. Given the alarming proportion of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in India, we cannot sit idle any longer and need to focus on the existing health infrastructure in the rural areas.

We need more PHC’s , SHC’s and CHC’s.

We need more hospital beds, and need to recruit the vacant doctors and compounders in the Public health Infrastructure.

We need to set up more and more Health Camps in order to find out the disease burden.

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