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05 January 2021 Daily Current Affairs

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Consider the following statements with respect to Ayushman Bharat PM-JAY SEHAT

  1. The scheme provides free of cost insurance cover to all the residents of the UT of Jammu & Kashmir (J&K).
  2. The benefits of the scheme will be portable across the country. 

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only
b.  2 only
c.  Both 1 and 2
d.  Neither 1 nor 2

2)Why is an amoeba called “Naegleria fowleri” often seen in the news recently?

a.  It is a deadly brain eating amoeba
b.  It is the world’s first electronically designed amoeba
c.  It is an ocean bacteria that survives by eating microplastics
d.  It is used as a probiotic to reduce appetite in obese people

EXPLANATION :- It is a free-living microscopic amoeba. It can cause a rare and devastating infection of the brain called primary amebic meningoencephalitis (PAM).The amoeba is commonly found in warm freshwater and soil. 
Naegleria fowleri usually infects people when contaminated water enters the body through the nose.

3)Which of the following statements are incorrect with respect to Leprosy Disease

  1. It is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium Leprae.
  2. It affects the peripheral nerves, respiratory tract and the eyes.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a.  1 only
b.  2 only
c.  Both 1 and 2
d.  Neither 1 nor 2

News: Union Minister of Education has virtually laid the foundation stone of ‘TiHAN-IIT Hyderabad.

GS-3 : Science Tech / Defence

It is India’s first Technology Innovation Hub for Autonomous Navigation Systems and Data Acquisition Systems setup by IIT Hyderabad.

Focus: The hub focuses on addressing various challenges hindering the real-time adoption of unmanned autonomous vehicles for both terrestrial and aerial applications.

Funded by: It was sanctioned and funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST) under the National Mission on Interdisciplinary Cyber-Physical Systems (NM-ICPS).

Sectors: The hub’s focus sectors include Intelligent, Autonomous Transportation and Systems, Agriculture, Surveillance, and Environmental & Infrastructure Monitoring.

Who can use it? The hub will be available for use by industries, R&D labs, academia conducting research and development in the broad areas of autonomous navigation.

2) News: National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB), Ministry of AYUSH has launched a Consortia of Medicinal Plants.

GS-2 Health, GS-3 Environment

Facts: The NMPB Consortia aims to address/deliberate on the following issues: Quality planting material, Research & Development, Cultivation and Trade of medicinal plants/market linkage.

Medicinal Plant Species Covered: In the first phase NMPB consortia is proposed for following medicinal plant species:

Ashwagandha (Withaniasomnifera)
Pippali(Piper longum)
Aonla (Phyllanthus Emblica)
Guggulu (Commiphorawightii)
Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)

3)Repeal law permitting seizure of livestock: SC

GS-2 ( Supreme Court )

The government brought a law three (3) years ago in which it said that the people who are suspected to be guilty of doing cruelty to the animals , their animals will be confiscated and seizure of animals will be done.

S.C said that this law violates the section 29 of the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals act 1960 in which it is said that the animals will be seized or confiscated only when the charges are proved.

4)‘Track social media to check pangolin poaching’

GS-3 ( Environment )

What’s the News :- The Odisha Forest department has stressed the need for stricter monitoring of social media platforms to check pangolin poaching and trading. During past few years, instances of pangolin poaching have been reported at regular intervals from different parts of Odisha.

About Pangolin:- IUCN status: Endangered

India is home to two species of pangolin. While the Chinese Pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) is found in northeastern India, the Indian Pangolin is distributed in other parts of the country as well as Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan.

Both these species are protected and are listed under the Schedule I Part I of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 and under Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).

Commonly known as ‘scaly anteaters’, the toothless animals are unique, a result of millions of years of evolution.

Pangolin meat is considered a delicacy in China and Vietnam.

Their scales which are made of keratin, the same protein present in human nails — are believed to improve lactation, promote blood circulation, and remove blood stasis.

These so-called health benefits are so far unproven.

What makes pangolins the most trafficked animals in the world?

Their alleged health benefits in traditional Chinese medicines prompted a booming illicit export of scales from Africa over the past decade.

Officials quote trafficking price of Pangolin and its scale anywhere between Rs 30,000 and Rs 1 crore for a single animal.

Conservation of pangolins received its first shot in the arm when the 2017 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) enforced an international trade ban.

EDITORIALS OF THE DAY

1)Embracing Energy Efficiency :- Author highlights ways of inducing energy efficiency.

Firstly author informs that The Power Minister, R.K. Singh, recently announced the Electricity (Rights of Consumers) Rules, 2020.
The rules lay down uniform performance standards for power distribution
companies (discoms) and make them liable to compensate consumers
in case of violations.

First, we need to improve the availability and affordability of energy efficient appliances. For instance, despite a voluntary labelling scheme
since 2009, less than 5% of ceiling fans produced in India are starrated.
While the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) plans to bring ceiling fans
under mandatory labelling from 2022, the high upfront cost will be
another barrier.

Second, India needs a nationwide consumer awareness campaign on energy efficiency. Only a fourth of Indian households are currently aware
of BEE’s star labels. State governments, discoms and retailers
need to be at the forefront of our renewed efforts to create mass
awareness about energy efficiency.

Finally, we need to monitor supply quality and changing consumption
pattern on a realtime basis. As discoms in India deploy smart meters,
these must be used to measure actual savings and demonstrate the benefits
of energy efficient devices to build consumer confidence. The smart metering network would also be crucial for enforcing consumer rights rules.

5)Kerala on alert after bird flu in two districts :

GS-2 States

The presence of the H5N8 subtype of the Influenza A virus was reported in ducks in Thalavadi, Thakazhy, Pallipad and Karuvatta in Alappuzha district and Neendoor in Kottayam district.

6)Manufacturing sector activity strengthened in December

GS-3 ECONOMY

Manufacturers stepping up production and input buying amid efforts to
rebuild their inventories following business closures earlier in the year.

The seasonally adjusted IHS Markit India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’’ Index (PMI)  was at 56.4 in December.

A print above 50 means expansion, while a score below that denotes contraction.

“The latest PMI results for the Indian manufacturing sector continued to point to an economy on the mend, as a supportive demand environment and firms’ efforts to rebuild safety stocks underpinned another sharp rise in
production.

Employment fell again, stretching the current sequence of job shedding to nine months. 

The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is a diffusion index incorporating survey results conducted on manufacturing firms throughout the country.

7)Vietnam buys Indian rice for first time in decades

GS-3 ( Economy )

Vietnam, the world’s third biggest exporter of rice, has started buying the grain from rival India after local prices jumped to their highest in nine years amid limited domestic supplies.

India is the biggest exporter of Rice. Second is Thailand.

Biggest Importer of Rice is China.

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Lekha
Lekha
17 days ago

Being a beginner I literally struggled alot with Current affairs. But after watching your video analysis I came to know how I needed to prepare for current affairs. They are really helpful. And I am really thankful.

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