Dihing Patkai National Park, often seen in the news recently, is located in?
d. Arunachal Pradesh
Which of the following states has introduced the Smart Kitchen Project?
b. West Bengal
c. Himachal Pradesh
Consider the following statements with respective to Foodborne Diseases
- Salmonella is a group of bacteria that can cause food-borne illnesses known as salmonellosis.
- Norovirus is thought to be the most common cause of diarrhoea and vomiting illness.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
Prelims Specific News Articles
- New Declassification Policy :– Ministry of Defence has come out with a new policy which stipulates that events must be officially recorded within five years.
It says “records should ordinarily be declassified in 25 years” and “records older than 25 years should be appraised by archival experts and transferred to the National Archives of India once the war/operations histories have been compiled”.
The government will, however, continue to have discretionary power over withholding records it deems sensitive – one such example is the Henderson Brooks-Bhagat report ( on 1962 War). These can be declassified on the basis of the recommendation of a Committee on case to case basis.
“The policy mandates constitution of a committee headed by Joint Secretary, MoD, and comprising representatives of the Services, Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs, and other organisations and prominent military historians for compilation of war and operations histories.”
2)‘Operation Olivia’ to the rescue of Olive Ridleys :- Every year, the Indian Coast Guard’s “Operation Olivia”, initiated in the early 1980s, helps protect Olive Ridley turtles as they congregate along the Odisha coast for breeding and nesting from November to December.
The Olive Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) is listed as vulnerable under the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red list. All five species of sea turtles found in India are included in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, and in the Appendix I of the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora which prohibits trade in turtle products by signatory countries. The Orissa Marine Fisheries Act empowers the Coast Guard as one of its enforcement agencies.
The Olive Ridley has one of the most extraordinary nesting habits in the natural world, including mass nesting called arribadas. The 480 km long Odisha coast has three arribada beaches at Gahirmatha, the mouth of the Devi river, and in Rushikulya, where about 1 lakh nests are found annually.
3)Explained: How Delhi Master Plan 2041 aims to transform air, water and land in the National Capital :– “Foster a Sustainable, Liveable and Vibrant Delhi”. That is the aim of the Delhi Master Plan 2041 (DMP).
The draft of DMP says that the first-ever master plan for the National Capital was put together in 1962.
According to the draft, MPD 2041 is thus a “strategic and enabling framework to guide future growth of the city”, its implementation being the “collective responsibility of all agencies involved in the development of Delhi”.
DMP 2041 comprises two volumes:-
“Vision 2041 and Enabling Policy Framework”, the first of those, gives an overview of the current demographic and economic status of the city and divides the “vision, goals and objectives” into six sections that cover the environment, economy, transportation and mobility, heritage, culture and public spaces, shelter and social infrastructure and physical infrastructure.
The second volume contains the “Spatial Development Strategy and Action Plan”. As the name suggests, it highlights the major strategies and detailed provisions “covering both green field and brown field development in the city”. It also provides a ‘monitoring and evaluation’ framework for DMP 2041.
While the master plan touches upon virtually every aspect of city life, the key takeaways concern the strategies to mitigate air and water pollution and improve housing.
4)Bitcoin push :- El Salvador became the first sovereign nation to make a cryptocurrency legal tender. It mandates that Bitcoin should now be accepted as a valid payment by all establishments, except those that do not have the technical wherewithal to do so.
Why is the U.S. dollar the currency in El Salvador?
El Salvador fully ‘dollarised’ its economy in 2001. Countries adopt the U.S. dollar as their official currency for several reasons, such as when their local currencies fail (for example, Zimbabwe, which saw inflation in multimillion percentages), or to take advantage of the stability that it offers and attract investments.
One of the downsides is that the economies of ‘dollarised’ countries get linked to the monetary policies of the Federal Reserve in Washington. The U.S. central bank could set rates that may benefit the U.S. economy but end up hurting economies that use the same currency.
By enabling the transfer of money via Bitcoins, Mr. Bukele says El Salvadoreans will save on transaction fees of banks and agencies.
Why are governments wary? Due to their core nature that shuns centralised control, governments globally have been wary of cryptocurrencies. A report from the U.S. Library of Congress notes that most countries have warned their citizens against investing in cryptocurrencies, let alone allowing transactions in them. Some have tried to use the technology to create government sanctioned digital currencies. China, a hub of cryptocurrency activity, has issued a digital Yuan on blockchain while it cracks down on other cryptocurrencies. The Bank of England has also proposed a digital Sterling.
Cryptocurrencies as commodities are highly volatile, a recent example being the massive swings in the values of Bitcoin and Dogecoin, based merely on the tweets of cryptocurrency ‘evangelist’ Elon Musk. Another problem is the increasing energy use associated with cryptocurrencies. The ‘mining’ of Bitcoin, where individuals or companies set up powerful systems to support the blockchain network, for which they are rewarded in the currency, consumes “about the same amount of energy annually as the Netherlands did in 2019”, says a Reuters report citing data from the University of Cambridge and the International Energy Agency. “Bitcoin production is estimated to generate between 22 and 22.9 million metric tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions a year, or between the levels produced
by Jordan and Sri Lanka,” says the report.