14 March 2022 Current affairs Notes

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Questions of the Day

1) According to the terms of the ‘Subsidiary Alliance’, Indian rulers were

1) Not allowed to have their independent armed forces

2)Supposed to protect the British representatives in the princely states

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  a) 1 only

  b) 2 only

  c) Both 1 and 2

  d) Neither 1 nor 2

2) In 1720, the British government enacted the Calico Act. What is it related to?

  a) Barring of company officials from private trade

  b) Disallowing Indians from entering Civil Services

  c) Banning the use of printed cotton textile imported from India.

  d) Compulsory use of English language in Company affairs

3) Consider the following statements

1) Maulana Azad established Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College.

2) Kuka movement in Punjab aimed at purifying the Sikh religion by removing all the abuses, superstitions and ill-practices

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

  a) 1 only

  b) 2 only

  c) Both 1 and 2

  d) Neither 1 nor 2

Prelim Specific News

Some Facts
Cabinet Committee on Security is headed by : Prime Minister
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs : headed by Prime Minister

All committees except Cabinet Committee on Accommodation and Cabinet Committee on Parliamentary Affairs are headed by the Prime Minister.

Cabinet Committee of Parliamentary Affairs – chaired by the Defense Minister of India.
Cabinet Committee on Accommodation is headed by Home Minister Amit Shah.

2) Why Citizens are Reluctant to Pay Taxes ?

There are Two reasons for this :

  1. When citizens feel that the tax that they are paying is not utilized for them or is not being used for them or is not benefitting them then the citizens get reluctant to pay tax.
  2. LAFFER Curve explains that when the Tax rate is too high or is higher than the Optimum tax rates then the Citizen get reluctant to pay the taxes at such higher rates.

3) What is ISS ( International Space Station )

The International Space Station is a large spacecraft. It orbits around Earth. It is a home where astronauts live. The space station is also a science lab. Many countries worked together to build it. They also work together to use it. The space station is made of many pieces.

The pieces were put together in space by astronauts. The space station’s orbit is approximately 250 miles above Earth. NASA uses the station to learn about living and working in space. 

The first piece of the International Space Station was launched in 1998. A Russian rocket launched that piece. After that, more pieces were added. Two years later, the station was ready for people. The first crew arrived on November 2, 2000. People have lived on the space station ever since. Over time more pieces have been added. NASA and its partners around the world finished the space station in 2011.

The International Space Station is a modular space station in low Earth orbit. It is a multinational collaborative project involving five participating space agencies: NASA, Roscosmos, JAXA, ESA, and CSA(Canadian Space agency). The ownership and use of the space station is established by intergovernmental treaties and agreements.

4) All About Chilika Lake :- It is Asia’s largest and world’s second-largest brackish water lagoon after The New Caledonian barrier reef.

A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by a narrow landform, such as reefs, barrier islands, barrier peninsulas, or isthmuses.
It has been listed as Ramsar Site as well as a tentative UNESCO World Heritage site.

In 1981, Chilika Lake has designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.

In 1993, Chilika Lake was also listed in Montreux Record due to problem of siltation. Later in 2002, it was removed from the list as the problem of siltation was tackled by Govt. of India. Chilika Development Authority received Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award for 2002.

Physical Features:

Chilika is 64 kilometres long in the north-south direction and 13.5 km wide in the east-west direction.
It is spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Odisha.
It is located at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal, covering an area of over 1,100 km2.

Significance:

It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian sub-continent and is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals.

Major attraction at Chilika is:-
Irrawaddy dolphins are often spotted off Satapada Island.
Kalijai Temple – Located on an island in Chilika Lake.
Nalabana Island (Forest of Reeds) covering about 16 sq km in the lagoon area was declared a bird sanctuary in 1987.

Process of Formation:-

The process of the formation of the Chilika might have begun in the latter part of the Pleistocene epoch, around 20,000 years ago.

India’s peninsular river Mahanadi carried a heavy load of silt and dumped part of it at its delta.

As the sediment-laden river met the Bay of Bengal, sand bars were formed near its mouth.

These created a backflow of the seawater into the sluggish fresh water at the estuary, resulting in the huge brackish water lake.

5) AAI ( Airport Authority of India ) : The Airports Authority of India was established in 1995 under the Ministry of Civil Aviation by the Airports Authority of India Act, 1994. As a result, it is a statutory entity.

The AAI is responsible for the development, enhancement, maintenance, and management of India’s civil aviation infrastructure.

The AAI’s primary responsibility is to provide Air Traffic Management (ATM) services over Indian Territory airspace and adjacent marine areas.

It also offers CNS (Communication Navigation Surveillance).

It is in charge of developing, managing, maintaining, and upgrading the country’s aviation infrastructure. The AAI is in charge of international airports, domestic airports, customs airports, and civil enclaves on defense airfields.

The Airports Authority of India has its headquarters in New Delhi.

AAI manages 125 airports, including 18 international airports, 07 customs airports, 78 domestic airports, and 26 civil enclaves on military bases.

Editorial of the Day in Shorts

Editorial Lead : No ovation for India’s stand on the Ukraine war

Author says that India’s Stand of Supporting Russia in Ukraine War is not a Good move.

Reasons Why Author Say So ? :-

  1. This does not go well with other nations of the world ex. America and other European Nations will not take it positively.
  2. Suppose in Future India needs such help then he world will remember India’s Choices.
  3. Author says India wants to portray itself as VISHWAGURU vut instances like these contradict that.
  4. As per Author earlier in the Nehruvian time that was USSR that supported India but now this is Russia and it has moved closer towards China and Pakistan.
  5. Author says not voting against the wrong doings of Russia is Unethical.

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