15 June 2023 The Hindu Newspaper Analysis

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Questions for the Day :-

1. Cholederm, often seen in the news, is associated with which of the following?

  • a.  A product developed by DRDO to get rid of germs in skin
  • b.  A wound healing material
  • c.  First indigenously developed cultured meat
  • d. It is class B medical device approved recently by CDSCO

2. Consider the following pairs

      Cyclones                       Region of formation

  1. Asani                     –       Arabian sea
  2. Mocha                   –       Bay of Bengal
  3. Biparjoy               –       Arabian sea
  4. Sitrang                 –       Bay of Bengal

How many of the pairs given above are correct?

  • a.  Only one
  • b.  Only two 
  • c.  Only three
  • d. All four

Cyclone Asani

  • Region – Bay of Bengal.
  • It is the first cyclone of 2022 formed in the North Indian Ocean region.
  • The name was suggested by Sri Lanka meaning “wrath” in Sinhala.

3. Consider the following statements with respect to Global Slavery Index 2023.

  1. The index is released by the International Labour Organization (ILO).
  2. India ranks among the top 10 in worst offenders list in the index.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d. Neither 1 nor 2

Credits:- Ias Parliament

Prelims Specific News Items

1. Cholederm

Indian Drugs Controller approves first indigenously developed animal-derived tissue, named cholederm

  • Cholederm is a wound healing material derived from the extracellular matrix of de-cellularised gall bladder of pig.
  • It is a Class D Biomedical Device material.
  • Indigenous one – It is the first indigenously developed product to all statutory requirements of the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation.

2. The Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO)

  • The CDSCO is the national regulatory body for pharmaceuticals and medical devices in India.
  • Ministry – Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India is the National Regulatory Authority (NRA) of India.
  • Headquarters – New Delhi
  • Under the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, CDSCO is responsible for approval of drugs, conduct of clinical trials, laying down the standards for drugs, control over the quality of imported drugs in the country.
  • CDSCO along with state regulators, is jointly responsible for grant of licenses of certain specialized categories of critical drugs such as blood and blood products, I. V. fluids, vaccine and sera.
  • The Drug Controller General of India (DCGI), which is an organ of the CDSCO, is responsible for approving and licensing of drugs and medical devices.

3. Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI), 2023

A recently released UNDP report says Prejudices against women didn’t reduce in last decade, 90% people still hold gender bias.

  • Index – It is released by United Nations Development Programme(UNDP).
  • It quantifies biases against women, capturing people’s attitudes on women’s roles along four key dimensions— political, educational, economic and physical integrity.
  • Findings – The index, covering 85% of the global population, reveals that close to 9 out of 10 men and women hold fundamental biases against women.
  • Gender social norms have persisted for centuries and are pronounced in countries with lower and higher Human Development Index (HDI).

4. The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi has expressed happiness on the organization of the first Janjatiya Khel Mahotsav at the Kalinga Institute of Social Sciences, Bhubaneswar.

The Prime Minister called the games a huge beginning and acknowledged the role of the tribal players in bringing laurels for the country.

5. SGBs

The SGBs will be sold through Scheduled Commercial banks (except Small Finance Banks, Payment Banks and Regional Rural Banks), Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), Clearing Corporation of India Limited (CCIL), designated post offices, and recognised stock exchanges viz., National Stock Exchange of India Limited and Bombay Stock Exchange Limited. The features of the Bond are as under:

6. Serbia – Kosovo Dispute

Why are Serbia and Kosovo at odds?

Kosovo is a mainly ethnic Albanian populated territory that was formerly a province of Serbia. It declared independence in 2008.

Serbia has refused to recognize Kosovo’s statehood and still considers it part of Serbia, even though it has no formal control there.

Kosovo’s independence has been recognized by about 100 countries, including the United States. Russia, China and five European Union nations have sided with Serbia. The deadlock has kept tensions simmering and prevented full stabilization of the Balkan region after the bloody wars in the 1990s.

What’s the latest flare-up about?

After Serbs boycotted last month’s local elections held in northern Kosovo, where Serbs represent a majority, newly elected ethnic Albanian mayors moved into their offices with the help of Kosovo’s riot police.

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