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15th April Current Affairs Notes

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Natanz Nuclear Complex, often seen in the news recently, is one of the main uranium enrichment plants of which of the following countries?

a.   Iraq

b.   Pakistan

c.   North Korea

d.   None of the above ( Its in Iran )

2)Umngot River, sometimes seen in the news recently, is located in which of the following states?

a.   Meghalaya

b.   Chhattisgarh

c.   Himachal Pradesh

d.   Arunachal Pradesh

3)Which of the following states have rolled out Advanced Antiquities Management System?

a.   Punjab

b.   Karnataka

c.   Gujarat

d.   Goa

Map of the Day : Iran

1)The International Monetary Fund recently released its World Economic Outlook report. Under its report, IMF has downgraded the forecasts for the South East Asian economies. On the other hand, it has been more optimistic about Asia-Pacific and Global economies. 

2)NITI Aayog recently launched Poshan Gyan along with the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the Centre for Social and Behaviour Change, Ashoka University.

Poshan Gyan is a National Digital Repository on health and nutrition. Poshan Gyan Poshan Gyan is basically an online resource for any person working in nutrition sector

3)Currency Chests are places where RBI (Reserve Bank of India) stocks money meant for banks and ATMs. The Currency Chests are located in different banks and are administered by the Reserve Bank of India.

4)The Union Minister Shri Piyush Goyal recently launched a e-commerce platform called “e-Santa” for marine products. The main aim of the platform is to empower aqua farmers. 

About eSanta:– The farmers can sell their produce in eSanta portal. It is a bridge between the buyers and the farmers. The eSanta portal eliminates the necessity of middlemen.

NaCSA:-National Centre for Sustainable Aquaculture is an arm of Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) that operates under Ministry of Commerce and Industry. The main objective of NaCSA is to encourage and uplift small and marginal farmers through organisation of clusters and also by adopting best practices in shrimp culture.

5)The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare Dr Harsh Vardhan recently launched “Mission Aahaar Kranti”. The mission aims to spread the message of the importance of nutritionally balanced diet. It will also promote the importance of accessibility to local fruits and vegetables.

The Mission is designed to address the major problem faced by India and the world, which is, “Hunger and Diseases in Abundance”.

India produces two times the amount of calories it consumes. Still, several people are malnourished in the country.

The mission is also co-launched by the Vijnana Bharti and Global Scientists and Technocrats Forum.

The motto of the mission is “Good Diet-Good Cognition”.

6) About FASTags : The FASTag is a reloadable tag that allows automatic deduction of toll without having to stop for carrying out the cash transaction. The tag uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology and is fixed on the windscreen of the vehicle once active.

NOTE:- Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) is the use of radio waves to read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object.  A tag can be read from up to several feet away and does not need to be within direct line-of-sight of the reader to be tracked.

The tag is valid for five years and comes in seven different colours — violet, orange, yellow, green, pink, blue, black. Each colour is assigned to a particular category of vehicles.

It was rolled out in April 2016,  and the Government made it mandatory from December 1, 2017 for all new cars and trucks to be fitted with a FASTag before they were sold.

To encourage the use of FASTags, the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) refunds 5% of the total monthly transactions.

Indian Highways Management Company Limited (IHMCL) (a company incorporated by National Highways Authority of India) and National Payment Corporation of India (NPCI) are implementing this program.

FASTag is presently operational at both, national and state highways.

Benefits:- Ease of payment – No need to carry cash for the toll transactions, saves time.
Near non-stop movement of vehicles leading to lower fuel cost.

Other benefits are:

Environmental benefit  : reduced air pollution, reduced use of paper.                                          
Social benefit : reduced toll payment hassles ,analytics for better highway management.
Economic benefit : reduced effort in management at toll plaza, reduced effort in monitoring centrally.

7) Alan Turing Law :- The U.K. passed the Alan Turing law in 2017, which grants amnesty and pardon to those convicted of consensual same sex relationships. The law is named after Alan Turing, the computer scientist who was instrumental in cracking intercepted coded messages during World War II and was convicted of gross indecency in 1952.

The Alan Turing law provides not only a posthumous pardon but also an automatic formal pardon for living people.

8)Raisina Dialogues : The Raisina Dialogue (Rāyasīnā Saṃvāda) is a multilateral conference held annually in New Delhi, India. Since its inception in 2016, the conference has emerged as India’s flagship conference on geopolitics and geo-economics.

The conference is hosted by the Observer Research Foundation, an independent think tank, in collaboration with the Ministry of External Affairs of India.

ORF was formed in 1990.

It is designed on the lines of Singapore’s Shangri-La Dialogue.

9)Denmark announced it would stop using the AstraZeneca COVID19 vaccine altogether, becoming the first European country to do so over suspected rare but serious side-effects.

10) Paris Call : The Paris Call for Trust and Security in Cyberspace of 12 November 2018 is a call to come together to face the new threats endangering citizens and infrastructure.

It is based around nine common principles to secure cyberspace, which act as as many areas for discussion and action.

The Paris Call invites all cyberspace actors to work together and encourage States to cooperate with private sector partners, the world of research and civil society. The supporters of the Paris Call commit to working together to adopt responsible behaviour and implement within cyberspace the fundamental principles which apply in the physical world.

The Paris Call was sent in 2018 by the President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron, during the Internet Governance Forum held at UNESCO and the Paris Peace Forum.

9 Principles are there :-

  • Principle 1. Protect individuals and infrastructure. …
  • Principle 2. Protect the Internet. …
  • Principle 3. Defend electoral processes. …
  • Principle 4. Defend intellectual property. …
  • Principle 5. Non-proliferation. …
  • Principle 6. Lifecycle security. …
  • Principle 7. Cyber hygiene. …
  • Principle 8. No private hack back

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