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16 April 2021 The Hindu Newspaper Analysis

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Consider the following statements with respect to Poshan Gyan

  1. The mission aimed to create awareness about the importance of nutritionally balanced diet and local fruits and vegetables.
  2. It was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.   1 only

b.   2 only

c.   Both 1 and 2

d.   Neither 1 nor 2

2)Consider the following statements with respect to Raisina Dialogue, 2021

  1. It is India’s informal strategic dialogue with the United States, Japan, Australia and India.
  2. The theme for the 2021 Edition is Viral World: Outbreaks, Outliers and Out of Control.
  3. It will be jointly organised by the Ministry of External Affairs and the Observer Research Foundation (ORF).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.   2 only

b.   3 only

c.   2 and 3 only

d.   None of the above

3)Gyanvapi Mosque in Varanasi was constructed during the reign of which of the following ruler?

a.   Muhammad-Bin-Tughlaq

b.   Akbar

c.   Alla-ud-din Khilji

d.   Aurangzeb

1)The Principal Scientific Advisor to Government of India recently launched a mobile application to promote the mental wellbeing of the people of India. It is called the MANAS App

About the MANAS App:- MANAS stands for Mental Health and Normalcy Augmentation System. It is a comprehensive and national digital wellbeing platform. 

The MANAS app was jointly executed by NIMHANS Bengaluru, C-DAC, AFMC. However, it was mainly developed by C-DAC (Centre for Development of Advanced Computing).

2)Gyanvapi Mosque came up in 1669 after Mughal emperor Aurangzeb pulled down a portion of the 2,000-year-old Kashi Vishwanath Temple

The Varanasi court’s order upends the Places of Worship Act of 1991, which declared that “the religious character of a place of worship existing on August 15, 1947, shall continue to be the same as it existed on that date” and that “no suit, appeal or other proceeding with respect to … such matter shall lie on or after such commencement in any court, tribunal or other authority.”

3)A brief History of collegium:-

The ‘First Judges Case’ (1981) ruled that the “consultation” with the CJI in the matter of appointments must be full and effective. However, it rejected the idea that the CJI’s opinion, albeit carrying great weight, should have primacy. After First Judges Case Executive was Supreme in selection.

The Second Judges Case (1993) introduced the Collegium system, holding that “consultation” really meant “concurrence”. It added that it was not the CJI’s individual opinion, but an institutional opinion formed in consultation with the two senior-most judges in the Supreme Court. On a Presidential Reference for its opinion, the Supreme Court,

in the Third Judges Case (1998) expanded the Collegium to a five-member body, comprising the CJI and four of his senior-most colleagues.

4) About ISRO :- ISRO is the space agency under the Department of Space of Government of India, headquartered in the city of Bengaluru, Karnataka.

Its vision is to harness space technology for national development, while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration.

The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was set up by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai in 1962 to formulate the Indian Space Programme.

Incospar was converted to Isro in 1969.

Why in News:- ISRO case: SC asks CBI to look into panel reportThe Supreme Court ordered the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) to look into the Justice D.K. Jain Committee report on senior Kerala police officials who allegedly framed space scientist Nambi Narayanan in the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) espionage case of 1994.

5)What are the Grey Zone Tactics : By replacing overt military aggression with soft provocations – kept well below the threshold of open warfare – aggressors attempt to leverage asymmetry, ambiguity and incrementalism for strategic effects. 

Means no open warfare but continuous provocations in order to exhaust the opposition.

Why in News :- China tried to change the status quo in Eastern Ladakh by the use of disruptive technologies
without using force, and thought that India as a nation would “succumb” to the pressure due to its technological
advantage.

6)Centre eases guidelines for OCI cardholders :- The Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) will not be required to register for a fresh OCI card every time a new passport is issued in their name, the Home Ministry said.

What are the Changes :-

  • A person who has got registration as OCI cardholder prior to attaining the age of 20 years will have to get the OCI card reissued only once when a new passport is issued after his/her completing 20 years of age, so as to capture his/her facial features on attaining adulthood.
  • If a person has obtained registration as OCI cardholder after attaining the age of 20 years, there will be no requirement of reissue of the OCI card,” the Ministry said.
  • It added that the details of the new passports obtained by the OCI cardholder can be uploaded online within three months of receiving the passport. “
  • It has been decided that he/she shall upload a copy of the new passport containing his/her photo and also a latest photo on the online OCI portal, each time a new passport is issued up to 20 years of age and once after completing 50 years of age,”.

7)WPI AND CPI :-

Wholesale Price Index WPI (Only For Goods):- It is the most widely used inflation indicator in India. Published by the Office of Economic Adviser, Ministry of Commerce and Industry. All transactions at the first point of bulk sale in the domestic market are included. Major criticism for this index is that the general public does not buy products at wholesale price. The base year of All-India WPI has been revised from 2004-05 to 2011-12 in 2017.

Consumer Price Index CPI (Both goods and services) :-

It measures price changes from the perspective of a retail buyer.

It measures changes over time in the level of retail prices of selected goods and services on which consumers of a defined group spend their incomes.

Four types of CPI are as follows:

  1. CPI for Industrial Workers (IW).
  2. CPI for Agricultural Labourer (AL).
  3. CPI for Rural Labourer (RL).
  4. CPI (Rural/Urban/Combined).

Of these, the first three are compiled by the Labour Bureau in the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Fourth is compiled by the Central Statistical Organisation (CSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

Base Year for CPI is 2012.

WPI components             weight

Manufactured Products  Internal weight: Chemical >metal > food 64.97

Primary Articles  internal weight:Food > Nonfood > Mineral 20.12

Fuel & Power  internal weight: Mineral oil > Electricity >Coal 14.91

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