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01 Oct 2021 The Hindu Newspaper Analysis Video

Questions :-

1) Financial Inclusion Index, is released by which of the following organization?

Answer – Reserve Bank of India

2) With reference to PM CARE Fund, consider the following statements:

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Answer – Neither 1 nor 2

3) TKS Nair Committee, Raman Puri Committee, seen in news, is related to which of the following:

Answer – Defence Reforms

Prelims Specific News Items –

1) WHO releases new roadmap to defeat meningitis

Recently, World Health Organization (WHO) and its partners launched the first-ever global strategy to defeat meningitis. Meningitis is a debilitating disease that kills hundreds of thousands of people each year.

What is the aim of the strategy?

What is meningitis?

Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. It is predominantly caused by bacterial and viral infection. Meningitis caused by bacterial infection causes around 250,000 deaths a year and can lead to fast-spreading epidemics.

Is there any vaccine to protect against meningitis?

Several vaccines protect against meningitis, including meningococcal, Haemophilus influenzae type b and pneumococcal vaccines. But not all communities have access to them. Many countries are yet to introduce them into their national programmes.

Research is underway to develop vaccines for other causes of meningitis, such as Group B Strep bacteria.  

2)Landsat 9: NASA’s ‘new eye in the sky’ that will help study climate change

What is the news?

Recently, a NASA satellite was successfully launched the earth monitoring satellite, Landsat 9. It is a joint mission of NASA and the US Geological Survey (USGS).

The first Landsat satellite was launched in 1972. Since then, Landsat satellites have collected images of our planet and helped understand how land usage has changed over the decades. Images have also been used to study the health of forests, coral reefs, monitor water quality and melting glaciers.

How is Landsat 9 diff from prev Landsats?

Landsat 9 carries instruments similar to the other Landsat satellites, but it is the most technologically advanced satellite of its generation. It can see more colour shades with greater depths than the previous satellites. It can help scientists capture more details about our ever-changing planet.

What is the significance of LanSat?

 Landsat 9 will help make science-based decisions on key issues such as impacts of wildfire, coral reef degradation, the retreat of glaciers, and deforestation.

How will the satellite help monitor climate change?

3) NASA’s Lucy mission to probe Jupiter’s mysterious Trojan asteroids

Important news :-

1) China can join Quad initiatives’ –

The Quad is a partnership among “like-minded” countries and is not ‘designed’ to be a security alliance, said Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison who argued that even China is welcome to contribute to the objective of ensuring a free and open Indo-Pacific.

2) NEET: OCI candidates can appear in general category –

The Supreme Court on Thursday permitted Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) candidates to participate in the NEET-UG 2021 counselling in the general category.

Non Resident Indian – An NRI is an Indian citizen residing abroad.

What is OCI –

3) More time to renew FCRA registration-

Registered NGOs can receive foreign contribution for five purposes — social, educational, religious, economic and cultural.

All About FCRA –

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 2010

4) Core sector grew 11.6% in August –

The eight core industries — coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertilisers, steel, cement and electricity — comprise 40.27 percent of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).

5) India, Australia to conclude free trade pact by end 2022: Tehan  (#GS2 #GS3)

India and Australia agreed on Thursday to conclude a Free Trade Agreement (FTA) by end 2022, with an interim agreement that will be finalized by this Christmas, said Australian Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment Dan Tehan after meeting Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal.

“The economic partnership will cover trade in services and goods, investments and we will begin discussing government procurement, energy and resources, logistics and transport, standards, rules of origin,”

The bilateral trade could double from the current level of A$26 billion once a full-fledged

FTA is in place.

What is FTA ?

A free trade agreement is a pact between two or more nations to reduce barriers to imports and exports among them. Under a free trade policy, goods and services can be bought and sold across international borders with little or no government tariffs, quotas, subsidies, or prohibitions to inhibit their exchange.

The details of countries with which India has entered into Free Trade Agreements (FTA) are given below:

  1. India – Bhutan Agreement on Trade, Commerce and Transit
  2. Indo-Nepal Treaty of Trade
  3. India – Sri Lanka FTA
  4. Agreement on South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) (India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives and Afghanistan)
  5. India – Thailand FTA – Early Harvest Scheme (EHS)
  6. India – Singapore Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA)
  7. India – South Korea Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA)
  8. India – ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam)
  9. India – Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreemen
  10. India – Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement

India has signed Preferential Trade Agreement (limited tariff lines with Margin of Preference i.e. percentage of Tariff concession) with the following countries:

  1. Asia Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) (Bangladesh, China, India, Lao PDR, Republic of Korea, and Sri Lanka)
  2. Global System of Trade Preferences (G S T P) (Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil, Cameroon, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Ecuador, Egypt, Ghana, Guinea, Guyana, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Malaysia, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Romania, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Tanzania, Venezuela, Viet Nam, Yugoslavia, Zimbabwe)
  3. India – Afghanistan PTA
  4. India – MERCOSUR PTA
  5. India – Chile PTA

6) Adani signs $700mn deal for Lanka port-

Adani Group signed a more than $700million agreement with the Sri Lanka Ports Authority (SLPA) and conglomerate John Keells Holdings, becoming the largest foreign investor in the island nation’s ports sector.

The three parties signed a build-operate-transfer agreement spanning 35 years to jointly develop a container terminal at Colombo Port, the SLPA said.

The Adani group and its local partner will together bring in 85% of the investment in the West Container Terminal, while SLPA will hold the remaining 15% stake, port officials said.

7) Hidden debt rising for partners of China’s BRI plan –

8) Rohingya leader killed in Bangladesh –

Who are Rohingyas?

Editorial – Important Articles

1) At the Quad, forming habits of cooperation : #GS2

Context of the Editorial –

The Washington summit added new areas of collaboration: infrastructure; cybersecurity and space; education and people-to-people relations.

Practical cooperation

Quad Working Groups

The three working groups on vaccines, climate and emerging technologies established last March, have reported progress. On vaccines, the Quad stands committed to donate over 1.2 billion doses globally

2) Should universities avoid teaching controversial texts?

Context of the Editorial –

Kannur University has decided to retain lessons on the works of V.D. Savarkar and M.S. Golwalkar — Hindutva: Who is a Hindu? by Savarkar and A Bunch of Thoughts by Golwalkar — in the post-graduate course, Governance and Politics, after a controversy erupted over the texts in the syllabus.

“Ideas should be fought with ideas; ideas cannot be banned.”

Violation of 3 Fundamental Principles-

This cartoon appeared when both Nehru and Ambedkar were alive. Neither of them had any problems with the cartoon. There is a famous quote of Nehru’s where he tells Shankar, the cartoonist, not to spare him. This is the kind of democratic spirit with which India began its journey as an independent nation.

3) Making parties constitutional –

Context of the Editorial –

A political party is an organised group of citizens who hold common views on governance and act as a political unit that seeks to obtain control of government with a view to further the agenda and policy they profess. 

Political parties have extralegal growth in almost every democratic country.

Sir Ivor Jennings, in The British Constitution, opined that “a realistic survey of the British Constitution today must begin and end with parties and discuss them at length in the middle”. Similarly, political parties in India are extra-constitutional, but they are the breathing air of the political system.

The German model

The Basic Law of the Federal Republic of Germany (1949) gives constitutional status to political parties. Article 21 of the Basic Law deals with their status, rights, duties and functions.

What it provides:

Political parties in developed nations maintain high levels of internal democracy. In the U.K., the Conservative Party has the National Conservative Convention as its top body. It has a Central Council and an Executive Committee. 

The Indian Constitution is the one of the longest Constitutions in the world. It even elaborately deals with the co-operative societies. The right to form co-operative societies is a fundamental right under Article 19 (1)(c), but the right to form political parties is not. It is astonishing that such a meticulous Constitution overlooked political parties, the vital players in the political system, for constitutional regulation.

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