The Hindu Newspaper 10/06/2020

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Consider the following statements with respect to Adjournment Motion

  1. It only terminates a sitting of the House and not a session of the House.
  2. Rajya Sabha is not permitted to make use of this device.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

  • Adjournment Motion is introduced in the Parliament to draw attention of the House to a definite matter of urgent public importance, and needs the support of 50 members to be admitted.
  • As it interrupts the normal business of the House, it is regarded as an extraordinary device.
  • It involves an element of censure against the government and hence Rajya Sabha is not permitted to make use of this device.
  • The discussion on an adjournment motion should last for not less than two hours and thirty minutes.
  • Recently, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has suggested to the Member of Parliaments not to move adjournment motions in the House if there is no urgency, because such practice hamper the productivity of Parliament.
  • Adjournment is different from the Adjournment Motion

State of the Education Report for India: Children with Disabilities 2019 was published recently by?

  • a.  UNESCO
  • b.  NITI Aayog
  • c.  Union Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment
  • d.  None of the above

Answer : a

Tapan Ray Committee sometimes seen in the news recently was constituted for which of the following purposes?

  • a.  To suggest for revamping of PM National Disaster Relief Fund
  • b.  To study issues in the Prevention of Money Laundering Act
  • c.  To review the framework for Core Investment Companies
  • d.  None of the above

Answer : c

  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has set up a working group to review the regulatory and supervisory framework for core investment companies (CIC).
  • The group will be headed by Tapan Ray, non-executive chairman, Central Bank of India and former Secretary in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

News:- India, China agree to ease standoff

Patrolling Point 14 (Galwan valley), PP 15 (114 Brigade area) and PP 17 (Hot Springs)

News: Migrants should not be prosecuted: SC

Many cases were against the migrants who broke the lockdown law and marched towards their home. Cases were registered against them under Section 51 of the DM Act 2005, 1 year imprisonment or fine or both.

S.c gave the judgement that States and centre should withdraw the cases. As they marched to save themselves from hunger.

News:- Twitter to test snappier ‘fleets’ in India

Just like whatsapp & fb, twitter is also planning to release snappier fleets which will be like whatsapp status , available for 24 hours.

News:- Top IITs and IISc slip in global rankings 

Name of the ranking : QS ranking of Higher education universities.

In which Parameters India has performed badly :-

Out of 6 parameters , India performed poorly in ratio of international faculty and students. Also in faculty-student ratio, because we only  count  full time faculty, whereas American universities  include  Ph.D. students who are  teaching or research assistants.

IIT Bombay still maintains its position as the top  institution in India in the QS rankings, but has slipped 20 places from 152 to 172 in the global list. IISc overtook IIT Delhi  to make  it to the second place, but still dropped a rank to 185. IIT Delhi fell more than 10 places in the rankings to 193 rank, while IIT Madras is at 275. Both IIT Kharagpur and IIT Kanpur crashed out of the top 300. 

News:- BEML’s internal data, staff email IDs hacked, leaked on dark web

The company targeted, BEML, previously known as Bharat Earth Movers Limited, is headquartered in Bengaluru, and has several crucial business verticals such as defence products, high mobility vehicles,  Indian railway products and Metro rail cars.

The leak was discovered by Cyble Inc, a global cyber intelligence agency founded by cyber expert Beenu Arora.  Cyble Inc researchers said the threat actor who put the data out on the darkweb, R3dr0x, seems to be a Pakistani hacker.

Editorial of the Day : – The anatomy of anti-black racism

Is mere Colour of Skin sufficient for Racism : As per author No, Since in Indian mythology even krishna is called as Shyama vaRna, (Dark coloured) , mere colour does not guarantee Racism , the concept is much broader than that.

What is the Idea of Race :- when specific bodily features (colour, shape of nose, eye,lips) are  permanently clumped together and human beings are classified in terms of these distinct biological clusters, and if, further, it is believed that these shared features are inter-generationally transmitted, then we possess the idea of race, i.e. a group with a common biological descent

When does the Race converts to racism :- This gets converted to Racism when we try to judge the Persons, their Behaviour, their Morals, ethics and activities based on their biological descent or origin or race. When stereotypes are made that a particular type of people behave in a particular manner and when Hierarchies develop where people from one origin are taken as superior to other , then this is Racism.

Racism Examples: – I) In Germany, the discrimination against Jews or Anti-Semitism was the prevalent example.

Ii) In America , Discrimination against the afro-americans .

Instances of Racial Discrimination in USA :- The United State snow has the highest rate of incarceration in the world, surpassing those in highly repressive regimes such as China  and  Iran. The figures related to African-Americans are shocking. In several States,  they  are  10 times more likely to go to prison than whites. 

According to the Death Penalty information Center of the U.S.,between 1976-2019, black defendants  sentenced to death for killing whites numbered 291, while white defendants killing blacks were only 21, a staggering figure close to 14 times more!

way forward :- Only apeaceful movement to end  institutionalised racism, with both blacks and white participants, quite like the recent protests after Floyd’s murder, can break the back of this evil.

Factual News of the Day :-

 ARPIT: Airborne Rescue Pod for Isolated Transportation by Indian Air Force :- The Indian Air Force recently developed Airborne Rescue Pod for Isolated Transportation (ARPIT). The pod is to be used to evacuate critical patients that are suffering from COVID-19.

The Indian Air Force identified the need for an air evacuation system that will prevent the spread of infectious aerosols from the COVID-19 patients during air travel. This has now been fulfilled by ARPIT.

The ARPIT uses HEPA, High frequency Particulate Air H 13 filters to support invasive ventilation.

India’s first Online Waste Exchange launched:- The Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Jagan Mohan Reddy launched the first online waste exchange programme. The programme was launched for safe disposal of toxic wastes and promote recycling and reuse of toxic wastes.

The online waste exchange programme was launched on the occasion of World Environment day. The platform is to track, audit, scrutinize the waste and encourage proper utilization of the waste.

State of India’s Environment Report:-The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) has released the State of India’s Environment, 2020 report. The CSE also publishes the environment magazine called Down to Earth.

According to the report, around 19 major events have claimed 1,357 lives in 2019. More than 50 lakh internal displacements have occurred in India in India in 2019. This is the highest in the world according to the report. One on five internal displacements caused by disasters in the world were in India.

Javed Akhtar: First Indian to receive Richard Dawkins Award:- Javed Akhtar has become the first Indian to receive the Richard Dawkins award.

Javed Akhtar is a renowned lyricist in the Indian film industry. He was awarded Padma Shri in 1999. He has also won the Sahitya Akademi award and Padma Bhushan.

The award is presented by the Atheist Alliance of America (an NGO). The awards are presented to those distinguished individuals that come from the world of scholarship, science, education or environment and proclaim values of rationalism, secularism upholding scientific truth.

Environment Performance Index: India ranks 168:- The Yale University recently released the biennial Environment Performance Index. India scored 168th rank out of 180 countries.

Editorial :

Climate-Change – The looming crises 

Source – The Hindu

Syllabus – GS 3 – Disaster and disaster management

Context – Like COVID response, Climate Change also needs coordinated and unprecedented response from all countries

  1. Climate Change– Climate change refers to the increasing changes in the measures of climate over a long period of time – including precipitation, temperature, and wind patterns.

Global warming – Global warming is just one aspect of climate change. In fact, they say that global warming refers to the rise in global temperatures due mainly to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

  1. Causes of Global Warming– The main cause is increase in greenhouse gases which is result of burning of fossil fuels at unprecedented rate and deforestation at faster rate for sake of development.

Figure 1 – Major greenhouse gases in atmosphere

Figure 2- Rising level of CO2 since 800,000 years ago

  1. Relevant Facts
  1. Level of CO2– 408 parts per million in 2018 as compared to 280 parts per million of pre-industrial era
  2. Increase in Temperature– 1 degree Celsius increase by 2015 as compared to past 100 years.

Figure 3- Global temperature increase

4.Effects of Climate Change

  1. Drought and floods in excess– Warmer conditions will probably lead to more evaporation and precipitation overall, but individual regions will vary, some becoming wetter and others dryer.
  2. Rise in seal level– A stronger greenhouse effect will warm the oceans and partially melt glaciers and other ice, increasing sea level. Ocean water also will expand if it warms, contributing further to sea level rise.
  3. Change in Crop cycle– Some crops and other plants may respond favorably to increased atmospheric CO2, growing more vigorously and using water more efficiently. At the same time, higher temperatures and shifting climate patterns may change the areas where crops grow best and affect the makeup of natural plant communities.
  4. Extinction of biodiversity– Animals, based on water as well as land are already facing 6th mass extinction due to the same.
  5. Issues associated with steps taken

Financial constraint– At the UN Climate Conference in 2009, the developed nations had pledged to provide $100 billion in aid each year by 2020 to the poorer countries for climate change mitigation and adaptation. In 2017, for which data are available, only $71 billion had been provided to poorer nations.

  • More focus on mitigation rather than adaptation – Mitigation is reducing climate change which involves reducing the flow of heat-trapping greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. Steps across nations, like reducing deforestation and substituting fossils with zero carbon based technology, are focussed on this only. Adaptation measures do not account for major steps taken.
  • Withdrawal of USA from its obligations under Paris Agreement – It has led to debates and counter-arguments on role of developed nation in fighting the climate change with principle of common but shared responsibility.

Way Forward – Technologists, economists and social scientists need to plan for a sustainable planet based on the principles of equity and climate justice within and across nations.

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