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22nd February 2021 Complete Current Affairs For Competitive Exams

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1)Consider the following statements.

  1. Maitri and Himadri are two Indian permanent stations in Antarctica.
  2. National Centre for Polar and Ocean Research (NCPOR) is the nodal agency for India’s scientific expeditions in Antarctica and the Arctic.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 2 only
c) Both 1 and 2
d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation :- Himadri is for Arctic.
Dakshin gangotri , Bharti and MAitri are for Antarctica.

2)Consider the following statements regarding Municipal Bonds.

  1. A municipal bond is a kind of debt instrument where investors offer loans to local governments.
  2. They are issued by civic bodies for specific projects and usually have a tenure of 10 years.
  3. In India, Municipal bonds were introduced for the first time under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) scheme.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 only
b) 1, 2
c) 1, 3
d) 1, 2, 3

3)An Agricultural produce market committee (APMC) is established by the

a) Local Government
b) Farmer Produce Organizations (FPOs)
c) State Government
d) Authorized Local area Vendors (ALAVs)

4)Invest India, set up in 2009, is a non-profit venture under the

a) Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade
b) Department of Finance
c) Department of Expenditure 
d) Ministry of External Affairs

Explanation :- The UNCTAD has declared ‘Invest India’ as winner of the 2020 United Nations Investment Promotion Award.

“Invest India” is the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency of India and act as the first point of reference for investors in India. It is a non-profit venture set up in 2009 under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India.

MAP of the Day :-

Trick to Remember :- RUDE Germany SELL POLAND & FINLAND

RU – Russia
DE- Denmark
Germany
S – Sweden
E – Estonia
L- Latvia
L- Lithuania
Poland
Finland

News:-

1) The Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) and the Greenstat Norway signed an agreement to set up the Centre of Excellence on Hydrogen. This agreement was signed some days after India unveiled its national hydrogen mission.

The Indian oil associated with the Greensat Norway with the aim of developing a Centre of Excellence on Hydrogen (CoE-H).

CoE-H was launched with the objective of facilitating the transfer and sharing of technology

Highlights:-

The National Hydrogen Mission was unveiled by the Indian government to accelerate their plans to generate the carbon-free fuel from renewable sources.

The government has also pledged in the Union Budget for 2021-22 to focus on generating hydrogen from the green power sources.

The government also pledged to build more diverse and efficient energy infrastructure.

2)The State Government of Rajasthan will identify new tourist points at Sambhar Salt Lake.

The Lake forms part of the desert circuit in the Centre’s Swadesh Darshan Scheme. The Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Tourism in 2014 -15 for integrated development of theme based tourist circuits in the country.

Location:- Situated about 80 km southwest of Jaipur, in east-central Rajasthan.

Salt Lake: It is the largest inland salt lake in India. It represents the depression of the Aravalli Range.

The lake’s salt supply was worked by the Mughal dynasty (1526–1857) and it was later owned jointly by the Jaipur and Jodhpur princely states.

Ramsar Site: It is a wetland of ‘international importance’ under the Ramsar Convention, declared in 1990. Also, being an extensive saline wetland, the depth of the lake also fluctuates from season to season. 

Rivers: It receives water from six rivers, namely Samaod, Khari, Mantha, Khandela, Medtha, and Roopangarh.

Vegetation: The vegetation present in the catchment area is mostly xerophytic type( requires less water ).

Xerophyte is a plant adapted for growth under dry conditions.

Fauna: Flamingoes, pelicans and the waterfowls are commonly sighted at the Sambhar Lake.

In 2019, almost 22,000 migratory birds died at the Lake due to avian botulism, a neuromuscular illness.

Other Nearby Places: Shakambari Devi temple, Sambhar Wildlife Sanctuary.

Rajasthan Government’s Latest Plan:

A “salt train”, which transported salt from the pans to a nearby refinery, will also be restarted.

New destinations around the lake, including salt museum, caravan park, bicycle track and gardens, will be finalised.

The illegal salt production in the lake will be stopped through action against unauthorised borewells and pipelines laid in the region, while encroachments on the land will be removed with the help of police.

News:- About UNESCAP – The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) is one of the five regional commissions under the jurisdiction of the United Nations Economic and Social Council.

The commission is composed of 53 Member States and nine Associate members, mostly from the Asia and Pacific regions.

In addition to countries in Asia and the Pacific, the commission’s members includes France, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Why UNESCAP in News :- A new report, titled Shaping a Sustainable Energy Future in Asia and the Pacific: A greener, more resilient and inclusive energy system, released on Monday by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) shows that energy demand reductions have mainly impacted fossil fuels and depressed oil and gas prices. Renewable energy development in countries across the region, such as China and India, continued at a healthy pace throughout 2020.

NEws:- Novak Djokovic won Australian Open 2021 and NAomi Osaka won in Women Singles

News:- All about IAEA :-
Set up as the world’s “Atoms for Peace” organization in 1957 within the United Nations family.

Reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.

Headquarters in Vienna, Austria.

Functions:

  • Works with its Member States and multiple partners worldwide to promote the safe, secure and peaceful use of nuclear technologies.
  • Seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.

Board of Governors:

22 member states (must represent a stipulated geographic diversity) — elected by the General Conference (11 members every year) – 2 year term.

  • At least 10 member states — nominated by the outgoing Board.
  • Board members each receive one vote.

Functions:

  • Recommendations to the General Conference on IAEA activities and budget.
  • Responsible for publishing IAEA standards.
  • Responsible for making most of the policy of the IAEA.
  • Appoints the Director General subject to General Conference approval.

Programs:

  1. Program of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT).
  2. Human Health Program.
  3. Water Availability Enhancement Project.
  4. International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles, 2000.

EDITORIAL-1 :-

Voice vote as constitutional subterfuge

Few Issues with the Parliament and the majority party mentioned :-

  • Passage of Bills by Voice Vote rather than Division Vote is defeating the purpose of the other house. Ex.- Farm Laws Bill and the recent Karnataka prevention of Slaughter and preservation of Cattle Bill.
  • No detailed discussions is happening now a days even on the most important of the bills which might have severe repercussions.
  • To Avoid the Upper House many Bills are passed as the Money Bill. This has happened in the Aadhar Bill Case.
  • Bills are not referred to Select Committees, this is not enriching for the Bill.

Importance of Rajya Sabha is waning because of such escape routes being used by the Government.

Rajya is though very important since it gives extra time to think about laws and bills of the country and that it prevents Hurried Legistlations.

EDITORIAL – 2

The blank pages in India’s online learning experience

Author highlights the issues in Education created by the Pandemic Covid-19.

  1. Issue of Infrastructure for example still many people don’t have mobile phones, Laptops etc to take benefit of the online education.
  2. There are 4 types of Divides mentioned by the Author :-
    SPATIAL DIVIDE – Urban vs Rural
    DIGITAL DIVIDE – Digital literacy
    GENDER DIVIDE – Male vs Female
    CLASS DIVIDE – Rich vs Poor

3. Girls were affected more since they had to do the household work too.

What Can be Done :-

1. Spending on the Education should be increased and 6% of GDP atleast should be invested.

2. Focus on Infrastructural issues , make sure internet reaches the villages.

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