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23 February 2021 Daily Current Affairs

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1) Regarding Money Bill, which is defined by Article 110 of the Constitution of India, consider the following statements:

  1. It can be introduced either in the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha.
  2. It can be introduced only by a minister.
  3. It can be introduced only on the recommendation of the President.
  4. It does not require the certification of the Speaker when transmitted to the Rajya Sabha, if it has originated in the Lok Sabha.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

(a) 3 and 4 only
(b) 2 and 3 only
(c) 1, 2 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2)In which one of the following States is Intanki Wildlife Sanctuary located?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh
(b) Manipur
(c) Meghalaya
(d) Nagaland

3)Consider the following statements:

  1. The first Defence Procurement Procedure (DPP) was promulgated in the year 2016.
  2. The Defence Acquisition Procedure (2020) stipulates 30 per cent higher indigenisation than DPP 2016.

Which of the given above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation : 1st DPP came in 2002 and the DPP 2020 has sought to increase indigenisation by 10% than 2016 level.

MAP OF THE DAY – IRAN

Important Learning From MAP of Iran :-

Countries Bordering IRAN :- Iran is bounded to the north by Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, and the Caspian Sea, to the east by Pakistan and Afghanistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq.

Important Deserts :- Dasht-e-kavir and Dasht-e-lut

Important Mountain Ranges :- Elburz

Strait of Hormuz– Between Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman

Chabahar Port Opens up to – Gulf of Oman.

Important Cities :- Banda-e-Abbas, Zahedan , Tabriz, Kerman

News:-

1)The state of Uttar Pradesh has become the first Indian State that has tabled the paperless budget. The State finance minister, Suresh Khanna presented the State Budget for 2021-2021 on February 22, 2021

2)The Chief Minister of Madhya Pradesh, Shivraj Singh Chouhan, has announced to rename the Hoshangabad city of MP as Narmadapuram. 

3)The World Day of Social Justice is observed on February 20 every year. The day is dedicated to advantages and issues which can be tackled by Social Justice. In the year 2021, the day was celebrated under Theme– “A call for social justice in the Digital Economy.” 

4)Saudi Arabia has opened up the armed forces for Women. Following the order, the female recruits can now trade their abayas for military uniforms.

5)All About FATF :-

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 on the initiative of the G7.

It is a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in various areas.

The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Paris.

Roles and functions:

  • Initially it was established to examine and develop measures to combat money laundering.
  • In October 2001, the FATF expanded its mandate to incorporate efforts to combat terrorist financing, in addition to money laundering.
  • In April 2012, it added efforts to counter the financing of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.

Composition:

The FATF currently comprises 37 member jurisdictions and 2 regional organisations, representing most major financial centres in all parts of the globe. It also has observers and associate members.

6)SC raps govt. for not replying to Jairam’s plea on RTI Act :- Jairam Ramesh filed an RTI on why Govt came out with amendments in the RTI Act and hampered the freedom of CIC and other IC’s.

What Were the amendments :-

ProvisionRTI Act, 2005RTI (Amendment) Bill, 2019
TermThe Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and Information Commissioners (ICs) (at the central and state level) will hold office for a term of five years. The Bill removes this provision and states that the central government will notify the term of office for the CIC and the ICs.
Quantum of SalaryThe salary of the CIC and ICs (at the central level) will be equivalent to the salary paid to the Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners, respectively. Similarly, the salary of the CIC and ICs (at the state level) will be equivalent to the salary paid to the Election Commissioners and the Chief Secretary to the state government, respectively.  The Bill removes these provisions and states that the salaries, allowances, and other terms and conditions of service of the central and state CIC and ICs will be determined by the central government. 
Deductions in SalaryThe Act states that at the time of the appointment of the CIC and ICs (at the central and state level), if they are receiving pension or any other retirement benefits for previous government service, their salaries will be reduced by an amount equal to the pension. Previous government service includes service under: (i) the central government, (ii) state government, (iii) corporation established under a central or state law, and (iv) company owned or controlled by the central or state government.The Bill removes these provisions.

News:- Maldives Parliament debates defence deal with India:- Maldives has inked the UTF Harbour Project with India.

India will be developing a Maldives National Defence Force Coast Guard Harbour at Sifvaru –Uthuru Thilafalhu(UTF), the pact for which was signed on Sunday. The pact was signed during Indian External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar’s two-day Maldives visit.

EDITORIAL 1 :- Dealing with the bigger neighbour, China

Here the Author First tells us about the Peace Agreements between India and China, They are as Follows :-

  1. The Agreement on the Maintenance of Peace and Tranquillity along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas-1993
  2. The Agreement Between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas- 1996;
  3. Protocol between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Modalities for the Implementation of Confidence Building Measures in the Military Field Along the Line of Actual Control in the India-China Border Areas – 2005
  4. Agreement between The Government of the Republic of lndia and The Government of the People’s Republic of China on the Establishment of a Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on lndia-China Border Affairs – 2012;
  5. Agreement between the Government of the Republic of India and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Border Defence Cooperation – 2013.

Now Author Says Why there agreements came after 1990 :- In April 1990, an Agreement on the Guidelines of Mutual Reduction of Forces and Confidence building in the Military Field in the Area of the SovietChinese Border was signed.

This committed the two governments to the reduction of military forces to the lowest level suited to normal good neighbourly relations on “an equal basis for mutual security”.

But the Russia and China agreement worked since the bigger power Russia wanted peace but that is not the case in India-China.

EDITORIAL -2 : Adding heft to diplomacy with some help from science

Author says Science and technology can be very helpful in developing a diplomacy policy for India and can assist in developing healthy relations with the neighbours.

Author shows this by the Vaccine Maitri Policy of India where India sent Vaccines to the countries like Brazil and Sri Lanka and many other.

At the start of the Pandemic too India Played a significant role in providing HCQ ( Hydroxy chloroquine) and Paracetamol tablets to nearly 150 Countries.

Author also says that India’s STP – 2003 and STIP -2013 both point out the role of International Science and Technology alliances for Diplomacy.

The time is ripe for young scientists from India to also know the India’s Foreign Policy objectives so that they can align their research too in that direction.

EDITORIAL – 3 :- Sedition lies in the effect, not in content

Author says that Sedition ( Sec. 124 A of the IPC ) has been misused again and again.

The Author mentions about the Kedar Nath Singh vs the State of Bihar ( 1962 Case ) where the SC upheld the Sedition act as a reasonable restriction under article 19 (2). The SC also made clear that a citizen has the right to say or write whatever she likes about the government, or its measures, by way of criticism or comments, as long as she does not incite people to violence against the government established by law or with the intention of creating public disorder.

The Author also highlights that recent reports, based on data from the National Crime Records Bureau. Between 2016 and 2019, the number of cases of sedition under Section 124A increased by 160%, while the rate of
conviction dropped to 3.3% in 2019 from 33.3% in 2016.

Thus the consequences are important to apply sedition and should not be used as is used in the present scenario.


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Navaanshoo Singh
Navaanshoo Singh
8 days ago

You are best sir ❤️

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