31 July 2021 Daily Current Affairs

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A Parliamentary System of Government is one in which

  1. All political parties in the Parliament are represented in the Government
  2. The Government is responsible to the Parliament and can be removed by it
  3. The Government is elected by the people and can be removed by them
  4. The Government is chosen by the Parliament but cannot be removed by it before completion of a fixed term

2) In the context of India, which one of the following is the characteristic appropriate for bureaucracy?

  •   An agency for widening the scope of parliamentary democracy
  • An agency for strengthening the structure of federalism
  • An agency for facilitating political stability and economic growth

An agency for the implementation of public policy

3) Rajya Sabha has equal powers with Lok Sabha in

  the matter of creating new All India Services

  amending the Constitution

  the removal of the government

  making cut motions

Map of the day

India and China Standoff was seen in these regions

Prelims Specific News Items

1) India’s 14 Tiger Reserves get Global CA/TS recognition :- What is the News?

Environment Minister has announced that 14 Tiger Reserves from India have received the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured | Tiger Standards (CA|TS).

Tiger Reserves that received Global CA|TS recognition:

India’s 14 tiger reserves that have received the accreditation of the Global Conservation Assured|Tiger Standards(CA|TS) are:

Manas, Kaziranga and Orang Tiger Reserve in Assam

Satpura, Kanha, and Panna in Madhya Pradesh

Pench in Maharashtra

Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar

Dudhwa in Uttar Pradesh

Sunderbans in West Bengal

Parambikulam in Kerala,

Bandipur Tiger Reserve of Karnataka

Mudumalai and Anamalai Tiger Reserve in Tamil Nadu

Note: The three most popular tiger reserves in terms of tourist visitors:  Corbett (Uttarakhand), Ranthambore (Rajasthan), and Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh) do not figure in the list of 14 Tiger Reserves to get CA/TS recognition.

 What is CA|TS?

CA|TS was officially launched in 2013. It has been developed by tiger and protected area experts.

Purpose: It is a set of criteria that allows tiger sites to check if their management will lead to successful tiger conservation.

It also sets minimum standards for effective management of target species and encourages the assessment of these standards in relevant conservation areas.

Other News Mentioned in the Article:

Status of Leopards, Co-predators, and Megaherbivores-2018 Report:

The Ministry of Environment has released this report. According to the report, in 2018, the number of leopards in tiger range states of India was 12,852.

This was a significant increase when compared to 2014 where the figure stood at 7,910 leopards.

States: A maximum of these leopards are found in Madhya Pradesh (3,421) followed by Karnataka (1,783), and Maharashtra (1,690).

2) Geo-imaging satellite “EOS-03” is scheduled for launch in third quarter of 2021 :-

What is the News?

Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) is scheduled to launch a geo-imaging satellite named “EOS-03” in the third quarter of 2021.

About EOS-03:

EOS-03 is a geo-imaging satellite for earth observation. The satellite is capable of imaging the whole country four-five times daily.

The satellite would enable near real-time monitoring of natural disasters like floods and cyclones.

In addition to natural disasters, the satellite would also enable monitoring of water bodies, crops, vegetation conditions, and forest cover changes.

Other Facts Mentioned in the Article:

About Small Satellite Launch Vehicle(SSLV):

SSLV is a small-lift launch vehicle being developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

Features: They are cost-effective, three-stage, all-solid launch vehicles with a payload capability of 500 kg to 500 km planar orbit or 300 kg to Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit.

Benefits: SSLV is ideal for the on-demand, quick turn-around launch of small satellites.

Launch Date: The first developmental flight of SSLV is scheduled for the fourth quarter of 2021 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota.

3) Lovlina assures India of a second medal :- India’s quest for a second medal at the Tokyo Olympics gained a fillip as Lovlina Borgohain punched her way into the women’s welterweight (69 kg) boxing semifi nal, which guaranteed her a bronze.

4) What is parliamentary privilege? Parliamentary privilege refers to rights and immunities enjoyed by Parliament as an institution and MPs in their individual capacity, without which they cannot discharge their functions as entrusted upon them by the Constitution.

Are these parliamentary privileges defined under law? According to the Constitution, the powers, privileges and immunities of Parliament and MP’s are to be defined by Parliament. No law has so far been enacted in this respect. In the absence of any such law, it continues to be governed by British Parliamentary conventions.

What is breach of privilege? A breach of privilege is a violation of any of the privileges of MPs/Parliament. Among other things, any action ‘casting reflections’ on MPs, parliament or its committees; could be considered breach of privilege. This may include publishing of news items, editorials or statements made in newspaper/magazine/TV interviews or in public speeches. 

5) Differently abled to scale the Siachen to set record :- retired special forces personnel, under CLAW Global, will lead a group of diff erently abled people to attempt a world record by trekking the Siachen Glacier, the world’s highest battlefield.
“The Government of India has accorded sanction to Team CLAW to lead a team of people with disabilities to scale Siachen Glacier and create a new world record for the largest team of people with disabilities to scale the world’s highest battlefield,”

6) While the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test, or NEET (UG), is the common all India entrance test for students seeking to enter into an MBBS course, including dental (BDS) and AYUSH (BAMS, BUMS, BHMS, etc.) courses, at government and private institutions, NeXT is envisaged as a uniform exit test.

NeXT will count as the qualifying final for MBBS students, which they will have to clear to either obtain a licence to practice modern medicine in India or for obtaining merit-based allocation of PG seats for pursuing specialisation, which implies that NEET PG will be discontinued. Students who have received their medical degree abroad, too, will have to clear NeXT to practice in India.

7) About Eight Core Sectors:

These comprise 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).

Index of Industrial Production:

IIP is an indicator that measures the changes in the volume of production of industrial products during a given period.

It is compiled and published monthly by the National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

It is a composite indicator that measures the growth rate of industry groups classified under:

Broad sectors, namely, Mining, Manufacturing, and Electricity.

Use-based sectors, namely Basic Goods, Capital Goods, and Intermediate Goods.

Base Year for IIP is 2011-2012

The eight core sector industries in decreasing order of their weightage: Refinery Products> Electricity> Steel> Coal> Crude Oil> Natural Gas> Cement> Fertilizers.

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