Indian Express 16th March 2020

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1)Who is Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, whose birth centenary Bangladesh is observing:-

March 17 is the birth anniversary of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (1920-1975), the founding leader of Bangladesh and the country’s first Prime Minister. He is referred to as Sheikh Mujib or simply Mujib, the title ‘Bangabandhu’ meaning ‘friend of Bengal’.

On 15 August 1975, Rahman was killed in a military coup along with his wife and three sons, including 10-year-old Sheikh Russel. His daughters, the current Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina and her younger sister Sheikh Rehana, survived as they were abroad at the time.

2)Explained: Epidemics that have hit India since 1900:

The World Health Organization defines epidemics as “the occurrence in a community or region of cases of an illness, specific health-related behaviour, or other health-related events clearly in excess of normal expectancy.

The community or region and the period in which the cases occur are specified precisely. The number of cases indicating the presence of an epidemic varies according to the agent, size, and type of population exposed, previous experience or lack of exposure to the disease, and time and place of occurrence.” Epidemics are characterised by the rapid spread of the specific disease across a large number of people within a short period of time.

Epidemics in India since 1900 :

1915-1926⁠ — Encephalitis lethargica:- Encephalitis lethargica, also known as ‘lethargic encephalitis’ was a type of epidemic encephalitis that spread around the world between 1915 and 1926.

1918-1920 — Spanish flu

1961–1975 — Cholera pandemic

1968-1969 — Flu pandemic

1974 — Smallpox epidemic:-According to WHO, smallpox was officially eradicated in 1980. The infectious disease was caused by either of the two virus variants Variola major and Variola minor.

1994 — Plague in Surat

2002-2004 — SARS:- Similar to COVID-19, the causative agent of SARS was a type of coronavirus, named SARS CoV, that was known for its frequent mutations and spread through close person-to-person contact and through coughing and sneezing by infected people.

2006 — Dengue and chikungunya outbreak

2009 — Gujarat hepatitis outbreak

2014-2015 — Odisha jaundice outbreak

2014-2015 — Swine flu outbreak

2017— Encephalitis outbreak

2018 — Nipah virus outbreak



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