INDIAN EXPRESS EXPLAINED 02nd APRIL 2020

1)Explained: India rises in WEF travel rankings; how countries scored :-

A report released by the World Economic Forum (WEF) on Wednesday ranks the travel & tourism competitiveness of 140 economies.

The biennial “Travel and Tourism Competitive Report”( shows that India has made the greatest improvement since 2017 among the top 25 per cent of the countries that were previously ranked, the WEF said in a statement. Overall, India is ranked 34, up six places from 2017.

The study scored countries on four indicators — enabling environment; travel and tourism policy and enabling conditions; infrastructure; natural and cultural rankings.

India’s highest improvement was in enabling environment, by 10 places to 98, last time the ranking was 108.

2)How to address mental health issues faced by medical workers:-

What does this mean?

The psychological impact of infectious disease outbreaks on healthcare workers is not something that is being recorded for the first time during this ongoing global pandemic. During the 2003 SARS outbreak too, for instance, high-risk healthcare workers reported elevated levels of stress, fatigue, poor sleep, worry about health and fear of social contact, according to a 2007 paper published in the Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.

Healthcare workers across the world are providing one of the most important services during this global pandemic. They are not only directly dealing with COVID-19 patients, but are at an increased risk of contracting the infection.

What Can be done to Protect the Mental Healthcare of Workers:-

Some of the measures that can help during such times include preparing the staff so they are able to make sense of morally challenging situations, and requiring healthcare managers to be frank and straightforward about the situation the workers may need to face.

Once the crisis is over, the analysis suggests that healthcare workers should be actively monitored, supported and provided with evidence-based treatment.

3)What is the Krishna water dispute and who all are involved?

The Krishna is an east-flowing river that originates at Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra and merges with the Bay of Bengal, flowing through Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Together with its tributaries, it forms a vast basin that covers 33% of the total area of the four states.

A dispute over the sharing of Krishna waters has been ongoing for many decades, beginning with the erstwhile Hyderabad and Mysore states, and later continuing between successors Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.

In 1969, the Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal (KWDT) was set up under the Inter-State River Water Dispute Act, 1956, and presented its report in 1973. The report, which was published in 1976, divided the 2060 TMC (thousand million cubic feet) of Krishna water at 75 per cent dependability into three parts: 560 TMC for Maharashtra, 700 TMC for Karnataka and 800 TMC for Andhra Pradesh. At the same time, it was stipulated that the KWDT order may be reviewed or revised by a competent authority or tribunal any time after May 31, 2000.

Afterward, as new grievances arose between the states, the second KWDT was instituted in 2004. It delivered its report in 2010, which made allocations of the Krishna water at 65 per cent dependability and for surplus flows as follows: 81 TMC for Maharashtra, 177 TMC for Karnataka, and 190 TMC for Andhra Pradesh.

After the KWDT’s 2010 report

Soon after the 2010 report was presented, Andhra Pradesh challenged it through a Special Leave Petition before the Supreme Court in 2011. In an order in the same year, the apex court stopped the Centre from publishing it in the official Gazette.

In 2013, the KWDT issued a ‘further report’, which was again challenged by Andhra Pradesh in the Supreme Court in 2014. After the creation of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh in 2014, the Water Resources Ministry has been extending the duration of the KWDT.

Andhra Pradesh has since asked that Telangana be included as a separate party at the KWDT and that the allocation of Krishna waters be reworked among four states, instead of three.

 

 

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