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Indian Roads Commission :- Indian Roads Congress (IRC) was set up by the Government of India in December, 1934 on the recommendations of Jayakar Committee with the objective of promoting and encouraging the science for building and maintenance of roads.

It also provides a national forum for sharing of knowledge and pooling of experience on the entire range of subjects dealing with the construction and maintenance of roads and bridges. IRC has now about 13,500 members comprising of engineers of all ranks from Central and State Governments, Engineering Services of Army, Border Roads Organization, Road Research Institutes, Engineering Colleges, Local Bodies and private enterprises

2) Explained: What is the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ system announced by the Finance Minister?

Under the National Food Security Act, 2013, about 81 crore persons are entitled to buy subsidized foodgrain — rice at Rs 3/kg, wheat at Rs 2/kg, and coarse grains at Re 1/kg — from their designated Fair Price Shops (FPS) of the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS).

In the present system, a ration cardholder can buy foodgrains only from an FPS that has been assigned to her in the locality in which she lives. However, this will change once the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ system becomes operational nationally. This is how it will work:

Suppose a beneficiary lives in the district of Basti in Uttar Pradesh and migrates to Mumbai for work. Currently, she is no longer able to purchase subsidised foodgrains from a PDS shop in her new locality in Mumbai. However, under the ‘One Nation, One Ration Card’ system, the beneficiary will be able to buy subsidised foodgrains from any FPS across the country.

The new system, based on a technological solution, will identify a beneficiary through biometric authentication on electronic Point of Sale (ePoS) devices installed at the FPSs, and enable that person to purchase the quantity of foodgrains to which she is entitled under the NFSA.

Its Ration Card Portability :-

Ration card portability is aimed at providing intra-state as well as inter-state portability of ration cards.

While the Integrated Management of Public Distribution System (IM-PDS) portal ( provides the technological platform for the inter-state portability of ration cards, enabling a migrant worker to buy foodgrains from any FPS across the country.

3) Editorial : Roles of parents, teachers have merged, education must be founded on compassion

The Distinction of Parent and Teacher has blurred in the times of Corona. Any teaching-learning approach has to be imbued with care, concern, and compassion. Delhi government launched its initiative, “Parenting in the time of corona”. It seeks to combine the role of parents and teachers and encourage them to step into each other’s shoes.
A generic “happiness class for family” was introduced for all children and their families. For about a fortnight, government teachers conducted daily online classes on two distinct components of the happiness curriculum — the practice of mindfulness and self-reflection through stories and activities.

MIX OF ONLINE AND OFFLINE:- To ensure the continuous learning of children in Delhi’s government-run schools, a two-fold strategy has been adopted. One, for younger children up to class eight, using a non-internet based approach and second, for older children, in classes nine to 12 using the internet.

This can be used as a Model for Future if it works fine.

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