Indian Express Explained 26/05/2020

1)Explained: Now online, a map tracking migrants, real time:- India Observatory, an open-source database, has come up with a GIS-enabled dashboard that includes an India map reflecting the movement of migrants in real time on their long journeys, often on foot, along with facilities and relief organisations on their routes.

CoAST India: It is a GIS-enabled dashboard that maps the movement of migrants in real time and draws information from 55 organisations on the ground to help administrators, civil society organisations in planning urgent steps to get the stranded migrant population to safety and care.

2)Explained: What is Tianwen-1, China’s Mars mission:- In July, the China will launch its first Mars mission, the ‘Tianwen-1’, which is expected to land on the Red Planet’s surface in the first quarter of 2021. The success of the mission will make China the third country to achieve a Mars landing after the USSR and the United States.

Named after the ancient Chinese poem ‘Questions to Heaven’, the Tianwen-1, an all-in-one orbiter, lander and rover will search the Martian surface for water, ice, investigate soil characteristics, and study the atmosphere, among completing other objectives.

Previous Mission : China’s previous ‘Yinghuo-1’ Mars mission, which had piggybacked on a Russian spacecraft, had failed after it could not leave the Earth’s orbit and disintegrated over the Pacific Ocean in 2012.

Let’s Attempt a Question Here:

Consider the Following Statement:-

1) Yinghou – 1 was a Failed Chinese MARS Mission.

2) China might succeed with Tianwen-1 to land on MARS which will make it only the fourth nation after USA, USSR and INDIA to have successful MARS landing.

Select the Correct Code:

A) 1 Only
B) 2 Only
C) Both
D) None

Answer : A ( Statement 2 is wrong since India has not successfully landed on MARS ( It was MARS Orbiter Mission which was successful )

3) Explained: The ‘dieselgate scandal’ against Volkswagen:-Germany’s Federal Court of Justice (BGH) ruled against car manufacturer Volkswagen, the first judgment in the diesel scandal.

As a result of the ruling, the company must pay compensation to the owner of a vehicle fitted with a “defeat device” meant to bypass a vehicle’s emissions control system.

It was in 2015 that Volkswagen admitted to having installed emissions-cheating devices in its vehicles, which cost the company over $33 billion in vehicle refits and regulatory fines, mostly in the United States. The scandal is often dubbed as the “dieselgate scandal” and Volkswagen has since admitted the device affects over 11 million cars worldwide.

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