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Indian Express Explained 29th-30th April

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1)Explained: What is India’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations?

India has appointed diplomat T S Tirumurti, currently serving as Secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs, as its Permanent Representative to the United Nations.

Tirumurti succeeds Syed Akbaruddin.

What is Permanent Missions to the United Nations

The Permanent Mission is the diplomatic mission that every member state deputes to the United Nations, and is headed by a Permanent Representative, who is also referred to as the “UN ambassador”.

According to Article 1 (7) of the Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in their Relations with International Organizations of a Universal Character, a “Permanent Mission” is a: “… mission of permanent character, representing the State, sent by a State member of an international organization to the Organization”.

Other Purpose of Permanent Mission :-

  • To fulfill the Aims and ambitions and purpose of UN.
  • To keep necessary liaison between member State and the UN.

India was among the select members of the United Nations that signed the United Nations Declaration at Washington on January 1, 1942.

India also participated in the historic UN Conference of International Organization at San Francisco from April 25 to June 26, 1945.

2)Raja Ravi Varma, the painter who helped Indians bring their gods home

April 29 is the birth anniversary of the famed Indian painter Raja Ravi Varma (1848-1906), remembered for giving Indians their western, classical representations of Hindu gods and goddesses.

Varma studied oil painting with the British painter Theodore Jensen.

He is considered among the first Indian artists to use oil paints.

He continues to be regarded as the most important representative of the Europeanised school of painting in India.

His 1873 painting, Nair Lady Adorning Her Hair, won Varma prestigious awards including Governor’s Gold Medal when it was presented in the Madras Presidency.

In 1904, the British colonial government awarded Varma with the Kaiser-i-Hind Gold Medal. In 2013, a crater on the planet Mercury was named in his honour.

3) Foreign Company :-

The term foreign company is defined in Section 2(42) of the Companies Act, 2013.

In India, “foreign company” means any company or body corporate incorporated outside India which—

(a) has a place of business in India whether by itself or through an agent, physically or through electronic mode; and

(b) conducts any business activity in India in any other manner.

4) Electoral Trust :- Electoral Trust is a Section 25 Company or a non-profit company created in India for orderly receipt of the voluntary contributions from any person and for distributing the same to the respective political parties, registered under Section 29A of the Representation of People Act, 1951.

The objective of the Electoral Trust is not to earn any profit or pass any direct or indirect benefit to its members or contributors.

This is a mechanism for bringing transparency and sanity in the political party funding.

Functioning

Electoral Trust can raise funds from Indian citizens and domestic companies which are registered in India and also from a firm or Hindu Undivided Family or an Association of persons or a body of individuals, who are resident in India.

The electoral trust cannot accept any contribution without the permanent account number (PAN) of the contributor, who is a resident and the passport number in the case of a citizen of India, who is not a resident.

The electoral trust cannot accept contributions from non-citizens, other electoral trust or government companies or from any other foreign sources or from any foreign entity whether incorporated or not. They cannot take contributions in cash.

An electoral trust is required to distribute at least 95% of the total contributions received during the financial year along with the surplus brought forward from earlier financial year to the eligible political parties before 31st March of the said financial year.

Electoral Trust cannot use the contributions to the benefit of its own members or contributors directly or indirectly.

 

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