The National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) was established in December 2005 following a recommendation of the Tiger Task Force.
The Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 was amended to provide for constituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority responsible for implementation of the Project Tiger plan to protect endangered tigers. The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests.
- It approves the State Govt. Plans for Tiger Conservation.
- Lays down Standards and Measures.
- Also Prepares Report to be laid down in front of Parliament.
Project Tiger was Launched in 1973.
Project Tiger’ is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Environment, Forests and Climate Change, providing funding support to tiger range States, for in-situ conservation of tigers in designated tiger reserves, and has put the endangered tiger on an assured path of recovery by saving it from extinction, as revealed by the recent findings of the All India tiger estimation using the refined methodology.
- Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives become legal.
- Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
- Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
- Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
NTCA at Present is a Statutory Body under MOEF.It conducts Tiger Census every 4 year.