PIB 25-27th September, 2020

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  1. New finding on Blazars—the brightest jets in the universe could provide clues to processes close to black holes
    • The short term optical flux stability detected in some of the brightest jets in the universe could provide clues to the processes close to black holes.
    • Blazars are one of the most luminous and energetic objects in the universe powered by material falling onto a super-massive black hole at the center of the host galaxy – the luminosity being because of their a jet composed of ionized matter traveling at nearly the speed of light towards an observer (the Earth).
    • Blazars are among one of the most favourite astronomical transient objects, and their study could provide clues to the processes happening close to the black hole, not visible through direct imaging
    • Six scientists spanning over three countries— India, Serbia, and the USA studied some of the brightest blazers called TeV (Tera-electron Volt) blazars and found that they stand out as a semblance of stability of brightness among the blazar family in the short duration. While their brightness varies in the long duration, they maintain their brightness levels in short duration.
    • According to the team, in TeV emitting blazars, peak of spectral energy distribution lies in the UV/X-ray range.
    • Thus in optical bands, magnetic fields and electrons energies are less, causing short term optical flux stability or low amplitude variability
    • Variations on months to years timescales can most likely be explained by the propagation of shocks along with the jet, due to which the electrons at the shock front get accelerated to very high energies. These high energy electrons are then cooled via different emission processes while leaving the shock front.
  2. Foundation day of Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) being celebrated on the occasion of Antyodaya Diwas – “Kaushal Se Kal Badlenge ”
    • 25th September, 2014 was declared the ‘Antyodaya Diwas’ in honour of Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya’s 98th Birth Anniversary.
    • It was the same day when the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) revamped it’s existing skill development program called Aajeevika Skills as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) which emphasized on greater access, coverage and quality
    • The spirit of Antyodaya Mission lies in ‘reaching out to the last person’.
  3. National Biopharma Mission
    • It was approved by the Cabinet in 2017 with an aim to transform the health standards of the country through affordable product development and bring 5-7 biopharmaceutical products closer to market.
    • Objectives and goals of the Mission are:
      • Specific Product development under vaccines, biosimilars and medical devices
      • Building shared infrastructure for product testing, characterization and manufacturing
      • Promoting scientific research through establishment of translational research consortia and development of novel biopharmaceuticals and devices
      • skill development though trainings 
      • creating and enhancing technology transfer and intellectual property management.
    • The Mission is supporting small and medium enterprises for biopharmaceutical product development, enhancing industry academia interlinkages and providing opportunities to translate knowledge into products/technologies for vaccines, biotherapeutics, devices and diagnostics.
  4. Ayush Ministry to take up clinical study on the potential of Vasa (AdhatodaVasica) and Guduchi for the management of Covid-19
    • This will be a “randomized, open label three armed” study, and will be conducted at the All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA), New Delhi, in collaboration with the IGIB unit of CSIR.
    • Vasa and Guduchi are time tested herbs in Indian healthcare traditions, used in a variety of disease conditions.
  5. JIMEX 20
    • Bilateral Maritime Exercise Between Japan and India
    • JIMEX series of exercises commenced in January 2012 with special focus on maritime security cooperation.
  6. Historic reform in Medical Education
    • Constitution of the National Medical Commission (NMC), along with four Autonomous Boards- UG and PG Medical Education Boards, Medical Assessment and Rating Board, and Ethics and Medical Registration Board 
    • With this, the decades old institution of the Medical Council of India (MCI) stands abolished.
    • The basic change that has happened is that the Regulator is now ‘selected’ on merits, as opposed to an ‘elected’ Regulator. 
    • Functions of the NMC will be further streamlining regulations, rating of institutions, HR assessment, focus on research.
    • Besides they will work on modalities of the common final year exam after MBBS (NEXT- National Exit Test) to serve for both registration and PG entrance; prepare guidelines for fee regulation by private medical colleges; and developing standards for Community Health Providers to serve in primary healthcare with limited practicing licence.
    • National Medical Commission Act, 2019 was passed by the Parliament in August, 2019.
    • With the coming into effect of the NMC Act from 25th September, 2020, the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956 stands repealed 
  7. First Look of India’s First RRTS Train Unveiled
    • The state-of-the-art RRTS rolling stock will be first of its kind in India with a design speed of 180 kmph.
    • With radiating stainless steel outer body, these aerodynamic RRTS trains will be lightweight and fully air-conditioned.
    • RRTS rolling stock will be energy-efficient with about 30% regeneration during braking. 
    • The 82 km long Delhi–Ghaziabad–Meerut Corridor is the first RRTS corridor being implemented in India corridor being implemented in India
    • National Capital Region Transport Corporation (NCRTC) is a joint venture of the Government of India (50%) and State Governments of Haryana (12.5%), NCT Delhi (12.5%), Uttar Pradesh (12.5%) and Rajasthan (12.5%).
    • It is mandated to design, construct, finance, operate and maintain RRTS in NCR and works under the administrative control of Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs, GOI. NCRTC is mandated to implement India’s first RRTS in NCR.
  8. ‘Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar’ Prize
    • Dr Abhijit Mukherjee, Associate Professor, Deptt. of Geology & Geophysics, IIT Kharagpur Selected for the year 2020 in Earth Atmosphere Ocean and Planetary Sciences.
    • About the prize: It is a rare distinction conferred upon scientists who have demonstrated exceptional potential in science and technology. 
    • The award will be presented in the presence of the Prime Minister of India, who holds the chair of the President of the Council of Scientific & Industrial Research.
    • Dr. Mukherjee’s work in the area of groundwater exploration for suitable and sustainable drinking water sources has been widely acknowledged, nationally and internationally.
    • Recently, his research group developed an AI prediction model for detecting Arsenic in groundwater in the Gangetic delta.

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