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PIB NEWS 01/07/2020

PM addresses nation and announces extension of Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojana

  • PM Modi in his speech on 30th June 2020 mentioned the extension of the PM Garib Kalyan Yojana till the end of November 2020. He also mentioned that in the last 3 months, Rs. 31,000 crore deposited in bank accounts of 20 crore poor families.
  • Scheme extended till Deepawali & Chhath Puja, ie till the end of November: PM
  • PM credits hardworking farmers and honest taxpayers for making the scheme possible
  • As the fight against coronavirus shifts to Unlock 2, PM asks everyone to follow regulations with same seriousness as during Lockdown
  • Over 80 crore poor people are to be provided free food grains till November 2020 – 5kg of wheat/rice and 1 Kg of pulses per family.
  • The extension of PMGKY  is going to cost Rs.90,000 crore.
  • Due to the outbreak of Covid-19 in India, the Finance Minister, on 26th March 2020, had announced a ₹1.7 lakh crore Gareeb Kalyan package to mitigate the loss faced by the poor due to the coronavirus lockdown.
  • Earlier, the scheme was valid from December 16, 2016, to March 31, 2017, and later was extended till June 2020.
  • The PMGKY provided an opportunity to declare the unaccounted wealth and black money in a confidential manner and avoid prosecution after paying a fine of 50% on the undisclosed income. An additional 25% of the undisclosed income is invested in the scheme which can be refunded after four years, without any interest.

Implementing Ministry- Ministry of Finance

Helicopter services for locust control through aerial spray

  • Union Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare Minister, Shri Narendra Singh Tomar today flagged off a Bell Helicopter with spray equipment from a helipad facility at Gautam Buddh Nagar, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh.
  • The helicopter will fly for Air Force Station at Uttarlai, Barmer where it will be stationed initially and from there deployed for locust control in desert areas of Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur and Nagaur.
  • The Bell 206-B3 helicopter will have single pilot operation, has a pesticide carrying capacity of 250 litres in one trip and can cover about 25 to 50 hectare area in one flight.
  • An Empowered Committee finalized the firm for deploying one helicopter for aerial spray in desert area after getting all the clearances from DGCA and Ministry of Civil Aviation.  

Other Resources deployed –

  • To strengthen locust control capabilities in India, 10 ground spray equipments were imported from Micron, UK, during January, 2020 and 15 equipments in June, 2020. Additional 45 ground spray equipments will reach in the month of July 2020 and Locust Circle Offices have more than 100 ground control equipment by July.
  • Presently 60 control teams with spray equipment mounted vehicles and more than 200 Central Government personnel are engaged in locust control operations.
  • 55 additional vehicles have been purchased to strengthen the control capabilities.
  • Approval given for the purchase of 3,00,000 liters of Malathion 96% ULV. Sufficient stock of pesticides is being maintained.
  • Government of India has also issued a supply order of 5 aerial spray kits from M/s Micron, UK in March 2020. The first 2 kits are to be delivered in September 2020 and the balance 3 kits, one month after the successful commissioning of the first kit. These kits will be fitted in Indian Air Force helicopters as agreed by Indian Air Force.
  • Under Sub-mission on Agriculture Mechanization assistance for purchase of 800 tractors mounted spray equipments sanctioned for Rajasthan State Government. (2.86 crores).
  • Financial assistance of Rs. 14 Crore sanctioned for Rajasthan State under RKVY for hiring of vehicles, tractors and for purchase of pesticides.
  • Financial assistance of Rs. 1.80 crore sanctioned for Gujarat State for purchase of vehicles, spray equipments, safety uniform, android application, training with regard to locust.
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Malathion

  • Malathion is an organophosphate insecticide which acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. In the USSR, it was known as carbophos, in New Zealand and Australia as maldison and in South Africa as mercaptothion.
  • Malathion is a pesticide that is widely used in agriculture, residential landscaping, public recreation areas, and in public health pest control programs such as mosquito eradication.[5] In the US, it is the most commonly used organophosphate insecticide.
  • Malathion in low doses (0.5% preparations) is used as a treatment for:Head lice and body lice, Scabies

First edition of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Newsletter “Matsya Sampada” Launched

  • Union Minister for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Shri Giriraj Singh launched the first edition of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Newsletter “MATSYA SAMPADA” published by the Department of Fisheries, Ministry for Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India and the Operational Guidelines of the Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY).
  • The Newsletter “MATSYA SAMPADA” is an outcome of the endeavours of the Department of Fisheries to reach out to the stakeholders especially fishers and fish farmers through various means of communication, and to inform and educate them about the latest developments in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.
  • It would be published on a quarterly basis starting from the first quarter of the year 2020-21.
  • The Newsletter would serve as an important medium for disseminating information among the stakeholders especially fishers, fish farmers, youth and entrepreneurs across the country, assist them and facilitate in ease of doing business.

PMMSY

  • PMMSY is a scheme to bring about Blue Revolution through sustainable and responsible development of fisheries sector in India under two components namely, Central Sector Scheme (CS) and Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS).
  • The Scheme will be implemented during a period of 5 years from FY 2020-21 to FY 2024-25.
  • Nodal Ministry: Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
  • Central Sector Scheme (CS) – The entire project/unit cost will be borne by the Central government (i.e. 100% central funding).
  • The Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) Component is further segregated into Non-beneficiary oriented and Beneficiary orientated sub­components/activities under the following three broad heads:
  • Enhancement of Production and Productivity.
  • Infrastructure and Post-Harvest Management.
  • Fisheries Management and Regulatory Framework.

PM FME Scheme would leverage organic food production in north east to benefit food processing industry in the region

  • PM FME (PM Formalization of Micro Food processing Enterprises) scheme would leverage organic food production and the food processing industry in the North East states stand to benefit immensely.
  • PM FME scheme and Extended Operation Greens schemes launched under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan, would directly benefit farmers and micro entrepreneurs who contribute significantly to the Indian economy.
  • Under this scheme, facilities of warehouses, cold storage and marketing and branding will be provided in the clusters of fruits and vegetables.
  • This shceme would focus on North East, women, SCs, STs and Aspirational districts.
  • NE is well known for its organic products. Pineapple, Banana, turmeric, ginger, Oranges, black rice, bamboo and other products are available in abundance in NE region.
  • The processing of farm produce needs to be increased which can be done with the help of the new schemes launched under Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

Extended Operation Greens scheme

  • Under Extended Operation Greens scheme, now all varieties of fruits and vegetables are included.
  • This scheme would help in price stability and fair returns to the farmers.
  • 50% subsidy for transportation of fruits and vegetables would be provided under this scheme.

Operation Greens

  • It is a price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce.
  • It aims to promote Farmer Producers Organizations (FPO), Agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management of agri-produce.
  • It focuses on organized marketing of Tomatoes, Onions and Potatoes (TOP vegetables) by connecting farmers with consumers.
  • State Agriculture and other Marketing Federations, Farmer Producer Organizations (FPO), cooperatives, companies, Self-help groups, food processors etc. can avail the financial assistance under it.
  • To help in the structural and infrastructure part of the scheme, agriculture market committee (APMCs) promoted markets will be connected to the e-NAM platform.
  • The government will also help in development of 22,000 agricultural markets.

World’s first-ever Online B.Sc. Degree in Programming and Data Science launched

  • The programme has been prepared and offered by the Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras), which is ranked No.1 in India Rankings 2020 by NIRF.
  • This programme is open to anyone who has passed Class XII, with English and Maths at the Class X level, and enrolled in any on-campus UG course.
  • The current batch of students who are completing their Class XII in 2020 are eligible to apply. Graduates and working professionals can also take up this programme.
  • The students who are currently enrolled in a different on-campus program anywhere in India can pursue this degree program without needing to switch careers or courses. Even employers who want to upskill their employees can consider this option without loss of productive time on the job.
  • The programme will be delivered on a state-of-the-art online portal and will attract learners from even remote parts of India where outreach of digital literacy is minimal and will help them stay ahead in their career journeys.
  • To ensure that the online learning platform is closest to a classroom learning experience, the program will have videos from the faculty, weekly assignment sand in-person invigilated exams just like any other regular course.
  • The program will hone students’ skills in managing data, visualizing patterns to gain managerial insights, model uncertainties and build models that assist in producing forecasts to make effective business decisions.
  • This unique online offering will be offered in three different stages – Foundational Programme, Diploma Programme and Degree Programme.
  • At each stage, students will have the freedom to exit from the program and receive a Certificate, Diploma or a Degree, respectively, from IIT Madras. Based on the eligibility, interested candidates will have to fill a form and pay a nominal fee of Rs. 3,000 for the qualifier exam.
  • Learners will get access to the 4 weeks of course content of 4 subjects (Mathematics, English, Statistics and Computational Thinking). These students will go through the course lectures online, submit online assignments and write an in-person qualifier exam at the end of 4 weeks.

New Process of MSME Registration takes off in the name of Udyam Registration from 1st July, 2020

As already declared by the Union Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME), vide the Notification Dated 26th June, 2020, the new process of Classification and Registration of enterprises is starting from 1st July, 2020. An enterprise for this purpose will be known as Udyam and its Registration Process will be known as ‘Udyam Registration’.

Further highlights of this process are:

  • MSME registration process is fully online, paperless and based on self-declaration. No documents or proof are required to be uploaded for registering an MSME;
  • Adhaar Number will be requiredfor registration;
  • A Registration number will be given after registration;
  • After completion of the process of registration, an Udyam Registration Certificate will be issued;
  • This certificate will have a dynamic QR Code from which the web page on our Portal and details about the enterprise can be accessed;
  • There will be no need for renewal of Registration;
  • PAN & GST linked details on investment and turnover of enterprises will be taken automatically from the respective Government data bases;
  • MSME Ministry’s  online system will be fully integrated with Income Tax and GSTIN systems;
  • Those who have EM-II or UAM registration or any other registration issued by any authority under the Ministry of MSME, will also have to re-register themselves;
  • No enterprise is supposed to file more than one Udyam Registration. However, any number of activities including manufacturing or service or both may be specified or added in one Registration;
  • Government ‘s Facilitation mechanism in the name of single window systems at Champions Control Rooms and at DICs will help people in this process;
  • Registration Process is totally free. No Costs or Fees are to be paid in this regard.

DST-SERB in collaboration with INSA launches photo & film competition with the theme “Science through My Eyes”

  • Indian National Science Academy (INSA) and Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) is organising a photo/painting and a one-minute-film competition.
  • The competition aims to help people go beyond their discipline and see, understand, and appreciate science around them.
  • A critical look will help in fostering and promoting the scientific spirit, interest in research and will encourage creative abilities.
  • The theme for the competition is ‘Science through My Eyes.’
  • Any suitable sub-theme under this main theme may be chosen. Some examples of sub-themes are science in the lab, kitchen, sports, hospital, at home, or at work. The creation may include any work in the above forms related to the COVID 19 virus, healthy life, geo-heritage, health, fascinating space, and any sub-theme covered under the main theme ‘Science through My Eyes.’
  • The competition is open to Indian nationals only.
  • There is no entry fee.
  • Entries will be under 3 groups– doctoral students (Ph.D.) and Post-doctoral Fellows in any discipline, those pursuing professional degrees like MBBS, MS, MD, M Tech, MBA in any discipline, practicing scientists and any other working professionals such as doctors, engineers, technical staff, film-makers, para-medico… etc.
  • A team of two may also be made to create the work. The entry can be in the name of an individual or a team of 2 individuals.

Indian National Science Academy (INSA)

  • The Indian National Science Academy (INSA) in New Delhi is the apex body of Indian scientists representing all branches of science and technology.
  • Indian National Science Academy (INSA), New Delhi is an autonomous institution of Dept. Science & Technology, Govt. of India.
  • In August 2019, Dr. Chandrima Shaha was appointed as the president of Indian National Science Academy, becoming the first woman to head the INSA(for 2020-2022).

NBRI establishes advanced virology lab for COVID-19 testing

  • The National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow, has established an “Advanced Virology Lab” for testing COVID-19.
  • The facility has been developed based on the guidelines of the Indian Council Medical Research (ICMR), the World Health Organisation (WHO), and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
  • It is a Bio Safety Level (BSL) 3 level facility. “Biosafety levels are assigned to a facility depending on the pathogen it deals with.  According to ICMR guidelines, BSL2 level facility is recommended for COVID-19 but this is an advanced version,”
  • This advanced version has a “Negative Pressure”, which means it has a suction facility that can suck any aerosol and pass it through filters. It can filter virus or bacteria to make it a safe COVID-19 testing facility. It reduces the possibilities of infections at culturing facilities.

National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI)

  • The National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI) is a research institute of CSIR in Lucknow. It is engaged in the field of taxonomy and modern biology.
  • Originally conceptualised and set up as the National Botanic Gardens (NBG) by Professor Kailas Nath Kaul on behalf of the State Government of Uttar Pradesh, it was taken over by the CSIR in 1953.
  •  Initially engaged in research work in the classical botanical disciplines, the NBG went on laying an increasing emphasis in keeping with the national needs and priorities in the field of plant sciences, on its applied and developmental research activities.
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