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PIB News 03rd March 2020

1) Biomethanation of rice straw to solve stubble burning:-

The following steps are being taken to solve the problem of stubble burning, namely:-

1. In an all India coordinated project, efforts are on to produce bio-gas for kitchen use and quality manure for fields using bio-methanation of rice straw by anaerobic digestion method.

2. R&D project has been supported on refinement and demonstration of an integrated process technology for conversion of crop residues into ethanol and methane for use as transport fuels

3. A major focus on agriculture waste/stubble management (waste to wealth), alternative to burning, has been taken up under waste management technologies programme and proposals are being considered.

Methanogenesis or biomethanation is the formation of methane by microbes known as methanogens. Organisms capable of producing methane have been identified only from the domain Archaea, a group phylogenetically distinct from both eukaryotes and bacteria, although many live in close association with anaerobic bacteria.

2) Opening of Yoga University:- The draft National Education Policy (NEP) has been proposed inter-alia that yoga shall be integral part of the curriculum of school education and higher education.

New National Education Policy (NEP) for which a committee under Chairmanship of Dr. K. Kasurirangan was constituted which submitted its report to the Ministry on 31-05-2019.

3) Promotion of Electric Vehicles :- The Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) is administering Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid & Electric Vehicles in India (FAME India) Scheme for promotion of adoption of electric/hybrid vehicles (xEVs) in India since 01stApril, 2015. The Phase-I of the Scheme was extended from time to time and the last extension was allowed till 31st March, 2019.

4)NPDD Scheme :- Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying (DAHD) is implementing National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD) scheme with the objective to create/strengthen infrastructure for Production of quality milk, Procurement, Processing and Marketing of Milk & Milk Products through the State Implementing Agency.

5) Steps for Doubling Farmers Income :- Agriculture being a State subject, the State Governments undertake implementation of programmes /schemes for the development of the sector.

Further, the Government constituted an Inter-ministerial Committee in April, 2016 to examine issues relating to “Doubling of Farmers Income” and recommend strategies to achieve the same.

To achieve this, the Committee has identified seven sources of income growth viz., improvement in crop productivity; improvement in livestock productivity; resource use efficiency or savings in the cost of production; increase in the cropping intensity; diversification towards high value crops; improvement in real prices received by farmers; and shift from farm to non-farm occupations.

The Government is implementing schemes for imparting various training programmes and awareness campaigns for the benefit of farmers at Panchayat and village level under Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Scheme, Four Farm Machinery Training & Testing Institutes (FMTTIs), Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH), National Food Security Mission (NFSM) etc. through its wide network of KrishiVigyanKendras (KVKs) under Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)  and agriculture Universities etc.

Awareness campaigns, advertisements etc are organised in print and electronic media toraise awareness among the farmers  about the various initiatives taken by the Govt. of India for their welfare.

6)Lok Sabha Speaker launches “Suposhit Maa Abhiyan”: To create Malnutrition free India:- On March 1, 2020, the Lok Sabha speaker Shri Om Birla launched Suposhit Maa Abhiyan in Kota, Rajasthan. The Scheme aims to create malnutrition-free India.It mainly supports pregnant women and adolescent girls.

Under the programme, more than 1000 women are to be given food for 1 month. It is applicable only to one pregnant woman per family.

 

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