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PIB NEWS-08/07/2020

1) MoU Signed between National Medicinal Plants Board and ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources

  • National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) under Ministry of AYUSH and ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR) under Department of Agricultural Research and Education have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on 6th July, 2020.
  • The purpose of this MoU to conserve the Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Genetic Resources (MAPGRs) at designated space of ICAR-NBPGR in long-term storage module (as per availability) in the National Gene bank and or at Regional Station for medium term storage module and acquire hands-on training on plant germplasm conservation techniques to the working group of NMPB.
  • Both NMPB and ICAR-NBPGR are committed to serve the National interests through conservation of germplasm on long-term basis, safely and cost-effectively for present and future generations to ensure the social and economic security.
  • The authorized institute NMPB and the ICAR-NBPGR on behalf of the ICAR would develop detailed modalities for seed storage of MAPGRs and submit periodic progress report to their respective organizations.

National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)

  • In order to promote medicinal plants sector, Government of India set up National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) on 24th November 2000.
  • Currently the board is working under the Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha & Homoeopathy), Government of India.
  • The primary mandate of NMPB is to develop an appropriate mechanism for coordination between various ministries/ departments/ organization and implementation of support policies/programs for overall (conservation, cultivation, trade and export) growth of medicinal plants sector both at the Central /State and International level.

2) Sankalp Parv

News-In order to commemorate Sankalp Parv, Union Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent charge) Shri Prahlad Singh Patel planted trees in Qila Rai Pithora and the National Archives of India in Delhi today.

During his visit to Qila Rai Pithora Shri Patel reviewed the revival work of monuments and while visiting National Archives of India he reviewed the restoration work related to Manuscripts being undertaken there.

About Sankalp Parv

  • The Ministry of Culture is celebrating Sankalp-Parva from 28th June to 12th July 2020, where Ministry expects all its Subordinate Offices, Academies, attached Institutions and affiliated Institutions to plant trees in its campus or in the surroundings wherever it is possible.
  • Under the programme Ministry of Culture recommends to plant five trees which have been identified by Prime Minister and which represent the herbal heritage of our country.
  • These trees are (i) “Bargad” (ii) “Awla” (iii) “Pepal” (iv) “Ashok” (v) “Bel”.
  • The organizations must ensure that each employee should plant at least one tree of his/her choice and over and above these five trees which should be planted as per the call of Prime Minister.
  • The Institutions must also ensure that the employee to take care of plant planted by them during the year so that it survives and flourish.

Qila Rai Pithora

  • Qila Rai Pithora was created by Prithviraj Chauhan, also known as Rai Pithora, the popular hero of the stories of Hindu resistance against Muslim invaders.
  • Prithviraj’s ancestors captured Delhi from the Tomar Rajputs who have been credited with founding Delhi.
  • Anangpal, a Tomer ruler possibly created the first known regular defense- work in Delhi called Lal Kot- which Prithviraj took over and extended for his city Qila Rai Pithora.
  • The ruins of the fort ramparts are still partly visible in the area around Qutab Minar.
  • During the year of Tomar and Chauhans magnificent temples were built in Delhi. It is believed that twenty seven Hindu temples complex existed at the site of Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque and Qutub Minar.

National Archives of India

  • The National Archives of India is an attached office under the Ministry of Culture. It was established on 11 March 1891 at Kolkata (Calcutta) as the Imperial Record Department.
  • Following the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911, the present building of the National Archives of India was constructed in 1926 which was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens.
  • The transfer of all records from Calcutta to New Delhi was completed in 1937.
  • It is the nodal agency for the implementation of the Public Records Act, 1993 and Public Record Rules, 1997.

3) World Bank provides $400 million to enhance support for rejuvenating the Ganga

  • The World Bank and the Government of India today signed a loan agreement to enhance support for the Namami Gange programme that seeks to rejuvenate the Ganga river.
  • The Second National Ganga River Basin Project will help stem pollution in the iconic river and strengthen the management of the river basin which is home to more than 500 million people.
  • The $400 million operation comprises a loan of $381 million and a proposed Guarantee of up to $19 million.
  • The World Bank has been supporting the government’s efforts since 2011 through the ongoing National Ganga River Basin Project, which helped set up the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) as the nodal agency to manage the river, and financed sewage treatment infrastructure in several riverside towns and cities.

Namami Gange Programme(NGP)

‘Namami Gange Programme’, is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as ‘Flagship Programme’ by the Union Government in June 2014 with budget outlay of Rs.20,000 Crore to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.

Main pillars of the NGP

  • Sewage Treatment Infrastructure
  • River-Surface Cleaning
  • Afforestation
  • Industrial Effluent Monitoring
  • River-Front Development
  • Biodiversity
  • Public Awareness
  • Ganga Gram

NMCG

  • National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) was set up as a registered society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860.
  • It acted as the implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA) which was dissolved in October 2016, consequent to constitution of National Ganga Council.
  • The Act envisages five tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga.
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