PIB News Analysis 19+20/05/2020

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1)FIEO:- Federation of Indian Export Organisations (FIEO) is the apex trade promotion organisation in India set up by the Ministry of Commerce, Government of India, and private trade and industry in 1965.

The organisation is responsible for representing and assisting Indian entrepreneurs and exporters in foreign markets.

MEIS Scheme :- The MEIS scheme was introduced under Foreign Trade Policy of India. The scheme focuses to make the Indian products competitive in the Global market. The MEIS scheme replaced Focus Product Scheme (FPS), Focus Market Scheme (FMS), Infrastructure Incentive scheme and Vishesh Krishi Gramin Upaj Yojana.

2) Artificial Intelligence: GoI launches National Test Abhyas :- The Ministry Human Resources Development recently launched a new mobile application called “National Test Abhyas”.

The mobile application was developed by the National Testing Agency. The application will help the candidates to take mock tests for exams such as JEE Mains, NEET, etc. The application is powered by Artificial Intelligence and therefore the students will get instant results after taking the tests.

The application also aims to help the candidates take high quality mock tests from their homes. It is currently available in Android and iOS versions.

3) May 20: World Bee Day
Theme: Save the Bees

The World Bee Day is celebrated to commemorate the birthday of Slovenian apiculture pioneer Anton Jansa. This year, the World Bee Day is celebrated under the theme.

4) Solar Minimum:- The sun has reached into a state of ‘solar minimum’. It has been more than 100 days since sun has shown zero sunspots. The sun is to enter into the deepest period of “Solar Recession”.

The Solar Cycle is also called the Solar Magnetic Activity Cycle. It exists for 11 years and is measured in terms of number of sun spots on the surface. Sunspots were observed in the early 17th century. It was first observed by Galileo Galilei.

Under Solar Cycle, the solar maximum and solar minimum refers to the periods of maximum and minimum sunspots respectively.

5)NATIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE (NCMC):- In the wake of the disaster the cabinet may set up a committee. NCMC is one such committee.

National Crisis Management Committee(NCMC)

has been constituted in the Cabinet Secretariat. The composition of the Committee is as under:-

  • Cabinet Secretary Chairman
  • Secretary to Prime Minister Member
  • Secretary (MHA) Member
  • Secretary (MCD) Member
  • Director (IB) Member
  • Secretary (R&AW) Member
  • Secretary (Agri & Coopn.) Co-opted Member
  • An officer of Cabinet Secretariat. Convenor

        When a situation is to be handled also by the NCMC, it will give such directions to the Crisis Management Group of the Ministry as deemed necessary. The Secretary(A&C) will be responsible for ensuring that all developments are brought to the notice of the NCMC promptly.

The damage potential of the cyclone AMPHAN is expected to be higher than that of Cyclone ‘Bulbul’, which hit the West Bengal Coast on 9th November 2019.

6) GoI: Star Rating of Garbage Free Cities Released :- On May 19, 2020, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs released star rating of garbage free cities for the year 2019-20.

Around 5 cities were given 5-star rating. This includes Ambikapur, Surat, Rajkot, Mysuru, Indore and Navi Mumbai. The ministry had given 3-star rating.

The rating system was launched by the Ministry in 2018. This was launched to provide a mechanism to achieve Garbage free status. Also, such a rating system will motivate cities to achieve higher cleanliness. The rating mainly focuses on solid waste management.

7) Rapid Intensification made AMPHAN a Super Cyclone :- The Cyclone ‘Amphan’ has intensified from a severe cyclonic storm to a Super Cyclone.

The Intensity of a storm is measured on an intensity scale called Saffir Simpson Scale.
AMPHAN is a category 5 Cyclone ( Super) , Category 4 is ( Extremely Severe Cyclone). The AMPHAN gradually toned down to Category 4 cyclone.

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