PIB News Analysis 01st May 2020

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1)USAID to provide 3 million USD for India’s PAHAL project

On May 1, 2020, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) announced that it is to provide 3 million USD for India’s PAHAL project

USSAID is one of the largest financial aids in the world. USAID provides funds for poverty relief, disaster relief, technical cooperation and socioeconomic development.

PAHAL scheme:- PAHAL scheme is a joint initiative of USAID and IPE. The main objective of the scheme is to provide quality and affordable health care solutions to urban poor.

2)India’s New representative of UN; India to become member of UNSC:- The 1985 Indian Foreign Officer T S Trimurti is to succeed Syed Akbaruddin as the permanent representative of the United Nations. Mr Trimurti was serving as the Secretary to Economic relations.

India is to become a non-permanent member at the UNSC in 2021. Along with 5 permanent members, there are 10 non-permanent members at the UNSC. A non-permanent member holds term for two years. In order to become a non-permanent member, a country should gain confidence of at least two-thirds of the members.

3)AYURAKSHA Programme organized by Delhi Police:- The All India Institute of Ayurveda (AIIA) organized AYURAKSHA Programme under the Ministry of AYUSH (Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy).

It was a joint venture of AIIA and Delhi Police and was titled AYURAKSHA “Corona Se Jung-Delhi Police Ke Sang”.

The programme recommends Chyawanaprasha.

4) YASH launched by Department of Science and Technology:- On April 30, 2020, programme YASH was launched by Department of Science and Technology.

YASH is Year of Awareness on Science and Health. The awareness is being created to focus on COVID-19.

The National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) operating under Department of Science and Technology has launched YASH to focus on COVID-19.

5)Leukemia:- Leukemia is a type of cancer that is present found in human blood and bone marrow. It is caused due to the rapid production of white blood cells.

The white blood cells affected by Leukemia are unable to fight against infection. Leukemia also impairs the ability of the bone marrow to produce platelets and red blood cells.

6)ATULYA: Microwave sterilizer to disintegrate COVID-19 developed.

The Defence Institute of Advanced Technology, deemed university operating under Defence Research and Development Organization has designed microwave sterilizer called “ATULYA”.

Sterilization is the process by which different forms of life, especially micro organisms such as fungi, virus, bacteria, spores and other Eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium are eliminated, killed, removed or deactivated.

There are other methods of sterilization as well. This includes dry heat, flaming, incineration, tyndallization, glass bead sterilizers, chemical sterlization.

The safety of the irradiation is regulated by the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency.

7)India ranks 53rd in Budget Transparency and Accountability:- According to the Open Budget Survey conducted by the International Budget Partnership, India ranked 53rd among 117 countries in budget transparency and accountability.

India scored 49 out 0f 100 in the survey. The score was above the global average of 45. New Zealand scored 87 and topped the list. South Africa, Mexico and Brazil were the other top performers with scores 87, 82 and 81 respectively.


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