PIB News Analysis 06th March 2020

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1)‘GenomeIndia’:- ‘GenomeIndia: Cataloguing the Genetic Variation in Indians’ project has been sanctioned by Department of Biotechnology (DBT) on January16, 2020 for a period of 3 years to 20 institutions from varied disciplines across the country. The whole genome sequencing under GenomeIndia has just started.

The proposed target of Whole Genome Sequencing (WGS) is to do it for total 10,000 individuals representing the country’s diverse population in 3 years. The information generated from whole genome sequencing can facilitate future human genetics research in the country with greater precision, and to design a genome wide association array for the Indian population to develop precision healthcare and diagnostics for major diseases at affordable costs.

2) Poshan Abhiyaan:– POSHAN Abhiyaan was launched on 8th March 2018 by the Prime Minister in Jhunjhunu. The Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.

3) Schemes for Welfare of Women:- 

  • SwadharGreh Scheme:The Ministry of Women and Child Development implements SwadharGreh Scheme which envisions a supportive institutional framework for women victims of difficult circumstances so that they could lead their life with dignity and conviction. The funds allocated to States during the last three years, is at Annexure I.
  • Home for Widows: A Home for Widows has been set up in Vrindavan, UP with a capacity of 1000 inmates to provide widows a safe and secure place of stay, health services, nutritious food, legal and counseling services.
  • Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS):- The Ministry of Rural Development is implementing Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) under which Pension Scheme for Widows as well as Pension Scheme for the Elderly below poverty line are operated. The funds allocated to States during the last three years, is at Annexure II.
  • The Mahila Shakti Kendra Scheme:- The Mahila Shakti Kendra Scheme of Ministry of Women and Child Development aims to empower rural women through community participation and to create an environment in which they realize their full potential. The funds allocated to States during 2017-18 and 2018-19 is at Annexure III as the scheme was launched in 2017.
  • Prime Minister AwaasYojana (PMAY-G):- The Prime Minister AwaasYojana (PMAY-G) of Ministry of Rural Development and the Prime Minister AwaasYojana (PMAY-U) of the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs aims at providing affordable housing to women beneficiaries also. The funds allocated to States during the last three years, are at Annexures IV and V respectively.
  • DeendayalAntyodayaYojana:- The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs is implementing the “DeendayalAntyodayaYojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM)”, to reduce poverty and vulnerability of urban poor, households by enabling them to access self-employment and skilled wage employment opportunities. The funds allocated to States during the last three years, is at Annexure VI.

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