PIB News Analysis 12th March 2020

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1)Distribution of Fortified Rice to Curb Malnutrition:- Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Department of Food & Public Distribution, the Centrally Sponsored Pilot Scheme on “Fortification of Rice and its Distribution under Public Distribution System (PDS)” has been approved for a period of three years beginning 2019-20.

Food Fortification : Food fortification or enrichment is the process of adding micro-nutrients to food. It can be carried out by food manufacturers, or by governments as a public health policy which aims to reduce the number of people with dietary deficiencies within a population.

Golden rice is a variety of rice (Oryza sativa) produced through genetic engineering to bio-synthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, in the edible parts of rice. It is intended to produce a fortified food to be grown and consumed in areas with a shortage of dietary vitamin A.

2)Malnutrition among Women:- As per the recent report of National Family Health Survey (NFHS) – 4 conducted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare in 2015-16, 22.9% women (15-49 years of age) are underweight (BMI less than 18.5 kg/m2).

The five States having highest percentage of malnutrition among women are Jharkhand (31.5%), Bihar (30.4%), Dadra and Nagar Haveli (28.7%), Madhya Pradesh (28.4%), Gujarat (27.2%) and Rajasthan (27%).

SCHEMES:- 

Scheme for Adolescent Girls is implemented for out-of-school adolescent girls in the age group of 11-14 years for self-development and empowerment of adolescent girls; improvement of nutritional and health status; to promote awareness about health, hygiene & nutrition; support to out-of-school Adolescent Girls for successful transition back to formal schooling or bridge learning/skill training; upgrade their home-based skills and life skills.

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) is implemented with an aim to provide cash incentive(Rs.5000 in 3 Installments) to improve health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women & Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) and to compensate partially the wage loss in terms of cash incentive so that the woman can take adequate rest before and after delivery of the first child.

3)New Textile Policy – 2020:– Government is formulating a New Textile Policy for overall development of the sector.

Inputs from all the state governments, individuals through e-portal and different associations are being solicited under broad topics like cotton, silk, jute, wool, man-made fibre, handloom, handicrafts, powerloom, technical textiles, technology & machinery upgradation, infrastructure (spinning, weaving & processing) and human resource development.

Problems of Textile Sector :- 

Over a period of time, textile industry is facing some problems like

  1. technological obsolesce,
  2. high input cost (power & capital),
  3. poor access to credit,
  4. fragmented units,
  5. absence of fiber neutrality etc.

Schemes for the Betterment of Textile sector :-

(i)         Knitting and Knitwear Sector scheme: Government has launched a separate scheme for development of Knitting and Knitwear Sector to boost production in knitting and knitwear cluster at Ludhiana, Kolkata and Tirupur.

(ii)        Government is implementing Amended Technology Up-gradation Fund Scheme (ATUFS) for technology up-gradation of the textile industry to incentivize production with an outlay of Rs.17,822 crore during 2016-2022. It is expected to attract investment of Rs.1 lakh crore and generate 35.62 lakhs employment in the textile sector by 2022.

iii) National Handloom Development Programme, Comprehensive Handloom Cluster Development Scheme, Handloom Weaver Comprehensive Welfare Scheme and Yarn Supply Schemes.

iv) Silk Samagra – An integrated Scheme for development of silk.

4)Sagarmala Programme:- The Sagarmala programme is the flagship programme of the Ministry of Shipping to promote port-led development in the country through harnessing India’s 7,500 km long coastline, 14,500 km of potentially navigable waterways and strategic location on key international maritime trade routes. The main vision of the Sagarmala Programme is to reduce logistics cost for EXIM and domestic trade with minimal infrastructure investment.

Theme of SAGARMALA PROGRAMME:-

 

5)Minority Schemes for Jammu and Kashmir:- Min. of Minority Affairs.

— Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme, Post-Matric Scholarship Scheme, Merit-cum-Means based Scholarship Scheme – For educational empowerment of students.

Maulana Azad National Fellowship Scheme – Provide fellowships in the form of financial assistance.

Naya Savera – Free Coaching and Allied Scheme – The Scheme aims to provide free   coaching to students/candidates belonging to  minority communities for qualifying in    entrance examinations of technical/ professional courses and Competitive examinations.

Padho Pardesh – Scheme of interest subsidy to students of minority communities on    educational loans for overseas higher studies.

—  Nai Udaan – Support for students clearing Prelims conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), State Public Service Commission (PSC) Staff Selection Commission (SSC) etc.

Nai Roshni – Leadership development of women belonging to minority communities..

Seekho Aur Kamao – Skill development scheme for youth of 14 – 35 years age group and aiming at improving the employability of existing workers, school dropouts etc.

6)NCRB celebrates 35th Inception Day and  launches Crime Multi Agency Centre and National Cybercrime Training Centre:-

The system will also generate alerts on matching of recovered and stolen vehicles based on national database of CCTNS.

The National Crime Records Bureau, abbreviated to NCRB, is an Indian government agency responsible for collecting and analysing crime data as defined by the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and Special and Local Laws (SLL). NCRB is headquartered in New Delhi and is part of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Government of India.

National Fingerprint Identification System(NAFIS) being setup by NCRB will be a game changer for police.

 

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