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PIB News Analysis 20th March 2020

1)Action-Plan to tackle Adverse Impact of Global Warming on Food Crops:- Due to global warming agriculture sector is likely to be affected and climate change is expected to impact yields of agriculture crops in a business as usual scenario.

  1. During XII Plan (2012-2018), more than 400 climate resilient germplasm lines have been identified
  2. National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) one of the missions under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) aims to evolve and implement strategies to make Indian agriculture more resilient to the changing climate.
  3. National Food Security Mission (NFSM) programme is implemented in the identified districts across the country with the objective of increasing foodgrain production
  4. ICAR has launched a flagship network project National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)

2)Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana:-

The Ministry of Textiles is implementing converged Mahatma Gandhi Bunkar Bima Yojana (MGBBY) for providing social security benefits like life, accidental & disability insurance coverage to handloom weavers/workers in the age group of 51-59 years across the country, who have already enrolled under the scheme on 31.5.2017.

The annual premium of Rs.470/- is shared as under:

Government of India Rs.290/-
Weaver Rs.80/-
Implementing Agency Rs.100/-
Total Premium Rs.470/-

Benefits:
Natural Death Rs.60,000/-
Accidental Death Rs.1,50,000/-
Total Disability Rs.1,50,000/-
Partial Disability Rs.75,000/-

3)Huntington Disease:– Huntington disease (HD) is a progressive genetic disorder affecting the brain that causes uncontrolled movements, impaired coordination of balance and movement, a decline in cognitive abilities, difficulty in concentrating and memory lapses, mood swings and personality changes.

It is caused by a mutation in a gene called HTT. The HTT genes are involved in the production of a protein called huntingtin. They provide the instruction for making the protein. When the genes mutate, they provide faulty instructions leading to production of abnormal huntingtin proteins and these form into clumps. The clumps disrupt the normal functioning of the brain cells, which eventually leads to death of neurons in the brain, resulting in Huntington disease.

4)ARPIT Prog.:- Government is successfully running an online ‘Annual Refresher Programme In Teaching (ARPIT)’ for the last two years for professional development of higher education faculty.

ARPIT has been launched to enhance the quality of teaching and is a step towards the commitment of the government to “Har Ek Kaam Desh Ke Naam”.

5)Conversion of Barren Land into Arable Land:- In order to reclaim and develop barren lands,

  1. Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR) through Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation (IISWC) has developed several location specific bio-engineering measures to check soil erosion due to run-off of rain water.
  2. Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI), Jodhpur has developed sand dune stabilization and shelter belt technology to check wind erosion.
  3. The Council through Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal and All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Salt Affected Soils has developed reclamation technology, sub-surface drainage, bio-drainage, agroforestry interventions and salt tolerant crop varieties to improve the productivity of saline, sodic and waterlogged soils in the country.
  4. ICAR through National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) demonstrated Climate resilient technologies namely drought tolerant short duration varieties, crop diversification, integrated farming systems, soil and water conservation measures etc.

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