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PIB NEWS ANALYSIS 21-22/06/2020

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1)Tripura Government to start ‘Play Little, Study Little’ Scheme from 25th June:- The scheme is named ‘Ektu Khelo, Ektu Padho’ –meaning ‘Play Little, Study Little’. The scheme will be implemented via SMS or WhatsApp. For students, those who have access to smartphones of their parents will be able to access the scheme through WhatsApp. For students having feature phones, they will be able to access through SMS. The objective of the scheme is to make sure that students invest their time in studies during these times of uncertainty as it could still take a couple of months for schools to reopen due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

2)No Ambubachi Mela at Kamakhya Temple for the first time in Recorded History:- The Hindu temple located at the Nilachal Hill is dedicated to the mother goddess Kamakhya. The temple as per history was built by King Narakasura. As per the official records available from 1565, the temple was rebuilt by Koch King Naranarayan. Kamakhya is one of the 51 Shakti Peeths (each of the 51 Shakti Peeths represents a body part of Lord Shiva’s companion, Sati).

NEWS: At the centuries-old historic Kamakhya Temple at Guwahati, for the first time in six centuries of record available from 1565.

3)21st June: World Hydrography Day and World Yoga Day. :Hydrography plays one of the most important roles in today’s world by describing the physical feature of the navigable portion of the water covered area on the Earth’s surface through maps and nautical charts. Without a hydrographic survey, navigation for ships or fishing boats would have been much difficult.

4)

One billion children experience violence every year:UN report

News: The Global Status Report on Preventing Violence Against Children 2020 has been released.

Facts:

  • About the report: It was published by the World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, UNESCO, the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General on Violence against Children and the End Violence Partnership.
  • Purpose: It is a first of its kind report charting progress in 155 countries against the “INSPIRE” framework.

Additional Facts:

  • INSPIRE Framework: It is a set of seven strategies for preventing and responding to violence against children.
    • The seven strategies are: implementation and enforcement of laws; norms and values; safe environments; parent and caregiver support; income and economic strengthening; response and support services; and education and life skills.
  • End Violence Partnership: It is a public-private partnership that unites governments, United Nations agencies, civil society, faith groups, the private sector, philanthropic foundations, academics and children around a single goal ending all forms of violence against children by 2030.

4.World Refugee Day 2020

News: United Nations World Refugee Day is observed every year on June 20.

Facts:

  • World Refugee Day: It is observed since 2000 to celebrate the stories and contributions of refugees.
  • Nodal agency: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).
  • Theme: “Every Action Counts”.

Additional Facts:

  • Refugee: According to the United Nations 1951 Refugee Convention, people who fled their homes and countries due to a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion is a refugee.
  • The cornerstone of the 1951 Refugee Convention is the principle of non-refoulement.
    • According to this principle, a refugee should not be returned to a country where he or she faces serious threats to his or her life or freedom.
  • India is not a signatory to the UN Refugee Convention of 1951 or the 1967 Protocol which protects refugee rights.

5)

Indian officials attend virtual EAG plenary meet

News: Indian officials have attended the virtual 32nd plenary meeting of Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG).

Facts:

  • EAG: Itis a regional body established in 2004.Currently,it is an associate member of the Financial Action Task Force(FATF).
  • Members: It comprises nine countries namely India, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Belarus.
  • Purpose: To ensure cooperation and integration of EAG member-states into the international system of anti-money laundering and combating financing of terrorism in accordance with the recommendations of FATF.

Additional Facts:

  • FATF: It is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 during the G7 Summit in Paris.
  • Secretariat: Itis located at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) headquarters in Paris.
  • Objectives:
    • set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures
    • for combating money laundering and terrorist financing and
    • other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.
  • Members: It comprises 37 member jurisdictions and 2 regional organisations representing most major financial centres in all parts of the globe.

Question For Practice :-

Which of the following indices are compiled by the Central Statistics Office of Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation?

  1. CPI – Rural 
  2. CPI – Urban
  3. CPI – Rural Labourers
  4. CPI – Industrial workers
  5. CPI – Agricultural Labourers

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

  • a.  All except 1 and 2
  • b.  All except 1 and 3
  • c.  All except 3, 4 and 5
  • d.  None

Answer : c

  • The CPI – Industrial Workers and CPI – Agricultural & Rural Labourers are occupation specific and centre specific and are compiled by Labour Bureau of Ministry of Labour and Employment.
  • Since these indices pertain to specific segment of population and does not cover all segments of population, it is difficult to ascertain the true variations in the price level.
  • To overcome this problem, CPI – Urban and CPI – Rural is being computed with a wider coverage by Central Statistics Office (CSO) under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

With respect to Asian Development Bank (ADB), consider the following statements:

  1. Only regional countries are eligible for its membership.
  2. India is one of the founding members of this regional development bank.
  3. Asian Infrastructure Finance Report is an annual flagship report of Asian Development Bank (ADB).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  2 only
  • b.  1 and 2 only
  • c.  2 and 3 only
  • d.  None

Answer : a

Asian Development Bank

  • ADB is a regional development bank established in 1966, headquartered in Manila, Philippines.
  • It aims to promote social and economic development in Asia and the Pacific.
  • From 31 members at its establishment in 1966, ADB has grown to encompass 68 members—of which 49 are from within Asia and the Pacific (Regional Members) and 19 outside (Non-Regional Members).
  • India is one of the founding members of ADB.
  • Japan holds the largest proportion of shares in ADB followed by the USA.
  • Asian Development Outlook (ADO) is an annual flagship report of Asian Development Bank.
  • ADO was released recently and some of the highlights of recent report are as follows:
  1. According to report the Indian economy is expected to contract by 4% during the current financial year (2020-21).
  2. Earlier, in April 2020, ADB had projected India’s economy to grow at 4% in 2020-21.
  3. The report also highlighted India’s GDP slowed to 1% in the last quarter (Jan-March) of the financial year 2019-20, it is the slowest since early 2003.
  4. Growth of Developing Asia is expected around 0.1%, this is down from the 2.2% forecast in April 2020 and would be the slowest growth for the region since 1961.
  5. Developing Asia refers to a group of over 40 countries, including India that are members of the ADB.
  6. However, China is expected to record a positive growth of 1.8% in 2020-21.
  • Asian Infrastructure Finance Report is a report of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB).
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