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PIB News Analysis 22/05/2020

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1)UMANG Mobile App:- The UMANG mobile app (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance)  is a Government of India all-in-one single, unified, secure, multi-channel, multi-platform, multi-lingual, multi-service mobile app, powered by a robust back-end platform providing access to high impact services of various organizations (Central and State).  Prime Minister of India launched the UMANG App in 2017 to bring major government services on a single mobile app, with a larger goal to make the government accessible on the mobile phone of our citizens. 

About 660 services from 127 departments & 25 states and about 180 utility bill payment services are live and more are in pipeline.

Ministry Responsible :- MeitY (Ministry of Electronics & IT).

2)IASST develops electrochemical sensing platform for detecting carcinogenic & mutagenic compounds in food:-Institute of Advanced Study in Science and Technology (IASST), Guwahati, has developed an electrochemical sensing platform for detecting carcinogenic or mutagenic compound N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and N-nitrosodiethanolamine (NDEA) sometimes found in food items like cured meat, bacon, some cheese, and low-fat milk.

It was achieved by developing a modified electrode by immobilizing carbon nanomaterials (carbon dots) in DNA.

The scientists took advantage of the fact that out of the base pairs A, T, G, C, Guanine (G) is electrochemically active. In the presence of NDMA, guanine is modified to 6-Omethylguanine or 7-methyl guanine and with NDEA guanine changes to 8-oxoguanine to form DNA adducts.

3)India: The Second Largest Manufacturer of PPE in the world:- On May 21, 2020, India became the second largest producer of Personal Protective Equipment in the world. China is the leading producer of PPE in the world.

A PPE kit consists of shoe cover, gloves, eye shield, mask and gown. The data was provided by the Ministry of Health.

4)May 22: International Day for Biological Diversity:- This year, the day is being celebrated under the theme
Theme: Our Solutions are in nature

5)GFR ( General Financial Rules): Government has notified amendments to General Financial Rules (GFR) to ensure that goods and services valued less than 200 crore rupees are being procured from domestic firms.

About:Center has notified the amendments to the GFR 2017 to ensure that henceforth global tenders will be disallowed in government procurement up to 200 crore rupees, as announced in the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Package.

It is a big boost to domestic suppliers especially micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs).

Recently the Union Finance Minister had announced an economic support package MSMEs, which includes disallowing global tender for government procurement up to 200 crore rupees.

6)Western Ghats to be declared Ecologically Sensitive Area soon:- Union Minister of Environment interacted with Chief Ministers & State Government Officers of six states viz, Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu to discuss issues relating to notification of Ecologically Sensitive Area (ESA) pertaining to Western Ghats.

About:To protect the bio diversity of Western Ghats while allowing for sustainable development of the region, Government of India had constituted a High Level Working Group under the Chairmanship of Dr. Kasturirangan. ( Kasturirangan Committee for Western Ghats).

The Committee had recommended that identified geographical areas falling in the six States of Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu may be declared as Ecologically Sensitive Areas.

A draft notification was issued in October 2018 mentioning the areas to be notified in the ESA.

The states expressed their desire to expedite early notification while protecting interest of ecology and environment. 

What is ESA? When an area is declared ESA, it means that restrictions are put on mining, thermal plants, quarrying, construction and setting up of industries.

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