PIB News Analysis 21/05/2020

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1)India-Bangladesh sign Inland Water Transit and Trade Protocol:- India and Bangladesh signed the second Addendum of the Inland Water Transit and Trade Protocol in Bangladesh.

Under the new protocol, the countries can ply on designated protocol route. Also, movement of shallow draft mechanized vessels have been allowed between Dhubri (India) and Chilmari (Bangladesh).

Fact : JOGIGHOPA Multi-modal Logistics Park is in Assam.

2)Agappe Chitra Magna launched by SCTIMST to detect COVID-19:- Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Science and Technology operating under Department of Science and Technology has launched magnetic nano particle based RNA extraction kit called “Agappe Chitra Magna”.
The nanoparticles are used to capture RNA from the sample of the patient. The kit enhanced detection of positive cases.

3)GoI: Scheme launched for 100% solarization of Konark Sun Temple and Town:- Ministry of New and Renewable Energy launched a scheme to solarize the Konark town and Konark sun temple completely.

4)May 21: National Anti-Terrorism Day:- Every year on May 21, India observes National Anti-Terrorism Day. The day is observed to mark the death anniversary of the former prime minister Rajiv Gandhi.

5)India-China conflict in Ladakh: The importance of Pangong Tso lake:-

What is Line of Actual Control and Why the Dispute :-

The disputed boundary between India and China, also known as the Line of Actual Control (LAC), is divided into three sectors: western, middle and eastern. The countries disagree on the exact location of the LAC in various areas, so much so that India claims that the LAC is 3,488 km long while the Chinese believe it to be around 2,000 km long.

The two armies try and dominate by patrol to the areas up to their respective perceptions of the LAC, often bringing them into conflict and leading to incidents such as those witnessed in Naku La in Sikkim earlier this month.

The LAC mostly passes on the land, but Pangong Tso is a unique case where it passes through the water as well. The points in the water at which the Indian claim ends and Chinese claim begins are not agreed upon mutually.

Pangong TSo lake and its Tactical Significance :- In the Ladakhi language, Pangong means extensive concavity, and Tso is lake in Tibetan.

By itself, the lake does not have major tactical significance. But it lies in the path of the Chushul approach, one of the main approaches that China can use for an offensive into Indian-held territory.

Past Events : During the 1962 war, this was where China launched its main offensive — the Indian Army fought heroically at Rezang La, the mountain pass on the southeastern approach to Chushul valley, where the Ahir Company of 13 Kumaon led by Maj. Shaitan Singh made its last stand.

Not far away, to the north of the lake, is the Army’s Dhan Singh Thapa post, named after Major Dhan Singh Thapa who was awarded the country’s highest gallantry award, the Param Vir Chakra.

Fingers in the lake :- The barren mountains on the lake’s northern bank, called the Chang Chenmo, jut forward in major spurs, which the Army calls “fingers”. India claims that the LAC is coterminous with Finger 8, but it physically controls area only up to Finger 4.

Chinese border posts are at Finger 8, while it believes that the LAC passes through Finger 2. Around six years ago, the Chinese had attempted a permanent construction at Finger 4 which was demolished after Indians strongly objected to it.

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