PIB News Analysis 23rd March 2020

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1)Tribute to Martyrs on Shaheedi Diwas:-  Narendra Modi paid tributes to Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru on the occasion of the ShaheediDiwas (Martyrs’ Day).

About Bhagat Singh:-

On 27 September 1907, ‘Shaheed’ Bhagat Singh, one of the greatest Indian revolutionary leaders was born in Lyallpur district, Punjab in present-day Pakistan.


“They may kill me but they cannot kill my ideas. They can crush my body, but they will not be able to crush my spirit.”  – Bhagat Singh

  • He also supported the Congress Party and the non-cooperation movement. But when Gandhi withdrew the movement after the Chauri Chaura incident, he was drawn towards the revolutionary movement.
  • He was particularly affected by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre (1919) and the violence against unarmed Akali protestors at Nankana Sahib (1921).
  • He considered himself an atheist and was also against capitalism.
  • He founded the Naujawan Bharat Sabha in 1926 to promote revolution against British rule by rallying workers and peasant youth. He was the organisation’s secretary.
  • He also founded the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA) in 1928 along with Chandrasekhar Azad, Sukhdev Thapar and others.
  • They wanted to kill the Superintendent of Police responsible for Lajpat Rai’s death, James Scott, but in a case of mistaken identity, they shot and killed J P Saunders, an Assistant Superintendent of Police.
  • On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt threw a bomb in the Central Assembly amidst shouts of ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ (long live the revolution). They also threw pamphlets around which talked about their revolution. Their intention was not to hurt anyone but to spread word of the revolution against British imperialism. They then courted arrest for they wanted a platform to proclaim their nationalistic ideas.
  • Bhagat Singh along with his associates of the HSRA were arrested and tried in the Lahore Conspiracy Case. The case of the assassination of Saunders also came up during interrogation, and was a part of the Lahore Conspiracy Case. The trial started in July 1929.

2)National Supercomputing Mission:-

The 2020-21 is an important year for India’s National Supercomputing Mission (NSM). The mission was set up to provide the country with supercomputing infrastructure to meet the increasing computational demands of academia, researchers, MSMEs, and startups by creating the capability design, manufacturing, of supercomputers indigenously in India.

A first of its kind attempt to boost the country’s computing power, the National Super Computing Mission is steered jointly by the Ministry of Electronics and IT (MeitY) and Department of Science and Technology (DST) and implemented by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC), Pune and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bengaluru. 

The target of the mission was set to establish a network of supercomputers ranging from a few Tera Flops (TF) to Hundreds of Tera Flops (TF) and three systems with greater than or equal to 3 Peta Flops (PF) in academic and research institutions of National importance across the country by 2022.

3)Impact of Coronavirus on Indian Ports:- There is no impact on Cargo Vessels. However, as per the directions of Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, International cruise vessels arriving from foreign destinations are not allowed to call Indian Ports till 31st March 2020.


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