1. Performance of Fisheries Sector
- Realizing the immense scope for development of fisheries and aquaculture, the Government of India has restructured the Central Plan Schemes under an umbrella of Blue Revolution: Integrated Development and Management of Fisheries.
- It was approved in December, 2015 for five years (i.e. till end 2019-20).
- The major components of the CSS on Blue Revolution scheme are as under:
i. Development of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture,
ii. Development of Marine Fisheries, Infrastructure and Post-harvest Operations,
iii. National Scheme for Welfare of Fishermen
iv. Monitoring, Control and Surveillance and other need-based Interventions (MCS),
v. Institutional Arrangement for Fisheries Sector,
vi. Strengthening of Database & Geographical Information System of the Fisheries Sector (SoDGIS),
vii. National Fisheries Development Board and its activities(NFDB)
- The Blue Revolution scheme, with its multi-dimensional activities, focuses mainly on increasing fisheries production and productivity from both aquaculture and fisheries resources in inland and marine sectors.
- ‘Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FIDF)’ was launched in 2018 to assist in creating several infrastructural needs of the sector in the country.
- The Government of India has also extended the facility of Kisan Credit Card (KCC) to fisheries
- The fish production in the country is growing at an annual average rate of 7% during recent years.
2. National Institute of Financial Management, Faridabad, to be renamed as Arun Jaitley National Institute of Financial Management
- NIFM, Faridabad, was set up in 1993 as a registered society under Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, Government of India, with the mandate to train officers of various Finance and Accounts Services recruited by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) through the Civil Services Examination as also officers of Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS).
- The Union Finance Minister is the President of the NIFM Society.
3. National Strategic Plan for TB Elimination (NSP 2017-25)
- It was approved in 2017
- A new scheme, Nikshay Poshan Yojana has been implemented from 01st April 2018, wherein 500 rupees per month is being provided to All TB patients towards nutritional support for the duration of their treatment.
4. “State of the World’s Children Report 2019”of UNICEF
- As per UNICEF’s State of the World’s Children Report 2019, the Under 5 Mortality Rate in India is 37 per 1,000 live births against Global average of 39 per 1,000 live births in 2018
- As per the UNICEF 2019 report, Globalization, urbanization, inequities, humanitarian crises and climate shocks are driving unprecedented negative changes in the nutrition situation of children around the world.
- Government of India has launched POSHAN (Prime Minister Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nourishment) Abhiyaan, to address malnutrition challenges in India by engaging all the important stakeholders in a convergent approach.
- The goals of POSHAN Abhiyaan is to prevent and reduce stunting, underweight and low birth weight by 2% per annum and the reduction of anemia by 3% per annum.
- The Government of India has also launched several schemes under the aegis of Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) to tackle malnutrition in the country including Anganwadi Services, Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) and Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojna (PMMVY) to improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years.
- In order to address child mortality and morbidity, the Government of India is supporting all States/UTs under National Health Mission in implementation of Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, Adolescent health and Nutrition (RMNCAH+N) strategy
5. Steps Taken by the Ministry of Home Affairs for Police Modernization
- While ‘Police’ and ‘Public Order’ are State Subject as per schedule VII to the constitution of India, in order to supplement the efforts of the States for equipping and modernizing of their police forces, under the scheme of ‘Assistance to States for Modernisation of Police’ , the States have been provided central assistance
- The Union Government has created an all India digital network –Crime & Criminal Tracking Networking System (CCTNS) which has digitised police processes like registering complaints, FIRs, Investigation details, etc.
- In addition, the Government has launched Interoperable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) which integrates the process of speedy justice by facilitating data-exchange between the courts, police, prosecution, jails and the forensic laboratories.
- With a view to achieve the objectives of completion of police investigation within two months of filing FIR by police for sexual assaults, Government has facilitated monitoring of timelines in police investigation through the Investigation Tracking System for Sexual Offences (ITSSO) Portal, using CCTNS data.
- The Government has also launched a National Database of Sexual Offenders (NDSO) for law enforcement officers. NDSO allows tracking of repeat and habitual sex offenders as well as initiate preventive measures against sexual offences.
Daily Hindu News Analysis Link: https://temsias.com/category/daily-the-hindu-current-affairs/