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PIB News Synopsis 16th December, 2019

1. Vijay Diwas
It is commemorated every 16 December in India, to Indian military’s victory over Pakistan in Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 for the liberation of Bangladesh from Pakistan.

2. Exercise SURYA KIRAN-XIV
Joint military training exercise between India and Nepal

3. National Safety Awards (Mines) Scheme

  • To promote a competitive spirit amongst mine operators for the betterment of safety standards in mines and give due recognition to outstanding safety performance at the national level, the Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India, instituted the National Safety Awards (Mines) in 1983 as the contest year 1983 with 1984 as Award year.
  • The indicators of safety performance for determining eligibility of these awards are:
    • Longest accident free period (LAFP) in terms of man shifts worked during three consecutive years ending with the contest year
    • Lowest injury frequency rate (LIFR) during three consecutive years ending with the contest year

4. India is set to host the 36th International Geological Congress (IGC) in New Delhi during the first week of March 2020

  • The theme for next year conference is ‘Geosciences: The Basic Science for a Sustainable Development’.
  • IGC is popularly described as ‘Olympics of Geosciences’. The IGCs are a prestigious global geoscientific events held once in four years
  • Geological Survey of India is the nodal agency for organizing the IGC 2020.

5. CII organizes “Steeling India-2019”

  • A drive to increase metal intensity in key sectors.
  • The session focused on key industries namely automobile, infrastructure, railway, water, irrigation and housing. It discussed the strategies to promote steel intensive structures and to augment steel consumption
  • The conference will help India pave ways to achieve its target of 300 MT of production by 2030 (according to National Steel Policy). The World Steel Association predicts steel demand in India to reach 103 MT (Million Tonnes) in 2019.

6. What is Disha Act, the new law of Andhra Pradesh?

  • The Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly has recently passed the Andhra Pradesh Disha Bill, 2019 (now, Andhra Pradesh Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2019).
  • Disha is the name given to the veterinarian who was raped and murdered in Hyderabad on 27 November and sparked an outrage across country.
  • The act envisages the completion of investigation in 7 days and trial in 14 working days, where there is adequate conclusive evidence, and reducing total judgment time to 21 days from existing 4 months. The Act also prescribes, death penalty for rape crimes where there is adequate conclusive evidence, and this provision is given by amending Section 376 of Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860.
  • In cases of harassment of women through social/digital media, the Act states 2 years’ imprisonment for first conviction and 4 years for second as well as subsequent convictions.
  • It also prescribes life imprisonment for other sexual offences against children
  • The Andhra Pradesh government will now establish, operate and maintain a register in electronic form, to be called ‘Women & Children Offenders Registry’. This registry will be made public and will also be available to country’s law enforcement agencies.
  • The government will constitute special police teams at district level to be called District Special Police Team. It will be headed by DSP for investigation of offences related to women and children.
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