PIB News Synopsis 19 December, 2019

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1. DRDO successfully flight-tests Pinaka Missile System off Odisha coast

  • The Pinaka is an Artillery Missile System capable of striking into enemy territory up to a range of 75 kilometres with high precision.
  • The Pinaka MK-II Rocket is modified as a missile by integrating with the Navigation, Control and Guidance System to improve the end accuracy and enhance the range.
  • The Navigation system of the missile is also aided by the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS).

2. Indra- 2019

  • Bilateral tri-services Exercise between Indian and Russia
  • The exercise included joint training in counter terrorism and counter insurgency operations under the United Nations mandate.

3. NITI Aayog to draft roadmap for achieving population stabilisation

  • NITI Aayog is organising a National Consultation titled “Realizing the vision of population stabilization: leaving no one behind”
  • The consultative meeting being organised in partnership with Population Foundation of India (PFI) will bring together senior officials, experts and subject matter specialists to discuss ways and means of strengthening India’s population policy and family planning programmes.

4. India is world’s third largest producer of scientific articles: US Report

  • Latest report by US National Science Foundation (NSF).
  • As per the statistics compiled in report, China has topped the list followed by US.

5.Jalsathi programme: Odisha Govt. launches programme to ensure supply of safe drinking water

  • Under ‘Jalsathi’ programme, about 5,000 women will be engaged for supplying safe drinking water.
  • Earlier, the state government had also engaged women self-help groups (SHGs) under ‘Mission Shakti‘, for collection of power dues, paddy procurement, mid-day meal preparation activities.
  • Therefore, the inclusion of woman volunteers from Mission Shakti for piped water supply where they will serve people as ‘Jalasathis’ will further boost their economic empowerment.

6. WHO launches first biosimilar medicine to treat Breast Cancer

  • WHO launched a biosimilar medicine “Trastuzumab” in order to treat breast cancers.
  • It is an antibody that shows high efficacy in curing early stages of breast cancers.
  • It was included in the WHO Essential Medicines List in 2015
  • The Essential Medicines according to the WHO, are the medicines that satisfy priority health care needs. It was launched in 1977 and updated once in two years. The list includes medicines for both adult and children. The current list was published in April 2019.
  • Biosimilar medicines are produced from biological sources like cells and not from synthesized chemicals. They are important to treat cancers and other non-communicable diseases. They are less expensive and give same effectiveness as that of generic medicines.

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