PIB News Synopsis 19th February, 2019

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1. Cabinet approves Constitution of 22nd Law Commission of India for a term of three years

  • It will consist of:
    • a full-time Chairperson;
    • four full-time Members (including Member-Secretary)
    • Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member;
    • Secretary, Legislative Department as ex officio Member; and
    • not more than five part-time Members.
  • The Law Commission of India shall, inter-alia,: –
    • identify laws which are no longer needed or relevant and can be immediately repealed;
    • examine the existing laws in the light of Directive Principles of State Policy and suggest ways of improvement and reform ;
    • consider and convey to the Government its views on any subject relating to law and judicial administration ;
    • Consider the requests for providing research to any foreign countries;
    • take all such measures as may be necessary to harness law and the legal process in the service of the poor;
    • revise the Central Acts of general importance so as to simplify them and remove anomalies, ambiguities and inequities
  • The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time.
  • The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is re-constituted every three years. The tenure of twenty-first Law Commission of India was upto 31st August, 2018.

2. National Museum is hosting a unique exhibition on India’s ancient food history “Historical Gastronomica – The Indus Dining Experience” from 19th to 25th February at New Delhi

  • It goes back to more than 5000 years ago.
  • This thematic gallery also displays the famous Bronze Dancing Girl, which was excavated from Mohenjodaro, a Harappan site.
  • ‘Indus Dining Experience’ – curated jointly by the National Museum and One Station Million Stories (OSMS) – is based on archaeological research, museum artefacts and their characteristics.
  • The exhibition demonstrates how the first humans evolved due to food habits, learnt to distinguish edible from non-edible substance, food processing techniques and related architecture of the Harappans.
  • It shows how Climate Change defined and continues to define Food Security.
  • One Station Million Stories is a Delhi-based dynamic team that specializes in the craft of storytelling through extensive technical research.
  • One of the main draws of this exhibition is tasting the food of the Indus-Saraswati Civilization — recreated by National Award-winning Chef Saby (Sabyasachi Gorai).

3. Cabinet approves the Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill 2020

  • The Assisted Reproductive Technology Regulation Bill 2020 is the most recent, in a series of legislations approved by the Union Cabinet to protect and safeguard the reproductive rights of women.
  • The bill makes provisions for safe and ethical practice of assisted reproductive technology services in the country.
  • Through the bill, the National Board, the State Boards, the National Registry and the State Registration Authorities respectively will regulate and supervise assisted reproductive technology clinics and assisted reproductive technology banks.
  • Consequently, infertile couples will be more ensured/confident of the ethical practices in ARTs.
  • India has become one of the major centres of this global fertility industry, with reproductive medical tourism becoming a significant activity
  • The need to regulate the Assisted Reproductive Technology Services is mainly to protect the affected Women and the Children from exploitation.
  • The oocyte donor needs to be supported by an insurance cover, protected from multiple embryo implantation and children born through Assisted reproductive technology should be provided all rights equivalent to a Biological Children. The cryopreservation of sperm, oocytes and embryo by the ART Banks needs to be regulated

The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2020 proposes to regulate surrogacy in India by establishing National Board at the central level and State Boards and Appropriate Authorities in the States and Union Territories.

  • While commercial surrogacy will be prohibited including sale and purchase of human embryos and gametes, ethical surrogacy to the Indian Married couple, Indian Origin Married Couple and Indian Single Woman (only widow or Divorcee) will be allowed on fulfillment of certain conditions

Medical Termination Pregnancy Amendment Bill 2020

  • The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971 (34 of 1971) was enacted to provide for the termination of certain pregnancies by registered medical practitioners
  • The said Act recognised the importance of safe, affordable, accessible abortion services to women who need to terminate pregnancy under certain specified conditions

4.North East Sustainable Development Goals Conclave 2020 in Assam

  • NITI Aayog is organising it in Guwahati, in association with the North Eastern Council, Government of Assam, Tata Trusts, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Research and Information System for Developing Countries (RIS).
  • The technical sessions would include sessions pertaining to SDG localisation in the northeast, economic prosperity and sustainable livelihoods, climate adaptive agriculture, health and nutrition, education, skill development and entrepreneurship, connectivity and infrastructure development & inequality and exclusion.

5. India/Bharat 2020

  • The Reference Annual – India / Bharat -2020, carries exhaustive and comprehensive information about India and the activities, progress and achievements of various Government Ministries / Departments / Organisations during the year.
  • It is the 64th edition of the compilation.
  • It is brought out jointly by the Publications Division and New Media Wing of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting .

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