PIB News Synopsis 26th December, 2019

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1. Typhoon “Phanfone” hits hard centre of Philippines killing 20 people

  • About 20 typhoons and storms batter the Philippines each year.
  • The Southeast Asian nation is also located in the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” where earthquakes and volcanic eruptions often occur, making the country of more than 100 million people one of the world’s most disaster-prone

2. Virat Kohli named in Wisden cricketers of the decade list

  • He is alongside four others by the Wisden Cricketers’ Almanac.
  • Apart from Kohli, South African duo of Dale Steyn and AB de Villiers, Australia’s Steve Smith and women’s all-rounder Ellyse Perry also found a place in the list of five cricketers of the decade.
  • Kohli, who has scored 5,775 more international runs than anyone else in the last 10 years, has arguably been the best batsman over the last decade.
  • The 31-year-old Indian was named captain of the Wisden Test team of the decade, while also featuring in the ODI Eleven.

3. FM releases postage stamp to commemorate distinguished service and contribution of Directorate of Revenue Intelligence(DRI) in protecting the nation

  • The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) was constituted on 4th December, 1957 to function as an apex intelligence agency of the Central Board of Indirect Taxes & Customs to counter the menace of smuggling.
  • Through the years, DRI has established itself as the premier intelligence agency commanding the trust of international and national agencies with its intelligence inputs on myriad subjects inter alia ranging from FICN, narcotics, gold, arms & ammunitions, wildlife, cultural heritage and commercial fraud.
  • Over the years, the organisation has sought to reorient itself to new and emerging challenges, such as those relating to black money, money-laundering and narco-terrorism.
  • The DRI has also been designated as the lead agency for S-CORD, the national Anti-smuggling co-ordination centre.

4. South India’s earliest Sanskrit Inscription found in A.P.

  • This significant finding is also the earliest epigraphic evidence for ‘Saptamatrika’ cult so far.
  • The discovery was made in Chebrolu village in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh. The inscription came to light when some local villagers informed ASI authorities about a pillar with some engravings when they were restoring and repairing local Bheemeshwara temple
  • What is Saptamatrikas? They are a group of seven female deities worshipped in Hinduism as personifying the energy of their respective consorts
  • The Inscription found is in Sanskrit and in Brahmi characters and was issued by Satavahana king Vijaya in 207 A.D. The inscription records construction of a prasada (temple), a mandapa (a pavilion for public rituals) and consecration of images on southern side of temple by a person named Kartika for merit of king at temple of Bhagavathi (Goddess) Saktimatruka (Saptamatrika) at Tambrape (which is the ancient name of Chebrolou).
  • Until now the Nagarjunakonda inscription of Ikshavaku king Ehavala Chantamula issued in his 11th reignal year (4th century A.D.) was considered the earliest Sanskrit inscription in South India.

5. India’s first Transgender University to come up in UP

  • It will be opened in Fazilnagar block of Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The university is being built by Akhil Bhartiya Kinnar Siksha Seva Trust (All-India transgender education service trust).
  • The university will facilitate its members to study right from class 1 to Post Graduate (PG) and even do research and get PhD degree.

6. Govt to launch Digital Radio by 2024

  • Centre government is planning to revamp ‘All India Radio’ officially known as ‘Akashvani’ by introducing Digital Radio in India by 2024, when the country will be technologically-equipped for it.
  • AIR was established in 1936 and is officially known as Akashvani since 1956.
  • It is the national public radio broadcaster of India and is a division of Prasar Bharati, which is India’s largest public broadcasting agency.
  • AIR is sister service of Prasar Bharati’s Doordarshan elevision Network.

7. Pakistan to import polio markers from India

  • There are three countries in the world where Polio is still endemic. It includes Pakistan, Nigeria and Afghanistan.
  • The polio markers are used to mark the fingers of the children after they are vaccinated with vaccines that are approved by the WHO.
  • Polio: The disease is caused by Polio virus. In 1995, India launched Global Polio Eradication initiative of WHO that aims at 100% coverage.
  • With the programme successfully implemented, India has completely eradicated Polio. The last case of Polio was reported in 2011 in India.

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