PIB News Synopsis 31st December, 2019

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1. MOHUA announces results of Swachh Survekshan League (quarter 1 and quarter 2)

  • Swachh Survekshan League 2020 (SS League 2020) was introduced with the objective of sustaining the onground performance of cities along with continuous monitoring of service level performance when it comes to cleanliness.
  • SS League 2020 is being conducted in 3 quarters, i.e. April- June, July – September and October- December 2019 and has 2000 marks for each quarter evaluated on the basis of monthly updation of SBM-U online MIS by cities along with citizen’s validation on the 12 service level progress indicators through outbound calls.

  • Ranks have been assigned in two categories, namely, cities with population of one lakh and above (with two sub-categories, i.e. 1-10 lakh and 10 lakhs and above) and cities with population of less than 1 lakh (under the < 1 lakh population category, the rankings are given zone and population wise).
  • The performance of cities in SS League 2020 is crucial to their ranking in Swachh Survekshan 2020 due to the 25% weightage of the quarterly assessments to be included in the annual survey scheduled to commence from 4 January till 31 January 2020.

2. Central Equipment Identify Register: Government launches web portal to trace stolen mobiles

  • The web portal will operate under Department of Telecom.
  • The portal will also hold database of IMEI numbers of blacklisted handsets. When a phone is listed in blacklist, the wireless carriers will not allow the phone to connect to a network.
  • The CEIR has powers to block the usage of the phone. On the other hand, the predecessor technologies of CEIR were able to block the sim cards alone.
  • The CEIR also has powers to access the GSMA database.
  • GSMA is Global system of Mobile Communications. The database of GSMA holds manufacturer and model numbers.
  • IMEI is the International Mobile Equipment Identity is a unique number that can be found in batteries of phones.
  • Australia was the first country to adopt IMEI.

3. General Bipin Rawat appointed as CDS officer

  • On December 31, 2019, General Bipin Rawat was appointed as the Chief of Defence Staff. He recently retired as Chief of Army Staff and was succeeded by General Manoj Mukund.
  • Recently, the Union Cabinet approved the post of Chief of Defence Staff in the rank of four star general.
  • The CDS will also head the Department of Military affairs which is to be created with in the Ministry of Defence. He will act as the military advisor to the Government of India.
  • The post was created in order to bring in reforms in military focusing on minimal use of resources with maximum output.
  • The idea of creation of such a post was mooted by Lord Mountbatten. However, officially the suggestion came in after Kargil war in 1999.
  • The four-star rank of an officer in India is given to 5 officers. It includes Admiral of Indian Navy, Air Chief Marshal of Indian Air Force, General of Indian Army and Director of Intelligence Bureau. Now, the rank is given to CDS officer as well.

4. Sustainable Development Goal Index Released

  • According to the report, the overall composite score of India improved from 60 in 2018 to 57 in 2019. India succeeded in the areas of power and industry, water and sanitation, nutrition and gender equality. The index covered 16 out of 17 SDGs.
  • Kerala ranked first in composite SDG index with score of 70. Kerala was followed by Himachal Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Tamil Nadu. The biggest improvement was seen in states such as Uttar Pradesh, Odisha and Sikkim.
  • The states were classified under 4 categories based on their scores. The states with scores between 0 and 49 were categorized ‘Aspirant’, between 50 and 64 were ‘Performers’, between 65 and 99 were ‘Front Runner’ and with a score of 100 were categorized ‘Achiever’.

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