1. Improving Soil Productivity and Fertility
- Soil Health Card (SHC) Scheme:
To assist State Governments to provide soil health cards to all farmers across the country once in a cycle of 2 years.
- Soil Health Card provides information to farmers on nutrient status of their soil along with recommendations on appropriate dosage of nutrients to be applied for improving soil health and its fertility.
- ‘Development of Model Villages’ : To increase acceptability of SHC by farmers soil samples collection has been taken up at individual farm holding
2. Policy Measures to Double the Income of Farmers and Farm Labourers
1) Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-KISAN):
- To provide income support to all farmers’ families across the country, to enable them to take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as domestic needs, the Central Government started a new Central Sector Scheme
- The scheme aims to provide a payment of Rs. 6000/- per year, in three 4-monthly installments of Rs. 2000/- to the farmers families, subject to certain exclusions relating to higher income groups.
2) Pradhan Mantri Kisan Maan-Dhan Yojana (PM-KMY):
- For providing old age pension to these farmers.
- Under this Scheme, a minimum fixed pension of Rs. 3000/- will be provided to the eligible small and marginal farmers, subject to certain exclusion clauses, on attaining the age of 60 years.
3) Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
This scheme provides insurance cover for all stages of the crop cycle including post-harvest risks in specified instances, with low premium contribution by farmers.
4) “Per drop more crop” initiative under which drip/sprinkler irrigation is being encouraged
5) “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY)” for promoting organic farming.
6) Launch of e-NAM initiative to provide farmers an electronic transparent and competitive online trading platform.
7) Under “Har Medh Par Ped”, agro forestry is being promoted for additional income.
8) ‘Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA): The Scheme is aimed at ensuring remunerative prices to the farmers for their produce
9) Bee keeping has been promoted under Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)
3. India-China Trade Deficit
As per the data provided by DGCIS, India’s trade with China decreased from USD 89.71 billion in 2017-18 to USD 87.07 billion in 2018-19.
4. National Mission on Edible Oils (NMEO)
- Country needs 25 million tonnes of edible oils to meet its requirement at current consumption level of 19 kg per person per year.
- Out of the total requirement, 10.50 million tonnes is produced domestically and remaining 60%, is met through import.
- The major challenges in oilseed production is largely rain-fed conditions , high seed cost (Groundnut and Soybean), small holding with limited resources, low seed replacement rate and low productivity.
- To increase domestic availability and reduce import dependency, a National Mission on Edible Oils (NMEO) is proposed for next five years (2020-21 to 2024-25).
- NMEO covering three Sub-Missions to increase production of oilseeds and edible oils from
(i) Primary Sources (Annual Crops, Plantation Crops and Edible TBOs),
(ii) Secondary Sources (Rice bran oil and Cotton seed oil) and
(iii) Consumer Awareness for maintaining edible oil consumption constant at 19.00 kg per person per annum.
5. Bio-Medical Waste
- As informed by Central Pollution Control Board and as per Bio-medical Waste Management Rules, 2016, Bio-medical waste is required to be segregated in 4 color coded waste categories, and the same is treated and disposed as per the specified methods of disposal prescribed under Schedule I of the Rules.
- Bio-medical waste generated from the hospitals shall be treated and disposed by Common Bio-medical Waste Treatment and Disposal Facility.
- Common methods of treatment and disposal of bio-medical waste are by incineration/plasma pyrolysis/deep-burial for Yellow Category waste; autoclaving/microwaving/chemical disinfection for Red Category waste; sterilization and shredding, disinfection followed by burial in concrete pit/recycling through foundry/encapsulation for White Category sharps waste; and washing, disinfection followed by recycling for Blue Category glass waste.
6. Ease of Living Index(EoLI) and Municipal Performance Index(MPI) 2019 Launched by the Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs.
- Both these indices are designed to assess quality of life of citizens in 100 Smart Cities and 14 other Million Plus Cities.
- With the Municipal Performance Index 2019, the Ministry has sought to assess the performance of municipalities based on five enablers namely Service, Finance, Planning, Technology and Governance which have been further divided into 20 sectors which will be evaluated across 100 indicators.
- Ease of Living Index is aimed at providing a holistic view of Indian cities – beginning from the services provided by local bodies, the effectiveness of the administration, the outcomes generated through these services in terms of the liveability within cities and, finally, the citizen perception of these outcomes.
- EoLI 2019 will facilitate the assessment of ease of living of citizens across three pillars: Quality of Life, Economic Ability and Sustainability which are further divided into 14 categories across 50 indicators.
7. Sakhi Centres
- One Stop Centre(OSC) scheme, popularly known as Sakhi Centres, is being implemented across the country since 1st April 2015 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development
- As per the OSC Scheme, OSCs are required to facilitate women affected by violence with a range of integrated services under one roof including police facilitation, medical aid, legal aid and legal counselling, psycho-social counseling and temporary shelter, and are to be located within 2 kms radius of the hospitals or medical facilities.
8. Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative Report
- Produced by University of Oxford in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report Office (UNDP HDRO)
- The report observes that in India, there were 271 million fewer people in poverty in 2016 than in 2006, which shows improvement in status.
- The report noted that of the 10 selected countries for which changes over time were analysed, India and Cambodia reduced their Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) values the fastest—and they did not leave the poorest groups behind.
9. Global Gender Gap Index
- Global Gender Gap Index (GGGI) published by the World Economic Forum in 2018 ranks 149 countries on their status of gender equality through various parameters.
- On this index, India ranked 108th on its performance on gender equality.
- In the Global Gender Gap Index 2020, the number of countries increased to 153 in which India’s ranking was 112th.
- India’s score has moved from 0.665 in 2018 to 0.668 in 2020.