TEMS The Hindu & Indian Express News Analysis- 23rd April 2021

Questions of the day:

1) Which of the following countries share borders with Republic of Chad?

  1. Libya
  2. Sudan
  3. Egypt
  4. South Sudan
    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a. 1 and 2 only
b. 1 and 3 only
c. 2 and 4 only
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

2)Which of the following is purpose of ISRO’s RESPOND Programme?

a. Space telescope for atmospheric studies of Exo-planets
b. Academic infrastructure for Indian Space programme.
c. Geospatial imagery to monitor natural hazards and disaster
d. Rover for sampling and analysis of lunar soil

3) Which of the following organization releases World Press Freedom Index’?

a. International Centre for Journalists
b. Transparency International
c. Committee to Protect Journalists
d. Reporters without Borders

Prelims Noteworthy Facts:

  1. Every year the World Book and Copyrights Day is celebrated on April 23 by UNESCO. UNESCO is United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation. This year, to celebrate the World Book and Copyright Day, UNESCO has created “Bookface Challenge”.
  2. The IIT Kharagpur has successfully commercialised the healthcare product COVIRAP.
    COVIRAP is a diagnostic technology to detect COVID-19 virus. The technology is also capable of testing influenza, dengue, malaria. Tuberculosis and Japanese Encephalitis.
  3. The Perseverance rover of Mars 2020 Mission of NASA recently converted carbon dioxide into oxygen. This is the first time this has been achieved in another planet. This was achieved by MOXIE, an instrument placed in the front side of the rover. What is MOXIE? MOXIE is Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilisation Experiment.
  4. The International Energy Agency recently released the Global Energy Review report. According to the report, the Carbon Dioxide emissions in India is to be 1.4% higher than the levels recorded in 2019.
    The coal-fired power generation is to increase by three times higher than the increase in generation from the renewables. The coal demand is expected to increase by 9%.
  5. The World Economic Forum recently released the Global Energy Transition Index. The index was prepared in collaboration with Accenture. Sweden ranked first in the report followed by Norway and Denmark.
    India ranked 87th in the index. China was ranked 68th in the index.
    The Global Energy Transition Index benchmarks 115 countries based in their performance across three dimensions namely Environmental sustainability, economic development and growth and energy security.
  6. Libya based rebels that are currently attacking Chad are called FACT.
    FACT is Front for Change and Concord in Chad and was formed in 2016.
    On April 20, 2021, the President of Chad Idriss Deby died of injuries after fighting against these rebels.

Editorials of the day:

  1. Making Education Accessible and Affordable (click here)

Access and affordability continue to impact teachers and students. Exams have lost their reliability and learning has taken a back seat.
Access to education is entirely dependent on online classes. Internet penetration in India is 50% which is one reason for the less than efficient performance in the online education sector.
Education is one of the three functions of the two agencies under the Prasar Bharati Act.
All India Radio (AIR) with 470 broadcasting centres and Doordarshan DD with its 34 satellite channels, 17 well-equipped studios in State capitals and 49 studio centres in other cities., and Internet service providers are some possible solutions for making education accessible and affordable.
The government can ask Internet Service Providers to offer many hours of free Internet usage to teachers and students. 

2. National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM) The Hindu

Indian prepares to launch the National Hydrogen Energy Mission (NHEM).

The global target is to produce 1.45 million tonnes of green hydrogen by 2023.

What is green hydrogen?
Green Hydrogen is pure hydrogen generated by using renewable energy such as solar power and wind energy. The by products are water and water vapour.

India currently consumes approximately 5.5 million tonnes of hydrogen, which is mainly derived from imported fossil fuels. With NHEM, India will be able to reduce its reliance on fossil fuel imports.

Challenges– High Transportation cost, High cost of production & Storage related issues

How to scale up commercial scale operation of green hydrogen in India-

Decentralize hydrogen production by transporting renewable energy directly from the plant to the refinery, which will reduce transportation costs by 60% compared to shipping hydrogen through trucks.
Continuous access to renewable energy for decentralized hydrogen production.
Need to blend green Hydrogen into existing conventional hydrogen process.
Investment for R&D on green Hydrogen technology is required
Focus on domestic manufacturing by establishing an end-to-end electrolyser manufacturing facility.

Way forward-

With decentralized hydrogen production, continuous access to renewable energy, increased investment in R&D, capacity building, compatible legislation, and the ability to create demand among its vast population, India can be in a unique position to benefit from the green Hydrogen.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
%d bloggers like this: