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The Hindu Newspaper 13th April 2020

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1)Consider the following statements.

  1. The right to carry on trade or business using the Internet are constitutionally protected.
  2. In India, Information Technology Act, 2000 is the only law that deal with suspension of Internet services.
  3. Section 144 CrPC gives power to a District Magistrate to block the internet access.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

2)Nature Risk Rising Report was recently released by

3)Consider the following statements.

  1. The right to protest, to publicly question and force the government to answer, is a fundamental political right of the people that flows directly from a democratic reading of Article 19.
  2. Access to the internet is a fundamental right under Article 19.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Map of the Day :- Very important ( Deserts of the World) 

 

Bio Fortified Carrots developed by farmer scientist:-A farmer scientist of Junagadh district, Gujarat Shri Vallabhai Vastambhai Marvaniya developed biofortified carrots. The carrots are locally called “Madhuban Gajar”. It is rich in β-carotene and iron.

The biofortified carrot variety is benefiting more than 150 local farmers. The yield of the variety is 40 to 50 tonnes per hectare. The variety has been cultivated in over 1000 hectares of land this season.

The validation trials of the carrot was conducted by National Innovation Foundation that operates under Department of Science and Technology.

The farmer scientist was awarded with Padma Shri in 2019 for his contribution in the field of agriculture and in specific to carrots.

2) Meru Jatra:- Odisha’s Ganjam district administration has banned the Meru Jatra festival and congregations related to it at temples on the occasion of Mahavishub Sankranti on Monday.

3) Gini Coefficient and India:– Gini Coefficient is a statistical measure to gauge the rich-poor income or wealth divide.

  • It measures inequality of a distribution be it of income or wealth within nations or States.
  • Gini Coefficients can be used to compare income distribution of a country over time as well.
  • Its value varies anywhere from zero to 1, zero indicating perfect equality and one indicating the perfect inequality.

A general rise in Gini Coefficient indicates that government policies are not inclusive and may be benefiting the rich as much as (or even more than) the poor.

Lorenz Curve:– The distribution of Income in an economy is represented by the Lorenz Curve and the degree of income inequality is measured through the Gini Coefficient.

The Lorenz Curve (the actual distribution of income curve), a graphical distribution of wealth developed by Max Lorenzin 1906, shows the proportion of income earned by any given percentage of the population.

4) CSIR-Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute:-The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (also known as CSIR-CMERI Durgapur or CMERI Durgapur) is a public engineering research and development institution in Durgapur, West Bengal, India.

It is a constituent laboratory of the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). This institute is the only national level research institute in the field of mechanical engineering in India.

The CMERI was founded in February 1958 under the endorsement of the CSIR. It was founded to develop national mechanical engineering technology, particularly in order to help Indian industries.

5)Pandemic impact: first batch of Rafales likely to fly in late:- The arrival of the first batch of Rafale fighter jets for the Indian Air Force is likely to be delayed by around three months due to the COVID­-19 pandemic, as France battles rising infections and deaths, and continuing lockdown restrictions, which have also impacted the training schedule, defence sources said.

Rafale:- The Dassault Rafale, literally meaning “gust of wind”, and “burst of fire” in a more military sense) is a French twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. Equipped with a wide range of weapons, the Rafale is intended to perform air supremacy, interdiction, aerial reconnaissance, ground support, in-depth strike, anti-ship strike and nuclear deterrence missions. The Rafale is referred to as an “omnirole” aircraft by Dassault.

Editorials of the Day :-

Ceasfire:- 

The latest exchange of longrange artillery fire between the Indian and Pakistani armies in Poonch and Kupwara’s Rawthpora, Panzgam, Malikpora,Hafrada and Ferkiyan areas is yet another unhappy reminder that both countries have not been able to uphold a ceasefire along the border areas and the Line of Control.

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh claimed justtwo months ago that “all violations of ceasefire are taken up with Pakistan authorities at the appropriate level through the established mechanism of hotlines, flag meetings as well as weekly talks between the Directorate Generals of Military Operations of the two countries
this February: 3,479 violations for 2019, which works out to almost 10 every day.
What utility do these mechanisms have if the violations continue unchecked?
Those who bear the brunt — the loss of lives, livelihood, infrastructure, and the displacement — unfortunately live along the LoC on both sides.

Army blames Pakistan for initiating the shelling in Kupwara’s Keran sector to facilitate infiltration which seems to have picked up pace as have operations against terrorists.
Infiltrations at this time and in such remote areas are regular enough to be predictable. Wherever possible, exercising the option of precise, surgical, preventive actionagainst such infiltration, to minimise collateral damage, through better use of technology, such as drones, might be preferable.

Editorial 2 :- Disingenuous and no antidote:- 


The Central government made a claim, on the eve of April 1, April Fool’s Day, that “fake news” alone is responsible for the untold misery and loss of life of migrant workers after the lockdown.

Fake news is, a report, presented as authoritative, of an event which never actually occurred.

Fake news is a menace not only because it is usually motivated by an intent to deceive and misinform but also because it may induce people to act on the information.

This can have grave consequences, especially where the penetration of mobile telephony and social media exceeds that of education and awareness.

An opinion that you disagree with, cannot be branded as “fake news”, because it is just that, opinion.

You cannot, by mischaracterising criticism as “fake news”, escape from having to respond to it.

Response needed:- 
The government’s response to the mass exodus was, by any yardstick, uncoordinated, where initially there was abject confusion,then the States reportedly provided vehicles to ferry the workers, and, finally, the States were directed to seal their borders.

Instead of responding, the government, on affidavit to the Supreme Court of India in response to petitions that migrant workers need to be provided for during lockdown, says that the only culprit for the loss of life and hardship of migrant workers is, simply, “fake news”.

Fake news is apparently to blame for upsetting the government’s careful calculation that millions of migrant workers would have serenely stayed put and there would have been no hardship whatsoever.

The government cannot be permitted, by the artifice of “fake news”, to bypass the criticism that it should have planned better, coordinated between Centre and State governments, and been clear in strategy and communication.

Chanting the mantra of “fake news” cannot wish away these questions.

Court’s line:- 

If false information circulated on social media is dangerous because it can trigger action, misleading statements or lack of clarity in government messaging is even more dangerous, given the credibility of the source.

No government should be permitted to hide behind a vague assertion of “fake news” to abdicate responsibility for its actions.

COVID-19 and the crumbling world order:- 

COVID­19 will fundamentally transform the world as we know it: the world order, its balance of power, traditional conceptions of national security, and the future of globalisation.

The lethal combination of an interconnected world and a deadly virus without a cure is taking humanity into uncharted waters. When we emerge from the lockdown, we must be ready to confront new political and social realities.

Crumbling world order:- 
The rampant spread of COVID­19 is also a failure of the contemporary world order and its institutions. The contemporary global order, whatever remains of the institutions created by the victors of World War II, was a hegemonic exercise meant to deal with isolated political and military crises and not serve humanity at large.

The United Nations Security Council took so long to meet (that too inconclusively) to discuss the pandemic is a ringing testimony to the UN’s insignificance.

Regional institutions haven’t fared any better. Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s SAARC initiative, curiously resurrecting a practically dead institution, was short­lived.

The global institutional architecture of the 1940s cannot help humanity face the challenges of the 2020s.

Who will Benefit and How ?:- 
One country that is likely to come out stronger from this crisis is China. When the greatest military power found itself in denial mode and the members of the EU were looking after their own interests, China appeared to use its manufacturing power to its geopolitical advantage. Beijing has offered medical aid and expertise to those in need.

Chinese actions are a smart economic investment for geopolitical gains. This will aid Beijing’s claims to global leadership, push Huawei 5G trials as a side bargain, and showcase how the Belt and Road Initiative is the future of global connectivity.

COVID­19 will further push the international system into a world with Chinese characteristics.

 

 

 

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