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The Hindu Newspaper 03rd April 2020

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1)Kibber Wildlife sanctuary is located in

  1. Uttarakhand
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Puducherry
  4. Maharashtra

2)Dharwar Rocks can be found in

  1. Rajasthan
  2. Odisha
  3. Meghalaya

Select the correct code

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

3)Which of the following are nitrogen fixing bacteria?

  1. Anabaena
  2. Azotobacter
  3. Rhizobium

Select the correct code:

  1. 1 and 2
  2. 2 and 3
  3. 1 and 3
  4. All of the above

4)If you travel through the Himalayas, you are likely to  see  which  of  the  following  plants  naturally growing there?
1. Oak
2. Rhododendron
3. Sandalwood
Select  the  correct  answer  using  the  code  given below:

(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) Only 3
(c) 1 and 3 only
(d) 1,  2  and  3

Explanation of Answer 3Two kinds of nitrogen-fixing bacteria are recognized. The first kind, the free-living (nonsymbiotic) bacteria, includes the cyanobacteria (or blue-green algae) Anabaena and  Nostoc and genera such as Azotobacter, Beijerinckia, and Clostridium.

The second kind comprises the mutualistic (symbiotic) bacteria; examples include Rhizobium, associated with leguminous plants (e.g., various members of the pea family); Frankia, associated with certain dicotyledonous species (actinorhizal plants); and certain Azospirillum species,  associated with cereal grasses.

Map of the Day :- MERCOSUR

The funding States Parties of MERCOSUR and signatories of the Treaty of Asuncion are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

Given that the Treaty of Asuncion is open to new additions of other States Parties of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI), Venezuela* was established as the first Latin American State to adhere to the constitutive treaty in 2006 and more recently, Bolivia in 2015. (Bolivia is still not the Permanent member but is in the process).

News:-

1)Geo-fencing app will be used to locate quarantine violators:- The Centre is using powers under the Indian Telegraph Act to “fetch information” from telecom companies every 15 minutes to track COVID-19 cases across the country.

The government has tested an application that triggers emails and SMS alerts to an authorised government agency if a person has jumped quarantine or escaped from isolation, based on the person’s mobile phone’s cell tower location. The “geofencing” is accurate by up to 300 m, a government communication said.

Kerala was one of the first States to use geo-fencing to track COVID-19 cases.

It is called COVID-19 Quarantine Alert System(CQAS).

The States have been asked to seek the approval of their Home Secretaries under the provisions of Section 5(2) of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885, for the specified mobile phone numbers to request the DoT to provide information by email or SMS in case of violation of “geo-fencing”.

2)Name of Forest Range and Location :-

Agasthyavanam Biological Park (ABP) and the Neyyar and Peppara forest range are in Kerala.

Neyyar Sanctuary : Kerala

Peppara Forest Range : Kerala

3) What is OTT media service :- An over-the-top (OTT) media service is a streaming media service offered directly to viewers via the Internet.

OTT bypasses cable, broadcast, and satellite television platforms, the companies that traditionally act as a controller or distributor of such content.

Ex. Netflix, Amazon Prime, Hotstar

4) What is Tablighi Jamaat:- The Tablighi Jamaat (Societyof Preachers) was founded by a Deobandi Islamic scholar Muhammad Ilyas al Kandhlawi in Mewat, India, in 1926.

Inspired by the Deobandi creed, the Tablighis urge fellow Muslims to live like theProphet did.

They are theologically opposed to the syncretic nature of Sufi Islam and insist on its members to dress like the Prophet did (trouser or robe should be above the ankle). Men usually shave their upper lip and keep long beard. The focus ofthe organisation was on ‘purifying’ the Muslim faith.

The Emir is the leader of the international movement and is always related to the group’s founder Muhammad Ilyas al Kandhlawi.

They divide themselves into small Jamaats (societies) and travel frequently across the world to spread the message of Islam to Muslim houses.

5)Southern India Textile Research Association (SITRA) is in Coimbatore.

6)FATF :- The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 on the initiative of the G7.

It is a “policy-making body” which works to generate the necessary political will to bring about national legislative and regulatory reforms in various areas.

The FATF Secretariat is housed at the OECD headquarters in Paris.

Originally when it was formed it had the task of Fighting Money Laundering, later in 2001 it involved the task of stopping Terror Financing as well.

7)Editorial of the Day –

Making the private sector care for public health

Given the resource constraints of both the Central and State governments, it is clear that government hospitals alone will not be able to manage the Covid-19 fallout.

Moreover,even within the government system, tertiary care and public health are the weakest links.

Govt. Hospitals and Healthcare is Already overburdened.

So what is Needed ? :- There is aneed for a comprehensive national policy to ensure that private healthcare capacity is made available to the public.

The National Health Authority has recommended that the testing and treatment of COVID-19 be included in the PM-Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) but this proposal is still awaiting clearance.(Since Testing Cost Rs.4500 which can’t be afforded by many.)

The governance of the health service systemis clearly fragmentedand hascreated anxiety among the public.

Author Proposes a way to incorporate Private Sector into Healthcare for now :- One way of expanding such facilities would be for the government to ‘take over’ private corporate laboratories and hospitals for a limited period.

Any International Example of this ? :- The Spanish government issued an order bringing hospitals in the large private corporate sector under public control for a limited period.

Editorial 2:

Looking east to contain COVID-19

Central Theme :- The strategies employed by S. Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore and China are instructive for India.

All four countries did two things that were key to breaking the chain oftransmission.

First, each instituted a widespread and rigorous regime of early testing and contact tracing.

Second, all four deployed information and communication technology to trace contacts, keep track of aggregations of movement, and provide realtime notifications on virus spread.

Taiwan’s Example:- Taiwan set the bar here. After integrating its public health databases with border controls, household registry and the national identification system, it linked private mobile phones to the government’s epidemic control centre, enabling enforcement of quarantine.

As a result, the rate of local transmission cases to imported infections isamong the lowest in the world.

As India looks ahead, three lessonsare key.

First, the government muststay prepared to repurpose existing facilities and massively scale up its quarantine square footage.

Secondly ,without detection and patient classification, there can be no intelligent quarantining; the government must use the interval to get its act to gether on testing.

Thirdly , it is time for India to avert its perennial Westward gaze. Many of the most innovative deployment of ideas and systems are being birthed right here to India’s east.

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