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The Hindu News 20/06/2020

Consider the following statements with respect to Dissolution of Lok Sabha

When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices and petitions pending before it or its committees lapse.

A bill passed by both Houses but returned by the President for reconsideration of Houses lapses.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

When the Lok Sabha is dissolved, all business including bills, motions, resolutions, notices, petitions and so on pending before it or its committees lapse.

A bill passed by both Houses but returned by the President for reconsideration of Houses does not lapse.

2)Consider the following statements with respect to Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India

It is a statutory body established through the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940.

It was established in 2008 under the Department of Pharmaceuticals.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

BPPI was established in December, 2008 under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Government of India.

The Bureau has been registered as an independent society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as a separate independent legal entity in April, 2010.

BPPI follows the provisions of GFR, 2017 as amended from time to time, the CVC guidelines, and instructions from the Department of Pharmaceuticals.

Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI) is the implementing agency of Pradhan Mantri Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).

3) Challenger Deep is in

Atlantic
Pacific
Arctic
indian

News:-Russia begins discreet moves to defuse India-China tension

Russia tries to bring normalcy in the India- China Relations before the RIC group meeting hosted by Russia this year.

As per them, If there are tensions between India and China then there will be tensions in both SCO group and the BRICS Group.

About SCO:

What is it? The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, also known as the Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation which was founded in 2001 in Shanghai.

Founding members: China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The cooperation was renamed to Shanghai Cooperation Organisation after Uzbekistan joined the organisation in 2001.

The SCO’s main goals are: strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states; promoting their effective cooperation in politics, trade, the economy, research, technology and culture, as well as in education, energy, transport, tourism, environmental protection, and other areas; making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region; and moving towards the establishment of a democratic, fair and rational new international political and economic order. currently:

Presently, the SCO comprises eight member states, namely the Republic of India, the Republic of Kazakhstan, the People’s Republic of China, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan, and the Republic of Uzbekistan;.

The SCO counts four observer states, namely the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, the Republic of Belarus, the Islamic Republic of Iran and  the Republic of Mongolia.

The SCO has six dialogue partners, namely the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Republic of Armenia, the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, the Republic of Turkey, and the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka.

News:- SC refuses to stay work on Central Vista:- The Narendra Modi government is so possessed by its plan to redevelop the Central Vista, the 3-km long stretch from Rashtrapati Bhavan to India Gate, that even a devastating pandemic is no distraction from it. In fact, amid the nation’s chaotic battle against COVID-19, the Centre has been rushing ahead, ignoring pleas to pause it for further deliberations. The plan is also to construct a new Parliament building by March 2022 and a common central secretariat by March 2024 along with new residences for the Prime Minister and the Vice President near South and North Blocks which will be repurposed as museums. 

Why the Project is being Criticised:-

i)It c-an c-reate problem for Environment.

ii) During C-ovid 19 pandemic- time this was not needed.

News:-

Why in News

Recently, India has attended the virtual 32nd special Eurasian Group on Combating Money Laundering and Financing of Terrorism (EAG) plenary meeting, under the aegis of the Financial Action Task Force.

  • Officials of National Investigation Agency (NIA), Enforcement agencies submitted details on terror-funding.
  • The FATF’s virtual plenary meet is scheduled to be held on 24th June 2020.

EAG

  • It is a regional body comprising nine countries: India, Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Belarus.
  • It is an associate member of the FATF.

Financial Action Task Force

  • The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) is an inter-governmental body established in 1989 during the G7 Summit in Paris.
  • The objectives of the FATF are to set standards and promote effective implementation of legal, regulatory and operational measures for combating money laundering, terrorist financing and other related threats to the integrity of the international financial system.
  • Its Secretariat is located at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) headquarters in Paris.
  • Member Countries: it consists of thirty-seven member jurisdictions.
    • India is one of the members.
  • FATF has two lists:
    • Grey List: Countries that are considered safe haven for supporting terror funding and money laundering are put in the FATF grey list. This inclusion serves as a warning to the country that it may enter the blacklist.
    • Black List: Countries known as Non-Cooperative Countries or Territories (NCCTs) are put in the blacklist. These countries support terror funding and money laundering activities. The FATF revises the blacklist regularly, adding or deleting entries.
  • The FATF Plenary is the decision making body of the FATF. It meets three times per year.

Key Points

  • FATF’S View on Crime amid Covid-19:
    • The FATF which is actively monitoring the impact of the pandemic on measures to combat illicit financing, released a paper on “Covid-19-related Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing Risks and Policy Responses”.
    • It observed an increase in the Covid-19 related crimes, including fraud, cyber-crime, misdirection or exploitation of government funds or international finance assistance.
  • India and FATF:
    • Ahead of the crucial meet on 24th June, India plans to share more evidence with the key FATF members on the narco-terror cases linked to Pakistan-based syndicates, through which funds are allegedly being supplied to the terrorists operating in Jammu and Kashmir.
    • The Enforcement Directorate and the National Investigation Agency have been probing several such cases.
  • Status of Pakistan:
    • Pakistan, which continues to remain on the “grey list” of FATF, had earlier been given the deadline till the June 2020 to ensure compliance with the 27-point action plan against terror funding networks and money laundering syndicates, or face “black listing”.
    • However, owing to the Covid-19 pandemic, the deadline has been shifted to October 2020.

News:- Individual contributions to NDRF get green light from Finance Ministry:- The Finance Ministry has given approval to a proposal to allow individuals and institutions to contribute directly to the National Disaster
Relief Fund (NDRF).

The NDRF was set up in accordance with Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005. It is meant to “meet the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation” for any disaster situation. Although
Section 46 includes a clause for grants made by any person or institution, provisions for such donations had not been made.

News:- IAEA passes critical resolution against Iran:-The resolution was put forward by European states and urges Tehran to provide inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with access to two
sites in Iran to clarify whether undeclared nuclear activity took place there in the early 2000s.
It “calls on Iran to fully cooperate with the Agency and satisfy the Agency’s requests without any further delay, including by providing prompt access to the locations specified by the Agency”. Iran has been blocking access to the sites for months.

The resolution was carried by 25 votes in favour versus two against, with seven abstentions. Russia and China, both of which had spoken out against the prospect of a resolution earlier this week, voted against.

ABOUT IAEA:-

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. The IAEA was established as an autonomous organisation on 29 July 1957. Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, the IAEA reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.

The IAEA is generally described as having three main missions:

Peaceful uses: Promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy by its member states,

Safeguards: Implementing safeguards to verify that nuclear energy is not used for military purposes, and

Nuclear safety: Promoting high standards for nuclear safety.

News:- Khelo India : The Khelo India programme has been introduced to revive the sports culture in India at the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports played in our country and establish India as a great sporting nation.

Talented players identified in priority sports disciplines at various levels by the High-Powered Committee will be provided annual financial assistance of INR 5 lakh per annum for 8 years.

Khelo India School Games, which are a part of the Khelo India programme

World Sickle C-ell Day :

Why in News

Recently, World Sickle Cell Day 2020 was observed in India to increase awareness about the Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) at the national level.

  • The day is recognised by the United Nations and celebrated every year on 19th June.
  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution recognising sickle cell disease as a public health problem on 22th December, 2008.

Key Points

  • Sickle Cell Disease
  • It is an inherited blood disease which is most common among people of African, Arabian and Indian origin.
  • It is a group of disorders that affects hemoglobin, the molecule in red blood cells that delivers oxygen to cells throughout the body. 
  • People with this disease have atypical hemoglobin molecules called hemoglobin S, which can distort red blood cells into a sickle, or crescent shape. This blocks blood flow and oxygen from reaching all parts of the body.
  • Symptoms: It can cause severe pain, referred to as sickle cell crises. Infections and fatigue are other symptoms.
    • People with sickle cell disorders are also at a risk of complications such as stroke, acute chest syndrome, blindness, bone damage, etc.
    • Over time, people with sickle cell disorders can experience damage to organs including the liver, kidney, lungs, heart and spleen. Death can also result from complications of the disorder.
  • Treatment: Medication, blood transfusions and rarely a bone-marrow transplant.

Way Forward

  • SCD is a health burden which not only impacts the individual’s life cycle but also impacts the economy as well.
  • There is a need to take efforts so that the next generation is free from the disease.
  • The industry like FICCI and other stakeholders have to come forward to improve the overall system of managing the Sickle Cell program of the government.

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