The Hindu Newspaper 01st April 2020

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1)‘Nomadic Elephant’ is a bilateral exercise between India and 


Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Reunion Island’

  1. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean
  2. It is an overseas department and region of France.

Select the correct statements

3)Exercise Ekuverin’ is a bilateral exercise between India and 

4)Consider the following statements with respect to ‘Teesta River’

  1. It flows through both Sikkim and West Bengal
  2. Rangeet river is a tributary of Teesta, and it originates in Sikkim

Select the correct statements

1)NASA announced Sun Radio Interferometer Space Experiment (SUNRISE) mission. The mission is to study about how sun creates Giant Solar Particle Storms..

2)The Ministry of Tourism had launched “Stranded in India”, a portal aimed to support foreign tourists.

3)Topic of the Day :-

Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) is the principal source of industrial statistics in India providing information on important characteristics of registered manufacturing sector.

ASI is considered as the most comprehensive and reliable source of organised manufacturing sector data providing disaggregated industry specific details of production, investment, employment and costs. It does not cover unorganised or unregistered or informal sector enterprises.

ASI is the main survey conducted by Central Statistics Office (CSO) Industrial Statistics (IS) wing. It ensures timely dissemination of statistical information to asses and evaluate the dynamics in composition, growth and structure of organized manufacturing sector.

The survey was conducted annually under the statutory provisions of the Collection of Statistics (COS) Act, 1953.

Scope and Coverage:- The ASI extends to the entire country.

It covers all factories registered under Sections 2(m)(i) and 2(m)(ii) of the Factories Act, 1948, where the manufacturing process is defined under Section 2(k) of the said Act.

The survey also covers bidi and cigar manufacturing establishments registered under the Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act 1966.

4)Map of the Day :-

Countries Bordering Black Sea:-

It is bordered by Ukraine to the north, Russia to the northeast, Georgia to the east, Turkey to the south, and Bulgaria and Romania to the west.

5)Difference between a Refugee and A Migrant :-Simply speaking, a migrant is someone who chooses to move, and a refugee is someone who has been forced from their home.

Refugees, according to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), are people who are “fleeing armed conflict or persecution” and “for whom denial of asylum has potentially deadly consequences.”

Migrants, on the other hand, may move for any number of reasons. Some of them move to be with family or for economic reasons. Others move for education.

6)70 Years of Diplomatic Relations between India and China (1950-2020)

HAND IN HAND exercise.

Trade of Close to $100 Billion.

14 pairs of Sister Cities and Provinces, Fujian province and Tamil Nadu State

(Quanzhou City and Chennai.)

7)Andaman and Nicobar tribes

The Andaman Islands are home to four ‘Negrito’ tribes – the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa and Sentinelese.

The Nicobar Islands are home to two ‘Mongoloid’ tribes – the Shompen and Nicobarese.

The ‘Negrito‘ tribes are believed to have arrived in the islands from Africa up to 60,000 years ago. All are nomadic hunter-gatherers, hunting wild pig and monitor lizard, and catching fish with bows and arrows. They also collect honey, roots and berries from the forest.

The ‘Mongoloid‘ tribes probably came to the islands from the Malay-Burma coast several thousand years ago.

8)IOC:-The International Olympic Committee  is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland.

Founded by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

Official Language : French and English.

In 2009, the UN General Assembly granted the IOC Permanent Observer status.

9) Facts from OP-ED –

rare disease is any disease that affects a small percentage of the population.

In some parts of the world, an orphan disease is a rare disease whose rarity means there is a lack of a market large enough to gain support and resources for discovering treatments for it, except by the government granting economically advantageous conditions to creating and selling such treatments. Orphan drugs are ones so created or sold.

Orphan Drugs are the drugs to treat Rare diseases, these drugs are not produced without Govt. Incentive since manufacturers don’t find manufacturing them Profitable , since they are for rare disease.

Issue here is US FDA has categorized Covid-19 as an Orphan disease or rare disease when it has affected at such a global scale , >8 lakh affected till now.

Another important Concept is of Compulsory Licensing :-

Compulsory licensing is when a government allows someone else to produce a patented product or process without the consent of the patent owner or plans to use the patent-protected invention itself.

It is one of the flexibilities in the field of patent protection included in the WTO’s agreement on intellectual property — the TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement.

10)SC upholds right to discuss COVID-19:– The Supreme Court on Tuesday upheld the right to freediscussion about COVID-19, even as it directed the media to refer to and publish the official version of the developments in order to avoid inaccuracies and large scale panic.

11) Indian Newspaper Society:-

The Indian Newspaper Society (INS) (formerly Indian and Eastern Newspaper Society) acts as the central organization of the Press of India, an independent body authenticating circulation figures of newspapers and periodicals in India.

It is an organization which plays a major role in protecting and promoting the freedom of press in India.

The society was founded in 1939. Its headquarters are at Rafi Marg, New Delhi.

Legal status : Non Profit

12)MPLADS:- Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) is a scheme formulated by Government of India on 23 December 1993 that enables the members of parliaments (MP) to recommend developmental work in their constituencies with an emphasis on creating durable community assets based on locally felt needs.

Ministry :- Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.

13)Core sector growth up 5.5% in Feb:- The core sector industries —


crude oil,

natural gas,

refinery products,



cement and

electricity — hadexpanded by 2.2%


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