The Hindu Newspaper 01st December 2019

Questions of the Day :-

The lines on a map connecting regions of equal rainfalls are called as which among the following?

[A] Isobars

[B] Isohytes

[C] Isocons

[D] Isotherms

2)Biological Oxygen Demand is a measure of ________?

[A] Metabolism Rate

[B] Pollution

[C] Concentration of Oxygen in water bodies

[D] Rate of Oxygen generation in plant have.

3)The establishment of Taj Trapezium Zone (TTZ) enshrines which among the following objectives ?

[A] Protection from Pollution

[B] Tourism Development

[C] Economy Hub

[D] Transportation facilities

NEWS:-

1)NIA conducts searchesat Tiruchi, Thanjavur:- The search was to gather info about terrorists and their activities.

What is NIA :-

The National Investigation Agency (NIA) is a central agency established by the Indian Government to combat terror in India.

It acts as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.

The agency is empowered to deal with terror related crimes across states without special permission from the states.

The Agency came into existence with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act 2008 by the Parliament of India on 31 December 2008.

2)NE to be shielded from citizenship law impact:-Union Home Minister Amit Shah has assured civil society and political representatives from the northeasternStates that tribal areas in Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura, and States protected bythe Inner Line Permit (ILP)system — Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland — would be shieldedfrom the impact of the proposed Citizenship (Amendment) Bill (CAB), 2019.

What is ILP :-

Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to allow inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected/restricted area for a limited period.

The document is an effort by the Government to regulate movement to certain areas located near the international border of India.

ILP system is currently in operation in Mizoram, AP and Nagaland. Manipur had the system of ILP but it was abolished in 1950.

Section 2 of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 empowers a State government to prescribe ‘Inner Line’ to prohibit citizens of India or any class of such citizens going beyond the prescribed line without a pass.

 

3)All about Golkonda:-

Nomenclature: Golkonda, also known as Golconda, Gol konda (“Round shaped hill”), or Golla konda, (Shepherd’s Hill). Golkonda was originally known as Mankal.

Location: Golconda is a citadel and fort situated near Hyderabad. It is also a tehsil of Hyderabad district, Telangana, India.

History: It was the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty (c.1512–1687). The fort finally fell into ruin in 1687, after an eight-month-long siege led to its fall at the hands of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb.

Mines and Minerals: The region is known for the mines that have produced some of the world’s most famous gems, including the Koh-i-Noor.

Status:

The Golkonda fort is listed as an archaeological treasure on the official “List of Monuments” prepared by the ASI under The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act.

4)All about Adjournment Motion and Calling Attention Motion :-

The primary object of an adjournment motion is to draw the attention of the House to a recent matter of urgent public importance having serious consequences and in regard to which a motion or a resolution with proper notice will be too late.

Adjournment motion is allowed only in Lok Sabha {or in state legislative assembly} and NOT in Rajya Sabha {or in state legislative council} because it has an element of censure against the government.

There are few conditions of adjournment motion in Lok Sabha as follows:

Such a motion needs support of at least 50 members.

It should be introduced on a matter of definite and urgent public importance.

However, it should not cover more than one matter and be restricted to that matter only.

The subject matter should not be the same which is already being discussed in the same session.

A question of privilege or any other questions which can be raised via other distinct motion cannot be raised in adjournment motion.

The discussion on adjournment motion needs to last at least 2.5 hours.

Calling Attention Motion :- The concept of ‘Calling Attention’ is of Indian origin.  This procedural device is analogous to an adjournment motion without its censure aspect.

It gives members an opportunity to bring to the surface the failure or inadequate action of Government on a matter of urgent public importance.

5)Unorganised workers demand recognition of labour rights: Unorganised workers fromdifferent sectors in Rajasthan, who formed their firstever union two years ago,have sought recognition oftheir labour rights for gettingminimum wages, social security, monthly rationthrough public distributionsystem and implementation of law with the guarantee for100 days of work in a year toeach household.

Section 2 (l) of the Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, 2008 defines an unorganised sector as a  production or service oriented enterprise owned by individuals or self employed workers (one who is not working for an employer and is engaged in an unorgnised sector job earning an income below a threshold or owning land below a notified limit) and if workers are employed, then the total number of workers cannot exceed 10.

It is estimated that the unorganised sector workers, constitute 88% of the total labour force of 47.29 crore, as per the 66th Round of NSSO Survey of 2011-12. Unorganised or informal sector constitutes more than 90 per cent of workforce and about 50 per cent of the national product as per the 2012 Report of the Committee on Unorganised Sector Statistics.

6)PSLV gearing up for its 50th flight:- The Indian Space ResearchOrganisation (ISRO) is preparing for the 50thflight ofthe Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV), popularly called the agency’s workhorse. The liftoff of the PSLV mission is scheduled for December 11.

PSLV has a four-stage system comprising a combination of solid and liquid-fuelled rocket stages. The first stage at the very bottom is solid fuelled having six strap-on solid rocket boosters wrapped around it. Second stage is liquid fuelled whereas the third stage has a solid fuelled rocket motor. At the fourth stage, the launcher uses a liquid propellant to boost in the outer space.

Apart from the regular version, PSLV is used in its Core Alone configuration and an XL Version(6 strap on boosters).

Core Alone version is launched without six strap-on boosters and less propellant in its upper stage – a configuration specifically used in the missions featuring small payloads.

The XL version is launched with extra propellant in the 6-strap-on solid rocket boosters for increasing the payload capacity.

PSLV-QL, a new variant of PSLV with four strap-on motors.

7)Antibiotic prescription rate high in private sector:- The private sector clocked high levels of antibiotic prescription rates (412 per 1,000persons per year), accordingto a new study by researchers at the Public HealthFoundation of India (PHFI).The highest rate was seen among children aged 0–4years (636 per 1,000 persons) and the lowest in the age group 10–19 years (280per 1,000 persons).

India is considered to be one of the top users of antibiotics, says report.

8)‘Report on forests soon’:-

India State of Forest Report (ISFR) is a biennial publication of Forest survey of India (FSI), an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest, & Climate Change, Government of India, engaged in the assessment of the country’s forest resources.

The first State of Forest Report was brought out in 1987.

Forest Survey of India (FSI), founded in June 1981 and headquartered at Dehradun in Uttarakhand, is a Government of India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change organisation for conducting forest surveys, studies and research to periodically monitor the changing situation of land and forest resources and present the data for national planning, conservation and sustainable management of environmental protection as well for the implementation of social forestry projects.

9)Explainer – 1 :- ISSUE: GOVERNOR’S ROLE IN APPOINTING CM IN CASE OF HUNG ASSEMBLY

BACKGROUND: Role played by the Maharashtra Governor in installing the government of Devendra Fadnavis.

What should the Governor do if there is a hung Assembly?

Under Article 163 Governor has discretionary power to appoint a person as Chief Minister in case of hung assembly.

When the Governor appoints the Chief Minister in this way, it is accompanied by a stipulation that the appointee prove his or her majority within a specified time on the floor of the House.

Is there a preferred order for this process?

The Governor may invite the leader of the largest single party first. However, if it is clear that the largest single party has no potential ally or enough independent members to ensure a majority, he may also invite the leader of the largest pre-poll combination or alliance.

Is there any guidance to the Governor on this?

The Sarkaria Commission on inter-State relations has dealt with this question. The Commission’s report suggests the following orders for Governors to follow:

1. An alliance formed prior to the election;

2. The largest single party staking claim with the support of others, including independents;

3. A post-electoral coalition, with all partners joining the government;

4. A post-poll coalition, with some joining the government, and others extending support from outside.

What are the principles evolved by the Supreme Court?

In the S.R. Bommai vs. Union of India case (1994) court ruled that proper place to test the majority is the floor of the house.

Explainer – 2 :-ISSUE: OBJECTIONS TO THE TRANSGENDERS PERSONS BILL

BACKGROUND: Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 have been passed in both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

PROBLEMS WITH THIS BILL:-

1. NOMENCLATURE: Use of the term ‘Transgender’ was restrictive. It showed a lack of understanding of the complexities in people who do not conform to the gender binary, male/female.

2. CERTIFICATION: Bill mandates a certificate from a district magistrate declaring the holder to be transgender. This goes against the principle of self determination itself, activists argue, also pointing out that there is no room for redress in case an appeal for such a certificate is rejected.

3. NEGLECT OF HEALTHCARE FACILITIES FOR TRANSGENDERS: Transgender and intersex persons might require a range of unique health care needs which have been neglected in the Bill.

SOLUTIONS OFFERED BY THE ACTIVISTS:-
1. Rejecting ‘Transgender’ as the nomenclature, they suggested instead that the title should be a comprehensive “Gender Identity, Gender Expression and Sex Characteristics (Protection of Rights) Bill”, Transgenders have a different gender identity than what was assigned to them at birth.

Explainer – 3 :-ISSUE: FASTAG

BACKGROUND: From December 15, 2019, FASTag, a prepaid rechargeable tag for toll payments, on national highways will become mandatory for all vehicles.

The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways extended the earlier deadline of December 1 on Friday.

What is FASTag?:-
It is a prepaid radio-frequency identification-enabled tag that facilitates automatic deduction of toll charges. The new system will now do away away with a stop-over of vehicles and cash transactions at toll plazas.

WHO IS IMPLEMENTING THE FASTAG? :-
FASTag electronic toll collection programme is being implemented by the Indian Highways Management Company Limited (IHMCL), a company incorporated by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), and the National Payments Corporation of India in coordination with Toll Plaza Concessionaires, tag issuing agencies and banks.

Currently, FASTag can be bought from 22 certified banks, through various online platforms, online applications and at select points-of-sale locations.

VALIDITY OF FASTAG:-
FASTag has a validity of five years. Over 70 lakh FASTags had been issued till November 27.

WHY IT IS BEING IMPLEMENTED? :-
A joint study in 2014-15 by the Transport Corporation of India and the Indian Institute of Management-Calcutta (launched by the Minister of Road Transport and Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari in 2016) estimated the cost of delay on Indian roads at $6.6 billion per year. The cost of additional fuel consumption due to delays was also put at $14.7 billion per year.

Move towards electronic toll collection, will not only reduce congestion and queues at toll plazas but also reduce operating costs for toll operators and plug revenue leakages.

The tag helps remove bottlenecks, ensures seamless movement of traffic and saves time.

The centralised system provides authentic and real-time data to government agencies for better analysis and policy formulation.

It also helps reduce air pollution and the use of paper besides cutting the cost of managing toll plazas.

Explainer -4 :- Oxygen Bars :-

WHAT ARE THEY?
oxygen-bar — a recreational parlour or cafe which serves ‘pure oxygen’ .

WHERE ARE THEY BECOMING POPULAR?
cities with dangerous levels of air pollution.

DOES IT PROVIDE ANY BENEFIT? :-
It must and should be remembered that the oxygen level does not alter in the air even when the pollution level is high. The same applies to our health — oxygen saturation in blood remains unchanged in healthy people in normal conditions, and such recreational oxygen cannot provide any health improvement.

There is no clinical evidence available so far in support of the beneficial effects of recreational oxygen use.

Most importantly, the use of scented oxygen might not be safe. To add scent to oxygen, the oxygen is bubbled through a liquid containing scented additives or aroma oil. Users will seldom know the properties of the oils or the components of the additives used.

Scented oxygen can be harmful to people, particularly to those with allergies and lung diseases.

 

 

 

6 thoughts on “The Hindu Newspaper 01st December 2019

  1. Thank you so much sir, It is very useful and easy for us to read and make notes …….
    and the ans for MCQ was different from YouTube channel sir….!

    1. No we don’t give PDF. You can copy paste and make your notes word document though.
      Because if we give PDF people can easily circulate that to those who are not members.

  2. Oky no problems we can pen down all important notes .will this suffice my CA preparations or I have to go for some other monthly booklets also

  3. Thankx again after reading vision ,insightonindia,Iasparliment switched to urs booklet went through September PDF found good now I’m planning to go with this only.Thankx again

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