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The Hindu Newspaper 02nd December 2019

Q.1 Arrange the following states in the chronological order of their formation
1. Maharashtra
2. Haryana
3. Manipur
4. Arunachal Pradesh
Select the correct option
A. 4, 3,2,1
B. 1,2,3,4
C. 1,3,4,2
D. D. 2,4,3,1

Q.2 Santhal Rebellion was led by
A. Sidhu and Kanhu
B. Dadu Mian
C. Karam Shah
D. Bhagat Jawahar Mal

Q.3 Burkandazes in the medieval times were
A. Holders of territory or Palayam consisting of few villages
B. Demobilized soldiers of Muslim Armies and Zamindars
C. Revenue Farmers
D. Hereditary Police officers in Tamil Nadu

News :-

1)BCCI puts on hold changes to6 key rules, refers them to SC:-

The amendments relate tothe powers of its officebearers and the apex council, thepresident and secretary’s tenure/period in office, relaxation in the age cap of 70 forits representative to the ICC,and relief from the obligation to approach the Supreme Court to obtain its approval for every amendmentit makes to the constitution.The Supreme Court, by its order of August 9, 2018, hadsaid that the BCCI shall not amend its constitution without its approval.

About BCCI :-
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the national governing body for cricket in India.

The board was formed in December 1928 as a society, registered under the Tamil Nadu Societies Registration Act.

It is a consortium of state cricket associations and the state associations select their representatives who in turn elect the BCCI officials.

It don‘t receive funds from the Government of India.

2)All about RTI and Recent Amendment :

Under the RTI Act, 2005, Public Authorities are required to make disclosures on various aspects of their structure and functioning.

This includes: (i) disclosure on their organisation, functions, and structure, (ii) powers and duties of its officers and employees, and (iii) financial information.

The intent behind the enactment of the Act is to promote transparency and accountability in the working of Public Authorities.

 Public Authorities designate some of their officers as Public Information Officers.

The first request for information goes to Central/State Assistant Public Information Officer and Central/State Public Information Officer, designated by the Public Authorities. These Officers are required to provide information to an RTI applicant within 30 days of the request.

Appeals from their decisions go to an Appellate Authority.

Information Commissions:

Appeals against the order of the Appellate Authority go to the State Information Commission or the Central Information Commission.

These Information Commissions consists of a Chief Information Commissioner, and up to 10 Information Commissioners.

What does the Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019 propose?

The Bill changes the terms and conditions of service of the CIC and Information Commissioners at the centre and in states.

The Bill states that the central government will notify the term of office for the CIC and the ICs.

The Bill states that the salaries, allowances, and other terms and conditions of service of the central and state CIC and ICs will be determined by the central government.

3)92.9% cases of crime against women pending in city courts’:-This is as per the NCRB report.
These are the figures in New Delhi where 92.9% of the registered crimes against women are still pending in the courts.

About NCRB :
NCRB is nodal agency under Union Home Ministry for authentic source of data on crime on various parameters including accidents, suicides from across all the states of the country and prisons for policy matters and research.

It was established in 1986 as the central police organisation.

It is headquartered in New Delhi.

It is implementing and monitoring agency of Crime & Criminal Tracking Network System (CCTNS), a Mission Mode Project under the National e-Governance Plan of Government.

4)Clear pendency of cases, improve trainingquality: RTI activists appeal to government :-

What things are needed to improve RTI mechanism ?

1) Fill vacant Positions through a transparent mechanism.
Many times information commissioners are appointed without any proper criteria.

2) Fast track the pending requests.

3) Impart quality training not only to administrators, officials and Bureaucrats but also to Common man.

4)Display of Queries and Responses on the website.

5)Operation ‘Clean Art’ to crack down on illegal trade in mongoose hair:-

“Operation Clean Art wasthe first pan India operation to crack down on the smuggling of mongoose hair inthe country. There are six species of mongoose found in India and we have mostly recovered [in the raids] grey mongoose [hair].

The mongoose is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 and any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.

6)AAI has Requested the government to privatise more airports.

About AAI :-

Under the aegis of the Ministry of Civil Aviation functions a statutory body responsible for building , enhancing , servicing and managing civil aviation infrastructure in India and is called the Airports Authority of India (AAI) . Air traffic management (ATM) services over airspace belonging to the Indian territory and neighbouring oceanic areas are provided by this statutory body.

The project GAGAN is being implemented by the AAI in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation.

7)Veteran journalist Bhaskar Menon dead. Remember that he was a journalist so that if any personality based question comes up , you are able to solve that.

EDITORIALS:-

Editorial-1 :-ISSUE: CHALLENGES FOR EUROPEAN UNION

BACKGROUND: Warning given by the French President Emanuel Macron to European Union.

EVOLUTION OF EUROPEAN UNION (AS HIGHLIGHTED BY THE AUTHOR)

The EU’s precursor, the European Economic Community (EEC), was established in 1957, following the Treaty of Rome. Consisting of a homogeneous group of six countries (Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands), it quickly formed a customs union.

The next stage was the Treaty of Maastricht, signed in 1992 to reflect the realities of a post-Cold War Europe and a unified Germany. It helped create the Euro and, later, also pushed the eastward expansion of the EU.

The Treaty of Lisbon in 2007 marked another political evolution, giving the EU a stronger legal character by introducing a permanent President of the European Council and strengthening the position of the High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy.

CHALLENGES FOR EUROPEAN UNION:-

U.S. pursuing ‘America first’ policy;

Resentful Russia on its border; and

China determined to emerge as the new global power.

Many nations like UK willing to leave the European Union.

Issue of Sovereignty: Many countries are feeling that EU is undermining the sovereignty of the member states.

CONCLUSION:-
In today’s uncertain times, the EU stands for a rules-based order but as Mr. Macron rightly pointed out, the EU can only emerge as a strategic actor once it is able to assert sovereignty over its political, diplomatic and security decisions.

Editorial 2:- Making Air India’s disinvestment work:-

ISSUE: AIR INDIA’S DISINVESTMENT

WHY DISINVESTMENT OF AIR INDIA? :-
Poor financial condition.
National carrier Air India has a total debt of Rs 58,351 crore as on March 31 2019.

WHY DISINVESTMENT OF AIR INDIA IS BECOMING PROBLEM?
Government wants to retain 24% equity
Government wants the acquirer to absorb a major chunk of the non-aircraft related debt.

WHAT GOVERNMENT CAN DO TO ATTRACT BUYERS? :-
Besides playing to its strengths, the government ought to — if it is sincere about making the exercise a success — ensure that it exits totally, giving freedom to the potential acquirer to transform it into a successful player.

an environment is created where in all major stakeholders are convinced that disinvestment is the best way forward.

ABOUT AIR INDIA:-
Air India Air India provides International Air Services for both passengers and cargo traffic. It connects all the continents of the world through its services.

 

Editorial 3:The fountainhead of India’s economic vitality :-

ISSUE: CONDITION OF INDIAN ECONOMY:-

This article has been written in response to the article written by former PM Dr Manmohan Singh where Dr. Singh had highlighted that real reason for the slowdown in economic activity was breaking down of social trust by the Modi Government.

Article has been written by Jayant Sinha, MP BJP.(so you can understand that it will praise the present govt.)

Author says that PM Modi has restored the faith of many in India and Indian economy is not facing much problems.

EVIDENCE CITED BY AUTHOR:-
India is the fastest-growing large economy in the world — long-term trend GDP growth rate is steady at about 7%.

Inflation, fiscal deficit, and current account deficit have finally been tamed.

Primary employment has grown from 433 million to 457 million in the past five years. India’s foreign exchange reserves are at record levels.

The country has vaulted from 142 to 63 in the world in the Ease of Doing Business rankings;

Corporate tax rates have been slashed and are now among the lowest in the world; and

India leads the world in new industries such as renewable energy, fintech, and affordable healthcare.

The stock market is at a record high, doubling in the past five years, creating more than ₹50 trillion in investor wealth.

Foreign Direct Investment is humming along at $40-50 billion per year.

Venture capital and private equity are booming, with investments running at thrice the rate during the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) years.

Our start-up ecosystem is now the third largest in the world. India has been churning out unicorn companies: there are 20 unicorns right now, and another 30 are expected in the next few years.

Author says that the current slowdown is temporary phenomenon.

We began to doubt India’s future. Terrorists attacked the country again and again. Wide swathes of the country were controlled by Left-wing extremists and brigands.

Shadowy, extra-constitutional figures ran India. The national government was in a shambles with each Ministry pursuing its own agenda. Government permissions were handed out in hotel lobbies and massive loans granted through phone calls.

Crony capitalists feasted on government largesse and there was rampant corruption. Economic growth plummeted while inflation and the fiscal deficit mounted.

CONCLUSION:-
Prime Minister Modi’s government is set to deliver one of humanity’s most remarkable achievements. We will have brought peace and prosperity to India’s 1.35 billion citizens, lifted everyone out of extreme poverty, resolved long-standing disputes that had cleft the nation, and enabled Indians to live dignified lives.

Editorial 4:- Time to Act :

ISSUE: SLOWDOWN IN THE GDP

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) expanded by 4.5% from a year earlier in the July-September quarter, marking the slowest pace of expansion in six-and-a-half years.

If government final consumption expenditure is taken out then GDP growth rate slows down to 3.1%.

An analysis of the Gross Value Added (GVA) reveals that six of the eight sectors posted decelerations from the fiscal first quarter.

And even though agriculture, forestry and fishing grew by 2.1% in the second quarter, nudging up from 2% in the April-June period, the pace was underwhelming when seen both in the context of the 5.1% pace posted a year earlier and the above average monsoon rains in 2019.

Manufacturing shrank by 1%, in marked contrast to the year-earlier period’s 6.9% growth, again pointing to the widespread demand drought.

ABOUT GDP
Gross Domestic Product is the value of the all final goods and services produced within the boundary of a nation during one year period.

For India, this calendar year is from 1st April to 31st March.

The different uses of the concept of GDP are :-
1. Per annum percentage change in it is the growth rate of an economy.

2. It is a quantitative concept and its volume/ size indicates the internal strength of the economy. But it does not say anything about the qualitative aspects of the produced goods and services.

3. It is used by the IMF/WB in the comparative analyses of its member nations.

CONCLUSION:-
It is high time officials helming the economy put aside the bravado and bluster and acknowledge the seriousness of the structural elements behind the slowdown by initiating meaningful policy reforms, even while taking steps to spur consumption through innovative fiscal measures.

8)Battling Antimicrobial resistance :– Antibiotics have saved millions oflives till date. Unfortunately, they are now becoming ineffective as many infectious diseases have ceased to respond to antibiotics. The reason is that common bugs develop a variety of mechanisms to develop antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The indiscriminate use of antibiotics is the greatest driver in selection and propagation of resistant bugs. It has the potential to make fatal even minor infections.

Also The pipeline for the discovery, development and dissemination of new antibiotics has virtually dried out.

No new class of antibiotics has been discovered in the past three decades.The reason is simple. Availability of anew antibiotic takes 10-12 years and an investment of $1 billion.

The Sustainable Development Goals have articulated the importance of containing AMR. Similar articulations have been made by the UN general Assembly, G7, G20, EU, ASEAN and other such economic and political platforms.

Intercountry development agencies (WHO, FAO, and World Organisation for Animal Health) developed aGlobal Action Plan on AMR. India developed its National Action Plan on AMR (NAP) in 2017. It is based on the One Health approach, which means that human health, animal health and the environment sectors have equal responsibilities and strategic actions in combating AMR.

9)India, Sweden to sign MoUfor polar science cooperation:- India and Sweden are likely to sign their first maritime cooperation agreement,Cooperation in Polar Science, during the visit to India of the Swedish royal couple.

10)Who is a farmer? Government has no clear definition:- Why is it important to know who is a farmer ? :- Many aches like PM KISAN which provide monetary benefits to the farmers are using terms like ‘Farmer Families’ now if we don’t know who actually is a farmer , how will the benefit be given.

What needs to be done ? : Make the M.S Swaminathans National Policy on Farmers legal because it mentions who a farmer is.

In fact, there is a clear and comprehensive definition available in the National Policy for Farmers drafted by theNational Commission ofFarmers headed by M.S.Swaminathan and officially approved by the Centre in2007.

It says, “For the purpose of this Policy, the term‘FARMER’ will refer to a person actively engaged in theeconomic and/or livelihood activity of growing crops and producing other primary agricultural commodities and will include all agricultural operational holders, cultivators, agricultural labourers, sharecroppers, tenants,poultry and livestock rearers, fishers, beekeepers, gardeners, pastoralists, noncorporate planters and planting labourers, as well as persons engaged in various farming related occupations such as sericulture, vermiculture and agroforestry. The

term will also include tribal families/persons engagedin shifting cultivation and inthe collection, use and saleof minor and nontimber forest produce.”

 

 

 

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Subodh Kumar
Subodh Kumar
1 year ago

Good analysis news sir

Krishna Kumar Meher
Krishna Kumar Meher
1 year ago

Dear TEMS team,
Thank you for the analysis.
I have a humble suggestion.
If you want aspirants to gain maximum from the analysis, kindly add the images of all the relevant news clippings along with the description.
Since, images are better stored in the memory, the aspirant will retain the news in his/her mind in the long term.

Thanks and regards
An ardent follower of TEMS

Sandeep Singh
Sandeep Singh
1 year ago

Hi sir,
Why Today’s Hindu analysis not updated.
Any technical glitches??

Upsc
Upsc
1 year ago

Sir,SC is public authority and CJI is a part of it , hence CJI comes under RTI now. But in video analysis u told that SC does not come under the ambit of RTI.. plz tell if SC is public authority , and if CJI comes under RTI, then y not SC??????

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