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The Hindu Newspaper 02nd March 2020

Questions of the Day : –

‘Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary’ is located in

a) Maharashtra

b) Rajasthan

c) Madhya Pradesh

 d) Gujarat

2)The ‘Tishreen Revolution’ is associated with

a) Iraq

b) Hong Kong

c) Tibet

d) Bolivia

3)‘SFURTI’ Scheme is under the aegis of the

a) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

b) Ministry of Tribal Affairs

 c) Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises

d) Ministry of Minority Affairs

 

1)Eurasian otter found in Chilika Lake:- Researchers also find Fishing Cat ( another otter species) along with Eurasian Otter.

Researchers conducting a study in Odisha’s Chilika Lake have found the presence of a viable, breeding population of a fishing cat in the brackish water lagoon. It is a globally endangered species that is elusive and found in very few places in south and southeast Asia.

Wild cat species usually hunt on ground. But the fishing cat hunts in water.

About Chilika :-

Chilika Lake It is largest coastal lagoon or brackish water lake in India and Asia and second largest lagoon in the world (after The New Caledonian barrier reef in New Caledonia). It is located at mouth of Daya River, flowing into Bay of Bengal.

It was first water-body in Indian to be designated as wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention(RAMSAR is in IRAN , CONVENTION : 1971).

It was put under Montreux Record (record for such sites where there has been or likely to be adverse ecological change due to man-made activities), but was later removed from it due to conservation efforts.

2)India is host to 457 migratory fauna, shows latest CMS list :  With new additions to the wildlife list put out by the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS), scientists say that the total number of migratory fauna from India comes to 457 species. Birds comprise 83% (380 species) of this figure.

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) had for the first time compiled the list of migratory species of India under the CMS before the Conference of Parties (COP 13) held in Gujarat recently.

About CMS CONVENTION ON CONSERVATION OF MIGRATORY SPECIES OF WILD ANIMALS (aka BONN CONVENTION){Bonn is in Germany}(1983)

  • conserves terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory species throughout their range
  • intergovernmental treaty under UNEP
  • only global convention specializing in conservation of migratory species, habitats, migratory routes
  • Appendix-I: species threatened with extinction-strict protection
  • Appendix-II: species that would benefit / need international cooperation

ZSI :- The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) was launched in 1916, so this year.

Founder director of ZSI was Thomas Nelson Annadale.

ZSI publishes Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983 and is similar to Red Data Book published by IUCN.

3)Location Based News : PAKKE TIGER RESERVE : Pakke Tiger Reserve, also known as Pakhui Tiger Reserve, is a Project Tiger reserve in the Pakke Kessang district of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India.

4)Water crisis looms large in Himalayan regions, study finds :- Eight towns in the Himalayan region of Bangladesh, Nepal, India and Pakistan were nearly 20%-70% deficient in their water supply, says a survey that appears in the latest edition of the journal Water Policy.

Four Specific Reasons have been mentioned:- 

  1. Unplanned Urbanization
  2. Climate Change
  3. Encroachment and Degradation of Natural Water Bodies (Springs, lakes, Canals and Rivers)
  4. Growing Disappearance of Traditional Water System ( Wells, Stone Spouts)

5)Centre to review list of monuments under ASI:- The number of monuments under the Centre’s protection could increase as the government is planning to conduct a review of those under the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) and the ones protected by the State governments.

At present, 3,691 monuments nationwide are protected by the ASI, with the highest number, 745, in Uttar Pradesh, according to his reply in the Lok Sabha on February 10.

ABOUT ASI :- The Archaeological Survey of India is an Indian government agency attached to the Ministry of Culture that is responsible for archaeological research and the conservation and preservation of cultural monuments in the country. It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who also became its first Director-General.

Under the provisions of the AMASR Act of 1958, the ASI administers more than 3650 ancient monuments, archaeological sites and remains of national importance.

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act (or AMASR Act) is an act of parliament of the government of India that provides for the preservation of ancient and historical monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance, for the regulation of archaeological excavations and for the protection of sculptures, carvings and other like objects. It was passed in 1958.

EDITORIALS OF THE DAY :-

A big, bad deal

CENTRAL THEME : The U.S. deal with Taliban leaves the Afghan people at the mercy of violent, tribal Islamists. The Deal is not that much good.

The deal signed between the U.S. and the Taliban in Doha on Saturday sets the stage for America to wind down the longest war in its history. It went into Afghanistan in October 2001.

Why America Hurried : America’s desperation is understandable. The Afghan war is estimated to have cost $2trillion, with more than 3,500 American and coalition soldiers killed. Afghanistan lost hundreds of thousands of people, both civilians and soldiers.

The Problems With the Deal :-

  1. The fundamental issue with the U.S.’s Taliban engagement is that it deliberately excluded the Afghan  government because the insurgents do not see the government as legitimate rulers.
  2. Taliban, whose rule is known for strict religious laws, banishing women from public life, shutting down schools and unleashing systemic discrimination on religious and ethnic minorities, has not made any promises on whether it would respect civil liberties or accept the Afghan Constitution.
  3. U.S. withdrawal will invariably weaken the Kabul government, altering the balance of power both on the battlefield and at the negotiating table. A weakened government will have to talk with a resurgent Taliban
  4. Also India’s role is not clear that what will be India’s role in Afghanistan after the Deal. Taliban and India are not on great terms so the role of India will be under clouds.

Editorial 2

Whither tribunal independence?

Central Theme :- Central Government recently Framed Rules for Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal and other authorities ( Qualification, Experience and other Conditions) Rules 2020 , which are in serious violation to the earlier Supreme Court Judgement.

Background : Earlier these Rules were framed in 2017 but Supreme court declared them Unconstitutional since they tempered with the independence of Judiciary and had serious implications on quality. The S.C declared the rules unconstitutional in the Rojer Mathew case.

What were the Problems with the 2017 Rules:- 

In the 2017 rules, as noted by the Court in Rojer Mathew, barring the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT), the selection committee for all other tribunals was made up either entirely from personnel within or nominated by the Central government or comprised a majority of personnel from the Central government.
While the selection committee for NCLAT consisted of two judges and two secretaries to the Government of India, all other committees comprised only one judge and three secretaries to the Government of India.

Now, in the 2020 rules, by default, all committees consist of a judge, the president/chairman/chairperson of the tribunal concerned and two secretaries to the Government of India. This is again a violation of the Judgement of Supreme Court Since  Judicial Members are again in Minority here.

Another Issue is of Tenure S.C specifically said that the Judicial Members should atleast be given a tenure of 5-7 years , in 2017 rules Tenure given by the Govt. was 3 years and again in 2020 Rules Tenure given is 4 years i.e violation of the SC Directive.

Editorial 3 : Viral economies

Central Theme : The coronavirus is pushing the world into a recession, and India cannot be immune to it .

Economic Impacts of the Virus:

  1. Global Slowdown (especially USA and China)
  2. Investment not coming , since people are risk averse
  3. It has Crippled the Global Supply Chain
  4. People are dumping stocks
  5. The U.S. markets experienced their worst week since the 2008 global financial crises.
  6. In a situation of a global recession, exports, which are not growing even now, could take a hit, further slowing down one of the economic engines.

2 Advantages to India :– What augurs well though is that Indian companies are not major participants in the global supply chains originating in China. And second, crude oil prices are slipping which is good news for the macro economy and inflation.

6)With falling allocation, Navy looks at fleet Optimization :- Facing increasing budgetary constraints and with several big ticket acquisitions lined up, the Navy is looking at adopting unmanned platforms, both aerial and underwater, in a big way.

As part of the fleet rationalization plan, the Navy has cut down on the requirement of minesweepers from 12 to eight and additional P-8I long-range patrol aircraft from 10 to six.

Navy operates some Israeli drones, and is in the process of procuring 10 General Atomics Sea-guardian High Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) armed drones from the U.S. for maritime surveillance.
solutions,

 

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