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The Hindu Newspaper 02/05/2020

1)Consider the following statements:

  1. The national motto of India, ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed below the Emblem of India is taken from Chandogya Upanishad
  2. The Words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ were originally inscribed on the Lion Capital of Ashoka around 250 BCE.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

2)Partition of Bengal was revoked in 1911 by

3)In 1720, the British government enacted the Calico Act. What is it related to?

4)With reference to Champaran Satyagraha of 1917, consider the following statements.

  1. The word Satyagraha was used for the first time in this agitation.
  2. The tinkathia system was associated with this movement
  3. Rajendra Prasad and J. B. Kripalani participated in the movement.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Map of the Day :-

Besides the longitudinal divisions, the
Himalayas have been divided on the basis of
regions from west to east.

Besides the longitudinal divisions, the
Himalayas have been divided on the basis of
regions from west to east.

These divisions have been demarcated by river valleys.

Himalayas lying between
Indus and Satluj has been traditionally
known as Punjab Himalaya but it is also
known regionally as Kashmir and Himachal
Himalaya from west to east respectively. The
part of the Himalayas lying between Satluj
and Kali rivers is known as Kumaon
Himalayas. The Kali and Tista rivers
demarcate the Nepal Himalayas and the part
lying between Tista and Dihang rivers is
known as Assam Himalayas. There are
regional names also in these broad
categories.

News:- CBI begins probe intotwo Kerala-based NGOs

About FCRA:-

Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 2010

  • Foreign funding of voluntary organizations in India is regulated under FCRA act and is implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • The Acts ensures that the recipients of foreign contributions adhere to the stated purpose for which such contribution has been obtained.
  • Under the Act, organisations require to register themselves every five years

Recently some changes were introduced :-

Every member of an NGO must now, under oath, through an affidavit, certify that they have never been involved in “diverting” foreign funds or propagating “sedition” or “advocating violent means”.

Earlier, the applicant or director-level person was to given this declaration but now all members of the NGO need to be given this declaration.
Earlier, as per the market value of the gift item in India was Rs. 25,000, now it has been raised to Rs. one lakh.
It is mandatory for the office bearers and key functionaries and members of the NGOs to certify that they have not been “prosecuted or convicted” for “conversion” from one faith to another and for creating “communal tension and disharmony”.

Scope and objective of FCRA:

  • The intent of the Act is to prevent use of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality for any activity detrimental to the national interest.
  • It has a very wide scope and is applicable to a natural person, body corporate, all other types of Indian entities (whether incorporated or not) as well as NRIs and overseas branches/subsidiaries of Indian companies and other entities formed or registered in India. It is implemented by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.

 

In order to achieve the above objective, the Act:

  • Prohibits acceptance and use of foreign contribution or foreign hospitality by a certain specified category of persons such as a candidate for election, judge, journalist, columnist, newspaper publication, cartoonist and others.
  • Regulates the inflow to and usage of foreign contribution by NGOs by prescribing a mechanism to accept, use and report usage of the same.

Registration and prior approval under FCRA:

  1. In order to be registered under the FCRA, an NGO must be in existence for at least three years and must have undertaken reasonable activity in its field for which the foreign contribution is proposed to be utilised. Further, it must have spent at least INR 1,000,000 over three years preceding the date of its application on its activities.
  2. The registration certificate is valid for a period of five years and must be thereafter renewed in the prescribed manner.
  3. NGOs not eligible for registration can seek prior approval from FCRA for receiving foreign funding. This permission is granted only for a specific amount of foreign funding from a specified foreign source for a specific purpose. It remains valid till receipt and full utilisation of such amount.

2) Location based fact :- BannerghattaBiological Park (BBP) is in Karnataka

Editorial of the Day :- It’s about food, nutrition and livelihood security

Central Idea:- Farmers’ cooperation, technological upgrading and favourable public policies can help India deal with the pandemic .

Some Measures announced :- Provision of additional rice or wheat, some pulses and oil free of cost, as wellas ₹1,000 cash for the purchase of  other essential commodities through the Public Distribution  System(PDS),

But we need to understand the different dimensions offood security in a holistic mannerin order to address this problem inits totality.

Various Dimensions:-

The first is the availability of food in the market, and this is seen as a function of production.

Fortunately, thanks to the Green Revolution, today we have enough food in the market and in government godowns.

Problems:- Farmers face Labour shortage, many face shortage of inputs like seeds.

The second dimension is the access to food, which is a function of purchasing power, as unless youare a farmer and grow your own, food others have to buy it.

Fortunately, the government, through the National Food Security Act(NFSA) and the PDS, has assured some additional food to every individual during this crisis.

This should be further strengthened and the food basket widened by including millets, pulses and oil.

Steps should also be taken to avoid hidden hunger caused by the deficiency of micronutrients in the diet.

Food security and access to nutritious, good quality food is also contingent on job security.

Today, alot of people employed both on farms and in the non-farm sectorare without jobs.

If job security is threatened, then so is food and nutrition security. We have to ensure  people.l do not lose their jobs.

How can we create more jobs:- The definition of a worker in MGNREGA has so far been applied only to unskilled, manual work, and not to skilled jobs in agriculture and allied activities.

Given the lack of jobs and incomes during the COVID-19 crisis, it is imperative to expand the definition of work in MGNREGA to cover skilled work related to farmers and their farming activities.

The third dimension of food security is absorption of food in the body or its utilisation, which is dependent importantly on sanitation, drinking water and other non-food factors, including public health services.

Ensuring that these services are functional depends on the capacities of the local panchayats and their coordination with other local bodies.

If we can ensure food availability, food access and food absorption, then we have a fairly robust system of food and nutrition security.

Editorial 2:- Taiwan’s coronavirus protocol shows how it is done

In the 17 years since it was hit hardby the SARS outbreak, Taiwan has been in a state of constant readiness to the threat of emerging infectious disease.

As a result, when information concerning a novel pneumonia outbreak was first confirmed on December 31, 2019, Taiwan began implementing onboard quarantine of direct flights from Wuhan that same day.

On January 2, 2020, Taiwan established a response team for the disease and activated the Central Epidemic Command Center (CECC) on January 20 as a level 3 government entity, upgrading it  to level 2 and level 1on January 23 and February 27,respectively.

The CECC is able to effectively integrate resources from various ministries and invest itself fully in the containment of the epidemic.

Despite its proximity to China, Taiwan ranked 123 among 183 countries in terms of confirmed casesper million people. This has shown that Taiwan’s aggressive efforts to control the epidemic are working.

Use of Technology :- Taiwan has established an electronic system for entry quarantine, which allows passengers witha a local mobile phone number to fill in health information using amobile phone.

A health declaration pass will then be sent to them as a text message.

This is connected to the community care support management system, which allows government agencies to provide care services and medical assistance.

The travel history of individualsis now stored on the  National  Health Insurance (NHI)card to alert physicians to possible cases and prevent community transmission.

For those undergoing home quarantine or isolation,the government is working with telecom operators to allow GPS tracking of their locations.

Quarantine offenders are subject to  fines or mandatory placement according to relevant laws and regulations, so as to prevent transmission.

Taiwan has also increased its laboratory testing capacity, expanded the scope of its surveillance and inspections based on trends of the COVID-19 epidemic.

Taiwan’s Global responsibility :- Taiwan though not a member of WHO, can’t standalone and must be included in the fight against such threats and challenges.

Taiwan has fulfilled its responsibilities as a global citizen and abided by the International Health Regulations 2005 (IHR 2005) in notifying WHO of confirmed COVID-19 cases.

Taiwan has uploaded the genetic sequence of COVID-19 to the GISAID Initiative, or the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data(GISAID).

News:- Environment Ministry gives nod for new Parliament project

The Centre’s proposal to construct a new Parliament building next to the existing heritage structure was approved by the Environment Ministry’s expert  appraisal committee(EAC) last week.

News:- Economists call for urban jobs scheme

A new Urban Employment Guarantee Act is needed to complement the existing rural jobs scheme during theongoing COVID-19 crisis, said a group of development  activists and economists.

MGNREGA is for Rural areas (100 days, rural , unskilled, manual labour).

News:- U.P., Bihar migrants can get rations in other States too

Uttar Pradesh and Bihar  joined the Centre’s ration card portability scheme on International Labour Day, offering some hope that their huge migrant worker populations can start accessing subsidised and free foodgrains in many of the States where they have been left stranded by the COVID-19 lockdown.

Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu also joined the national cluster under the Food Ministry’s One Nation One Ration Card scheme on Thursday, taking the total number of integrated States and Union Territories to 17.

Under the ‘one nation, one ration card‘ scheme a beneficiary will be able to avail benefits across the country using the same ration card.

News:- IIT-G designs bamboo hospital beds

The Department of Design in the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT-G) has completed a projectin designing bamboo furniture to meet the requirements of the primary healthcentres in rural Assam during the COVID-19 pandemic. The bamboo range, members of the design faculty said, offered scope for improving basic infrastructurefacilities during epidemics  and pandemics such as COVID-19.

News:- Kashmir saffron gets GI tag

Kashmir saffron, which is cultivated and harvested in the Karewa (highlands) of Jammu and Kashmir, has  been  given  the Geographical Indication (GI) tag by the Geographical Indications Registry.

The spice is grown in  some regions of Kashmir, including Pulwama, Budgam,Kishtwar and Srinagar.

Kashmirsaffron is a very precious and costly product. Iran is the largest producer of saffron and India is a close competitor.

Types of Saffron :- The saffron available in Kashmir is of three types —‘Lachha Saffron’, with stigmas just separated from the flowers and dried withoutfurther processing; ‘Mongra Saffron’, in which stigmas are detached from the flower, dried in the sun and processed traditionally; and ‘Guchhi Saffron’, which isthe same as Lachha, except that the latter’s dried stigmas are packed loosely in airtight containers while the former has stigmas joined together in a bundle tied with a cloth thread.

 

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Rahul_IAS
Rahul_IAS
1 year ago

Sir, Pls upload the April month CA pdf compilation ASAP

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