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The Hindu Newspaper 06th April 2020

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1) ‘Basel Accords’ is associated with
a) Data Localisation
b) Banking
c) Climate Change
d) Biodiversity

2)‘Teesta River’ flows through which of the following Indian States?

1. West Bengal
2. Sikkim
3. Assam
Select the correct code:
a) 1 and 2
b) 2 and 3
c) 1 and 3
d) All of the above

3)Which of the following States is the first to have a State Water Policy to ensure
conservation of Water?
a) Meghalaya
b) Maharashtra
c) Karnataka
d) Tamil Nadu

Solution 1:- The Basel Accords are three series of banking regulations (Basel I, II and III) set by the Basel Committee on Bank Supervision (BCBS), which provides recommendations on banking regulations in regards to capital risk, market risk and operational risk.

Map of the Day :-

The South China Sea is bordered by Brunei, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam.

  • TC of Brother & TC of Sister since they are Very I M Portant.
  • S —> Singapore
  • V —> Vietnam
  • I —> Indonesia
  • M —> Malasia
  • P —> Phillippines
  • B —> Brunei
  • C —> China
  • T —> Taiwan
  • C—–> Cambodia
  • T —–> Thailand

1)News :- Rapid antibody testing for hotspots first: ICMR 

The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) said the rapid antibodybased blood test for COVID19 will be deployed by this Wednesday inclusters and hotspots showing high incidence of confirmed cases.

What is Antibody :- An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

Active vs Passive Immunity

2)The Odisha Government recently launched “Mo Prativa” programme in collaboration with UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Funds).

This is done to engage children during lockdown.

The programme has been launched for the children to participate in online competitions such as writing slogans, drawings, short story writing, painting.

3)JEEVAN, is a low-cost energy efficient ventilator made by the Rail Coach Factory, Kapurthala. The cost of the machine is fraction of what the original costs .

4)Parrikar’s biography details tense eve of surgical strikes:-

Name of the Book:- An Extraordinary Life

Written by :- Sadguru Patil and Mayabhushan Nagvenkar

5)The mystery of low German COVID-19 fatality rates- Germans have good number of cases but very less fatalities as compared to that.

Reasons :-

1)Early Testing

2)Early Detection

3)Early Medicinal Care

4)Good ICU condition of German Hospitals

6)Editorials of the Day :-

The criticality of community engagement

Central Theme:- Community Engagement  has a pivotal role in ensuring the success of India’s anti-coronavirus campaign.

Two things remain common to the sporadic incidents of non-cooperation with our anti-coronavirus campaign, from the Tablighi Jamaat fiasco to migrants escaping quarantine and allegedly unleashing violence against the police.

First, that a strong felt need for coronavirus control remains absent due to deficient threat perception.

Second, that deficient threat perception has resulted in strict control measures such as quarantine to be perceived as high-handed government instruments.

The Cooperation might decrease further :-

With COVID-19 moving briskly towards slums and rural hinterlands, one should not be surprised if such incidents of non-cooperation start surfacing at a brisk pace too.

First, a concoction of local culture, values and beliefs can lead to blithe disregard of the coronavirus threatand gravely endanger containment and mitigation efforts.

Second, threatened livelihoods due to lockdowns and a resultant downplaying of the corona virus risk can instil indignation and non-cooperation, as witnessed in the case of many migrants.

Third, there is increased likelihood of repeat lockdowns due tothe virus likely to bounce back,which will greatly test public patience and cooperation.

 

Editorial 2- 

Reducing farm distress during a pandemic

At a time whenthe rural economy was witnessing declining incomes, both for casual workers and self-employed workers, even before the pandemic broke out, this lockdown is only going to hurt the agricultural economy further.

Even before the lockdown, rural wages were declining in real terms.

Issues for Rabi Crops:- Harvesting season for Rabi Crops is on. This Corona PANDEMIC has created shortage of labourers.  So Rabi crop yield can get affected.

Horticultural Issues:- In the short run, we will likely witness a breakdown of supply chains of agricultural produce with no facilities for transportation of produce.

This is likely to hurt those engaged in the production of fruits and vegetables, which are perishable goods and cannot be stored.

Real worry :- Some of the short term impacts may affect price realisation by farmers but the real worry for farmers is going to be the decline in prices for the majority of agricultural produce.

At a time when the agricultural sector was already battling declining demand and lower prices, the faint hope of better prices appears unlikely to materialise.

It is the decline in prices which is likely tohurt the income of farmers in thelong run more than the short run supply disruptions and labour shortages.

What should the Govt. Do?:- While raising procurements is desirable and may be necessary for the forthcoming rabi crops, the state is also expected to intervene and assure remunerative incomes to farmers.

One way of ensuring this is to reduce the input costs through existing schemes of subsidies such as the fertilizer subsidy and through price reduction in petrol/diesel meant foragricultural purposes.

But for the immediate short term, farmers need to be compensated for the loss of income and the best way to do it is through the PM-KISAN scheme.

Unfortunately, the only announcement in this regard is the disbursal of the first installment of the transfer whichis due in April.

However, the scheme only used two-thirds of its budget allocation for 2019, so efforts should be made to not only enhance the coverage monetarily but also include tenant farmers and wage labourers who are as much dependent on agriculture as the landowning cultivators.

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