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The Hindu Newspaper 07/06/2020

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Red Dot Campaign sometimes seen in the news recently is associated with which of the following?

a.  Fire fighting drills in schools

b.  De-stigmatizing Menstrual talks

c.  Promoting blood donation among youths

d.  To check the irrational use of antibiotics

Answer : b

In its endeavour to make ‘Women Health and Hygiene empowerment’ the biggest social movement of the 21st Century, Sanfe, a leading feminine Hygiene brand incubated by IIT Delhi, has launched Red Dot Campaign to normalise period pain talk for women.

The campaign intends to generate widespread awareness around the discomfort caused by a period pain in the life of women and how it restricts them from reaching new heights in various walks of life.

Red line campaign is to check the irrational use of antibiotics.

2)Consider the following statements with respect to Ambubachi Mela

  1. It is the world’s largest tribal festival celebrated in the southern state of Telangana.
  2. It was recently granted the UNESCO’s intangible cultural heritage of humanity tag.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : d

Assam’s largest religious congregation, the Ambubachi mela at Kamakhya temple atop Nilachal Hills, was recently inaugurated.

During the mela, the temple door of the Kamakhya will remain closed.

Kamakhya temple is one of the 51 Shakti shrines representing the different body parts of shiva’s consort sati.

During the four-day event, it is believed that the presiding goddess of the temple, Devi kamakhya, goes through her annual cycle of menstruation.

3)Consider the following statements with respect to ISALEX 19

It is a joint security exercise between India and El Salvador.

The First edition of this exercise is recently held in Abu Dhabi.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

Representatives of 50 law enforcement agencies of the International Security Alliance are taking part in the first joint security exercise ISALEX 19 in Abu Dhabi beginning recently. 

News:- India’s solar ferry sails into global contest

India’s first solar powered ferry, Aditya, which became an icon on the Vaikom Thavanakadavu route in Kerala, is among 12 such ferries that have been shortlisted for the Gustave Trouvé Award.
It is the sole entrant from Asia.
There are three award categories: one for electric boats up to 8m in length,
electric boats more than 8 m long and electric ferry boats (passenger boats), the category in which Aditya is in the fray.

Gussies Electric Boat Awards were instituted in memory of Gustave Trouvé,
a French electrical engineer and pioneer in electric cars and boats.

Trouvé was a prolific inventor with over 75 patents. Back in 1881, he developed a 5m long prototype electric boat.

Built in Kochi:-Operated by the Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD), the vessel was built by Navalt Solar and Electric Boats, Kochi.

News:- ISRO, ARIES tie up for space monitoring studies

The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said it signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Aryabhatta Research
Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES), Nainital
, on June 4, for cooperation in space situational awareness and astrophysics. ISRO said
that for future endeavours in space exploration, it is important to be self reliant in R&D in space environment, astrophysics and solar sciences.

News:- Amid pandemic, Padma awards portal goes live:-

Amid the COVID-19 pandemic and extended lockdown, the portal for nominations for the Padma awards, which are announced on Republic
Day, has gone live. The portal has been thrown open for nominations by any individual in a pre agreed format.

News:- CBSE set to release reduced syllabus:- Mumbai The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) will release a cutdown syllabus within a month to adapt to a shorter academic session and the loss of classroom
time because of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Some Reforms needed For School:- Schools will also be asked to start shifting to a competency based education system from this academic year,
with more focus on learning outcomes.

Aimed at moving away from the rote learning, content based,
examination focussed structure of Indian education, competency based
education looks to map a child’s understanding and application of concepts
rather than knowledge of facts.

While this is being done in an incremental manner, it means that from the coming year, the CBSE’s Class 10 board examinations will include 20% case based questions, which have real life connections. There will be 10% such questions in the Class 12 board examinations for all subjects as well.

News:- Suspend import of rubber: UPASI :- Rubber plantations, located
mainly in Kerala and open since April, are struggling to sell the commodity
as COVID-19 and the nationwide lockdown have shrunk demand for natural
rubber.
The United Planters’ Association of Southern India (UPASI) has sought suspension of natural rubber (NR) imports for two years and a levy of safeguard duty on imports for three years when the suspension is revoked.
This would give time for the local industry to recover.

News:- Deep sea microplastics:- Deep sea hotspots of biodiversity are also likely to be microplastic hotspots, according to a recent study published in Science. Using data collected from off the shores of Corsica, the
researchers deduce that thermohaline driven currents can cause microplastics to accumulate in the same regions where underwater
organisms flock in the benthic region
. This is because the currents also supply oxygen and nutrients to the deep sea benthos.

What is Thermohaline:Definition: Large-scale density-driven circulation in the ocean, caused by differences in temperature and salinity. In the north Atlantic, the thermohaline circulation consists of warm surface water flowing northward and cold deepwater flowing southward, resulting in a net poleward transport of heat.

News:- Serotonin triggers desert locust swarms: When solitary locusts happen to come near each other (looking for food) and happen to touch each other, this tactile stimulation, even just in a little area of the back
limbs, causes their behaviour to change.

This mechanical stimulation affects a couple of nerves in the animal’s body, their behaviour changes, leading to their coming together. And if more locusts come nearby, the crowding starts, and what was once a simple looking insect becomes larger in size and shape, and its colour and morphology changes.

In the next paper, it was showed in some molecules that modulate the central nervous system of the locust, the most important among them being serotonin.

Malathion insecticide is used to control Locusts.

Explainer:- Gross Value Added

In 2015, in the wake of a comprehensive review of its approach to GDP measurement, India opted to make major changes to its compilation of national accounts and bring the whole process into conformity with the United Nations System of National Accounts (SNA) of 2008.

As per the SNA, gross value added, is defined as the value of output minus the value of intermediate consumption and is a measure of the contribution to GDP made by an individual producer, industry or sector.

At its simplest it gives the rupee value of goods and services produced in the economy after deducting the cost of inputs and raw materials used.

Earlier GDP at Factor Cost was measured, but later the system was changed to GVA at Basic Price and base year was changed from 2004-05 to 2011-12.

What is Basic Price:- In simple terms, for any commodity the basic price is the amount receivable by the producer from the purchaser for a unit of a product minus any tax on the product plus any subsidy on the product. However, GVA at basic prices will include production taxes and exclude production subsidies available on the commodity.

Gross value added (GVA) is defined as the value of output less the value of intermediate consumption. Value added represents the contribution of labour and capital to the production process.

On the other hand, GVA at factor cost includes no taxes and excludes no subsidies and GDP at market prices include both production and product taxes and excludes both production and product subsidies.

GVA at factor cost + (Production taxes less Production subsidies) = GVA at basic prices

GDP at market prices = GVA at basic prices + Product taxes- Product subsidies.

As part of the data on GVA, the NSO provides both quarterly and annual estimates of output — measured by the gross value added — by economic activity. The sectoral classification provides data on eight broad categories that span the gamut of goods produced and services provided in the economy.

These are:
1) Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing;
2) Mining and
Quarrying;
3) Manufacturing;
4) Electricity, Gas, Water
Supply and other Utility Services;
5) Construction;
6)Trade, Hotels, Transport, Communication and Services
related to Broadcasting;
7) Financial, Real Estate and Professional Services;
8) Public Administration, Defence and other Services.

Drawbacks of GVA:-
1) Overestimation of India’s Growth as highlighted by Arvind Subramaniyam.
2)Data is needed for correct GVA estimation which in itself is a problem.

News:- Poaching doubled during lockdown, says TRAFFIC India.

A recent report by TRAFFIC, a leading wildlife trade monitoring network, has recorded a significant increase in poaching in India during the over two month lockdown period.

TRAFFIC INDIA :- TRAFFIC, the Wildlife Trade Monitoring Network, is the leading non-governmental organisation working globally on the trade of wild animals and plants in the context of both biodiversity and sustainable development. It was founded in 1976 as a strategic alliance of the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

The organisation’s aim is to ‘ensure that trade in wild plants and animals is not a threat to the conservation of nature’. It states that through research, analysis, guidance and influence, it promotes sustainable wildlife trade (the green stream work) and combats wildlife crime and trafficking (the red stream work).

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